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Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc- If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act

2020.09.25 14:36 VisibleConfusion69 Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc- If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
/2cb/
/2mad4madlads
/3dsFCswap
/9M9H9E9/
/ABCDesis
/AbsoluteUnits
/AbyssRium/
/AccidentalBoobGrazes/
/AccidentalComedy
/AceAttorneyCirclejerk/
/ACNHGardening
/AfricanAmerican
/androiddev
/animalsbeingbros
/ANormalDayInAmerica/
/anormaldayinrussia
/AntifascistsofReddit/
/antifastonetoss
/arizona/
/arrow
/ArrowAndTheCanaries
/Art
/AsABlackMan
/Asexual/
/askaustin
/AskBibleScholars/
/AskHistorians
/AskMen
/AskMenOver30
/askphilosophy
/AskPhotography
/Asktransgender
/AskWomen
/askwomenadvice
/asoiaf
/atheism
/autism
/awwducational
/babybigcatgifs
/badUIbattles
/BAMEVoicesUK
/BatwomanTV
/BDS
/Beautevil/
/beautyguruchatter
/BestOfReports
/BethMidrash/
/BiggerThanYouThought
/biggerthenyouthought/
/BikiniBottomTwitter
/blackhair
/blackladies
/blacklesbians/
/BlackLightning
/blacklivesmatter
/blackmagicfuckery
/BlackPeopleGifs
/BlackPeopleTwitter
/Blerds
/bodegaboys
/books
/bootlegtoys/
/boottoobig/
/bostontrees
/brakebills
/BritishAirways
/brownbeauty
/BrownPeopleGifs
/BudgetExotics
/buycanadian
/California
/CallMeKevin
/cat
/catan
/CatInTheHatMemes
/Catslaps
/catswithdogs
/Charlotte
/cheese
/chicago
/Chonkers
/chvrches
/civbattleroyale/
/CK2GameOfthrones
/CocosClassics
/coldshowers
/ComedyBuddhism/
/Contrapoints
/copyright
/CoreCyberpunk/
/Corvids
/coys
/CPTSDmemes/
/CreateA/
/creepypms
/CrewsCrew
/cringe
/cringepics
/CritterFacts
/CrowBro
/Crystals/
/curlyhair
/cursedpipes
/Dachschaden
/dankmemes
/DarkJokes
/dataisbeautiful
/dating
/DatingHell/
/DCTV
/deals/
/DebateAVegan
/deerhunter
/democrats
/DenverProtests/
/DescriptionPlease
/didntknowiwantedthat
/digital_manipulation
/dixiequeer
/DIY
/DnDGreentext
/docproduction
/DogeMine
/DragRace_Canada
/DrawForMe/
/DynastyCW
/eagles
/elliegoulding
/EmulationOnAndroid
/entitledkids
/entitledparents
/entitledparentsmemes
/entitledpeople
/espressobin
/euphoria
/explainlikeimdog
/eyebleach
/facepalm
/fakealbumcovers
/Fantasy
/FastFood
/fatlogic
/Feminism
/Feminisme/
/feminisms
/femmesofdesoto
/FemmeThoughts
/Fitness
/fixtagram
/FlashTV
/Florida
/FloridaMan
/Food
/formula1
/fosterit
/foundthemobileuse
/FragileMaleRedditor
/FragileWhiteRedditor
/freecompliments
/FriendsofthePod
/ftm/
/FuckTheAltright
/gallifrey
/GamerGhazi/
/gaming
/gaming4gamers
/Gamingcirclejerk
/gaminggifs
/garlicbreadmemes
/gatekeeping
/GatekeepingYuri/
/gay
/geckos/
/GenderCynical/
/genderfluid_irl
/Girlsmirin
/GODZILLA
/goodseals
/GreenAndPleasant
/Gryffindor
/guitarlessons
/Gunners
/GunsAreCool
/Hair
/happy
/happycowgifs
/harrypotte
/Hasan_Pike
/Hindi/
/HipHopHeads
/hisdarkmaterials
/HisDarkMaterialsHBO
/HistamineIntolerance/
/HistoricalJesus/
/hitboxporn
/hockey
/HoldMyNip
/House
/Hufflepuff
/humansbeingbros
/humor
/iamatotalpieceofshit
/idontworkherelady
/im14andthisisdeep
/indianmuslims
/industrialengineering/
/insanepeoplefacebook
/instantkarma
/InternationalDev
/intersex
/ios13beta/
/IRLEasterEggs/
/isitbullshit
/jewellerymaking
/joebiden
/JohnCena/
/JUSTNOMIL
/JustNoSO
/Kashmiri
/KerbalSpaceProgram/
/KingkillerChronicle/
/kittens
/kpop
/kpoprants
/kpopthoughts
/LandlordLove
/leagueofmemes
/LeopardsAteMyFace
/Letterkenny
/LGBT
/LGBTnews
/LibDemMemes/
/librandu
/lifehacks
/LifeProTips
/London
/LosAngeles
/loseit/
/Louisville
/mademesmile
/madlads
/MakeMeSuffe
/MakeMoatsGreatAgain
/makeupaddiction
/malefashion
/malefashionadvice
/MarchAgainstNazis
/marchagainstrump
/marijuanaconcentrates
/MarkMyWords
/marvelsavengerproject
/mcdonalds
/MeditationPractice
/mediumformat/
/Menslib
/menwritingwomen
/mfa_irl
/mfacirclejerk
/Miami
/Michael
/Military
/mimirecipes
/minipainting/
/Minneapolis
/Minnesota
/MirrorForSale
/mississippi
/MLS
/ModelUSGov/
/MonstaX
/MUA3
/muacjdiscussion/
/Music
/MuslimMarriage
/NASCAR
/naturalhair
/NewOrleans
/NewPatriotism
/News
/Nextfuckinglevel
/NFL
/nicegirls
/NikeSB
/nj4nj
/NJmeetup
/NJr4r
/NMS_Zoology
/noburp
/NomSaying
/nonbinary
/nonmonogamy
/Nottheonion
/Nr2003
/nsfw_gifs
/NYCFC/
/NYCtrees
/Obama
/OCPoetry/
/OCPoetryCirclejerk/
/oddlymesmerizing
/Oddlyterrifying
/offmychest
/Offroad/
/OKState/
/Omaha
/OnGuardForThee
/orcas
/orlando
/Overseas_Pakistani
/PaidForWinRAR
/PanPorn
/paofacts
/partyparrot
/peoplefuckingdying
/Pete_Buttigieg/
/Phillylist
/philosophy
/phoenix/
/PlayingGuitar
/PledgeToImpeach
/PlusSizeFashion
/Poetry/
/poetry_critics
/popheads
/powerlifting
/pregnant
/progressive_islam
/progresspics/
/punchablefaces
/pupliftingnews
/queers
/racism
/rage
/rant
/rape
/rarepuppers
/ravenclaw
/ravens/
/RebelGalaxyOutlaw
/relationships
/relationship_advice
/rigtours/
/RoastMe
/roosterteeth/
/RPDR_UK
/ryangosling/
/rupaulsdragrace
/SandersForPresident
/ScienceFacts
/sciencegifs
/sciences
/Screenwriting
/self
/selfies
/sexpositive
/ShitRedditSays
/ShittyLifeProTips
/shittymoviedetails
/shouldercats
/Showerthoughts
/silhouWHAT
/skitswedditsager
/skyrimmods/
/skyrimvr
/slytherin
/soccer
/socialjustice
/software
/Solocampingandhiking
/spaghetti/
/SPLCenter
/SpoiledDragRace
/spotify/
/squaredcircle
/StargirlTV
/StayingAtHome
/streetwear
/Strongman
/supergirlTV
/SupermanAndLois
/survivor
/svihs/
/tangsoodo
/TerfsWritingTrans
/thanosdidnothingwrong
/thathappened
/thatsabooklight
/thatsthejoke
/TheArtifice
/theocho
/Tim
/timecrisis/
/ToiletPaperUSA
/traaaaaaannnnnnnnnns/
/trans
/TranscribersOfReddit
/transgender
/transgenderteens
/transpositive
/transspace
/transtimelines
/trashy
/TwinCities
/TwoXChromosomes
/Unexpected
/unitedkingdom
/unpopularkpopopinions
/unsentletters
/vaxxhappened
/vegancirclejerk
/VeganDE
/videos
/Volumeeating/
/voteBLUE
/voteDEM
/watchandlearn
/wearethemusicmakers
/weddingplanning/
/weightroom
/WeirdLit
/whiskey
/whitepeoplegifs
/wholesomeBPT
/wholesomecomics
/wholesomehaiku
/WitchesVsPatriarchy
/wnba
/women
/womenshealth
/WorldNews
/WWE/
/YesFap
/Yiddish/
/turtlefacts
Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
/assholedesign/
/DevUnion/
/ADHD/
/Swimming/
/OpenWaterSwimming/
/onionheadlines/
/dangerousdesign/
/behindthegifs/
/chelseafc/
/ITZY/
/straykids/
/red_velvet/
/GeschichtsMaimais/
/neoliberal/
/TrueCrime/
/TrueCrimeDiscussion/
/UnresolvedMysteries/
/serialkillers/
/DelphiMurders/
/RedditCrimeCommunity/
/nonmurdermysteries/
/mystery/
/FoxFiction/
/RepublicanValues/
/nasa/
/Breadit/
/HoustonF1/
/FairytaleasFuck/
/Instagramreality/
/Botchedsurgeries/
/Portland/
/freefolk/
/cheapguitarporn/
/Babylon5Gifs/
/Hijabis/
/Squidbillies/
/coronavirusAL/
/Aquariums/
/shittyaquariums/
/AquaSwap/
/Goldfish/
/Koi/
/AquariumMemes/
/MonsterFishKeepers/
/AquariumsTestSub/
/KnifeFish
/fishshaming/
/Awwquariums/
/Koi_Keepers/
/Bichirs/
/ContagiousLaughte
/AnarchoWave/
/Lima_Peru/
/Spiderman/
/MakingaMurdere
/TheQuibble
/Hogwarts
/ImSorryScout/
/UtahJazz/
/PublicFreakout/
/peloton/
/AmateurRoomPorn/
/RimWorldPorn/
/carolinekonstna
/breathwork/
/saltlakemetro/
/service_dogs/
/service_dogsofReddit/
/ShingekiNoKyojin/
/sounddesign/
/PromoteYourMusic/
/SpotifyPlaylists/
/musicproduction/
/WrestleWithThePackage/
/Austin/
/alcohol/
/RedditsMuseumofFilth/
/chickflixxx/
/Stellaris
/eu4
/paradoxplaza
/victoria2
/Imperator
/KillerQueen/
/TyrannyGame
/saltierthancrait
/kawoshin/
/SapphoAndHerFriend/
/falcons/
/anime_titties/
As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
/skyrim/
/2meirl4meirl/
/MildlyVandalised/
/HolUp/
/Wreddit/
/SCJerk/
/cannabis/
/hearing/
/German/
/lfg/
/dndnext/
/BaldursGate3/
/SampleSize/
/FireEmblemHeroes/
/fireemblem/
/Splintercell/
/RadicalChristianity/
/RussiaLago/
/WormMemes/
/MHOC/
/GroupMovies/
/littlebritishcars/
/Iamnotracistbut/
/ClassicBabes/
/filk/
/ainbow/
/genderquee
/bisexual/
/PuppySmiles/
/lyftdrivers/
/beigeonly/
/Smithtown/
/boyslove/
/heat/
/Detroit/
/BodyAcceptance/
/ConspiracyII/
/ImpactWrestling/
/Splatoon_2/
/ARMS/
/Snek/
/Mario/
/casualnintendo/
/nintendo/
/cleanagers/
/TheMorningShow/
/borns/
/gwent/
/sleepnomore/
/Philippines/
/OneTrueGary/
/circlebroke2/
/circlebroke/
/SRDBroke/
/kflay/
/Musicthemetime/
/HouseChickens/
/poledancing/
/csharp/
/ESL_Teachers/
/GayTeensVerified
/PrincessesOfPowe
/collared/
/knitting/
/Adoption/
/Delaware/
/productivity/
/NewYorkIslanders/
/sewing/
/BlatantMisogyny/
/mendrawingwomen/
/legosaga/
/thewalkingdead/
/MuslimLounge/
/StressFreeSeason/
/ladybonersgonemild/
/wow/
/worldofpvp/
/Blizzard/
/woweconomy/
/ControlProblem/
/Cinemagraphs/
/angula
/Python/
/americandad/
/Anarchism/
/badeconomics/
/budtenders/
/FiftyFifty/
/mbti/
/mtf
/cdramas/
/nyjets/
/pureasoiaf/
/testoviron/
/spicypillows/
/Denve
/StarWarsCantina/
Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
/science
/505Nerds/
/acturnips/
/ACTrade/
/ACVillage
/ACQ
/HogwartsWerewolves/
/AskEconomics/
/TURKS/
/egg_irl/
/blaulicht/
/AFD/
/Weltraum/
/Stormlight_Archive/
/brandonsanderson/
/Cosmere/
/Mistborn/
/MHOC/
/union/
/RedshirtsUnite/
/Judaism/
/DebateAnAtheist/
/FantasyPL/
/ASOUE/
/socialskills/
/Snowblowers/
/arabs/
/WormFanfic/
/cauldron/
/Barca/
/PeterExplainsTheJoke/
/carscirclejerk/
/begonias/
/antidiet/
/ultrachrist/
/thenewcoldwa
/PresidentialRaceMemes/
/NoahGundersen/
/bassnecta
/ColoradoAvalanche/
/LetsNotMeet/
/tattoo/
/MinusTheBea
/kansascity/
/FoodDiaries/
/belgium/
/belgiumgonewild/
/ik_ihe/
added as of 5:30 PM US Eastern June 9, 2020
/india
/AprilKnights
/dobro
/Ireland
/ptsd
/happyrelationships
/Utilitarianism
/wec
/USCR
/forza/
/portishead/
/azerbaijan
/talkingheads
/Umphreys
/ColdCaseUK
/ActiveMeasures
/skyrimrequiem
/freefolk
/Equestrian
/islam
/ColCraftOfficial/
/ElderGuardianRights/
/GenZ/
Added 10:00 AM US EDT 6/10/20
/BotanicalPorn
/WaterPorn
/SeaPorn
/SkyPorn
/FirePorn
/DesertPorn
/WinterPorn
/AutumnPorn
/WeatherPorn
/GeologyPorn
/SpacePorn
/BeachPorn
/MushroomPorn
/SpringPorn
/SummerPorn
/LavaPorn
/LakePorn
/CityPorn
/VillagePorn
/RuralPorn
/ArchitecturePorn
/HousePorn
/CabinPorn
/ChurchPorn
/AbandonedPorn
/CemeteryPorn
/InfrastructurePorn
/MachinePorn
/CarPorn
/F1Porn
/MotorcyclePorn
/MilitaryPorn
/GunPorn
/KnifePorn
/BoatPorn
/RidesPorn
/DestructionPorn
/ThingsCutInHalfPorn
/StarshipPorn
/ToolPorn
/TechnologyPorn
/BridgePorn
/SteamPorn
/RetailPorn
/SpaceFlightPorn
/roadporn
/drydockporn
/AnimalPorn
/HumanPorn
/EarthlingPorn
/AdrenalinePorn
/ClimbingPorn
/SportsPorn
/AgriculturePorn
/TeaPorn
/BonsaiPorn
/FoodPorn
/CulinaryPorn
/DessertPorn
/DesignPorn
/RoomPorn
/AlbumArtPorn
/MetalPorn
/MoviePosterPorn
/TelevisionPosterPorn
/ComicBookPorn
/StreetArtPorn
/AdPorn
/ArtPorn
/FractalPorn
/InstrumentPorn
/ExposurePorn
/MacroPorn
/MicroPorn
/GeekPorn
/MTGPorn
/GamerPorn
/PowerWashingPorn
/AerialPorn
/OrganizationPorn
/FashionPorn
/AVPorn
/ApocalypsePorn
/InfraredPorn
/ViewPorn
/HellscapePorn
/sculptureporn
/HistoryPorn
/UniformPorn
/BookPorn
/NewsPorn
/QuotesPorn
/FuturePorn
/FossilPorn
/MegalithPorn
/ArtefactPorn
/fuckpongkrell/
Deusex/
/80s/
/Enough_Sanders_Spam/
/YouFellForItFool/
/CanadaHunting/
/DogCare/
/Dogtraining/
/comicbooks/
/theflash/
/Bikeporn/
/cycling/
/cyberpunk_stories
/iiiiiiitttttttttttt/
/DystopiaToday/
/AreTheStraightsOK/
/clevelandcavs/
/AmItheAsshole/
/LiverpoolFC/
/DissociaDID/
/TripCaves/
/Wholesomecringe/
/blackfishing/
/scioly/
/doodles/
/ICanDrawThat/
/Welding/
/NintendoSwitch/
/socialism
/ElectricForest/
/GaySoundsShitposts/
/writing/
/femalefashionadvice/
/asianamerican/
/zelda
/KingdomDeath/
/criminalminds/
added 9:00 AM US Eastern 6/9/2020
/SkincareAddiction/
/trees/
/startups/
/Norway/
/Entrepreneurs/
/GooglePixel/
/TaylorSwift/
/namenerds/
/selfservice/
/BalloonFetish/
/looners/
/walterlore/
/dogelore/
/Rowing/
/BrawlStarsCompetitive/
/RowingMemes/
/Eevee/
/pokemonmaxraids/
/RunnerHub/
/Roman_Catholics
/ihadastroke
/soccercirclejerk/
Latest added
/AsianBeauty/
/pokemon/
/BreadTube/
/AOC/
/Ilhan/
/LeftWithoutEdge/
/UniversityofChicago/
/ABraThatFits
/bulletjournal
/beatles
/the1975
/TheKillers
/MichaelJackson/
/mumfordandsons/
/AgeGap/
/AgeGapRelationship/
/whatintarnation/
/startrekgifs/
AdviceAnimals
wholesomememes
kirby
/actuallesbians
/TransyTalk
/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by VisibleConfusion69 to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 06:28 memesandcommunism LETTER TO REDDIT CEO

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc– If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
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Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
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As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
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Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
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/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by memesandcommunism to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 01:56 ChonkyBeagle My son is a hateful incel, and I just cannot save him or defend him anymore.

My boy, my oldest child, was so good when he was little, but something broke inside of him when he was a teenager.
My wife and I always accepted, loved, and encouraged him. We pushed him to work hard and treat people with respect. I don’t know where exactly we failed him but as a father I feel responsible for the thing he’s turned into.
It started when he was 14. He had began to become withdrawn and emotional. We chalked it up to teenaged mood swings. For some reason he was just so angsty and bitter all the time. We were worried about his lack of social life and his over-reliance on his computer. He kind of hid himself in the online world so my wife and I began to limit his computer time, but he simply became more aggressive and confrontational.
His hygiene was bad, and he was always confrontational when we told him to shower or do laundry. His room stank horribly and we eventually had a huge fight over it where he physically shoved my wife and called her a bitch, and eventually we got him to at least clean and air out his room regularly on the grounds that it was our house and if he couldn’t maintain his space he wouldn’t be entitled to it - essentially we got to the point where we told him he wouldn’t be allowed his worldly possessions or privacy unless he took care of the space we all shared. the room still smelled and he was still rude about cleaning it but we could tell him to get it clean and he would do it after that.
We ended up getting a call from his school saying that a female student felt harassed by him. We were shown messages where he continually badgered her to have sex with him, threatened to “punish” her for stringing him along, sending her unsolicited nudes, telling her some violent fantasies of his, and eventually just descending into some horrid rage-filled rant about how she is just another “whore” and other things.
We were shocked. We explained to him why this behaviour was unacceptable, and I explained to him that it was ok to be sexually active but his actions were toxic and abusive.
I tried mentoring him man-to-man, taking him on camping trips and whatnot and talking to him about women and girls and trying to give him advice. I suggested he try showering, changing up his hair and facial hair styles, trying out different fashion styles, maybe going to the gym.
I told him some hard truths - that he doesn’t want a gross woman so he shouldn’t be a gross man. By gross I mean hygiene and looks. I explained to him that good looks are more hygiene and self care than genetics but he refused to accept what I said to him.
After that I caught him sniffing his sister’s panties in the laundry room - she was 12 at the time and he was 17. He assured me it had nothing to do with his sister, he said he just had a panty sniffing fetish and he pretended they belonged to girls from porno videos, but still I gave him hell for it, and he was grounded and lost his computer for 6 months. I went through his computer and I was disgusted by the kinds of hateful, racist, incel forums he frequented, the horrid things he said about women, and his save file was full of cartoon porn with girls of questionable ages. I wiped the hard drive completely and began strictly monitoring his online activity. I used parental filters to block incel sites and and porn sites that hosted cartoon porn.
The next big issue was something he did to my daughter’s friend. My daughter is 5 years his junior, and one day after a sleepover, my daughter came to me and said her friend wanted to tell me something but was afraid of what I would say.
My son cornered this 13 year old girl and physically blocked her path and touched her hair and face while making very inappropriate comments about her body and asking her if she liked to sleep naked and what kind of underwear she wore.
I tore into my son for that, my wife and I both shouted at him, and told him his behaviour was horrible and I told him then that if his actions got him arrested I would not defend him. He accused us of not loving him, but I told him the reason I was so passionately angry in that situation is because I do love him, and I want to help him become a good man so he can stop being so predatory and bitter and miserable. I told him some hard truths. That he did this all to himself and that he is the only one he can blame for how bitter he is.
I suggested he look to women his own age and he went on a rant about how it was a waste of time because women were already whores (and his definition of a whore is a woman who has had sex even just once) by 17. I called him out on his bullshit and expressed clearly that if he harassed young girls anymore I would personally turn him in.
I invited my daughters friend over after and I personally apologized to her for her experiences, I cried in shame for my son’s behaviour and begged her forgiveness for allowing her to feel unsafe in my home and promised her that if she ever felt uncomfortable she could come to my wife and I and we would always believe and help her. Luckily, my daughter didn’t lose this friend, but for safety I installed a lock on my daughter’s door.
We got my son therapy but he refused to engage with the therapist, calling him a “sand nigger” and “pajeet” and “terrorist”. His next therapist was a “chad”, so he didn’t relate to that either.
We fought about him not trying, not getting a job, and he said he couldn’t get one because of the immigrants, to which I pointed out that he was struggling because he got fired from his high school jobs for being lazy.
After those fights, my wife tried to empathize with him and understand what made him so bitter but he flipped out at her, and called her a cock-gargling whore and said that she fucked her way through dozens of men until she found a “beta-fag” who was willing to shelter her for missionary sex.
My wife, who works and contributes to the family income, who is an independent, professional woman.
Honestly, I lost it more than ever before. I had never been so angry when I heard what he said. That may be his mom, he may be my son, but the woman he was abusively tearing into is my god damn wife. No one can treat my wife like that.
I am ashamed to say in my anger, he shoved me and I physically retaliated, shoving him back, and pinning him against the wall. I felt ashamed of myself, I have never been an angry or violent person, but I couldn’t control myself. I’ve never put my hands on either of my children in such a way in my life, I hate child abusers... but this boy was no child. He was a grown man.
He was intimidated and backed down, and for a while he was peaceful.
The last straw was this week.
My daughter has dated 3 people her whole life. A boy, a girl, and now another boy. We were as open about sex with my daughter as we were with my son. We asked if she would like to have a question-free steady supply of condoms left in her bathroom drawer, and if she wanted to get on birth control. She said no to both questions with her first boyfriend. She never really brought him home but we met him at one of her recitals. When she had a girlfriend she went over to her house all the time, and didn’t want to bring her to the same house her brother lived in, a sentiment I understood.
But her most recent boyfriend has a lot going on behind the scenes in his family. He’s a nice boy but his mom is a single mom of 4 and they struggle.
This boy started coming around a month after they got together. I like him. My daughter is happy with him. He treats her with respect. He is an intelligent boy. He’s an absolute gentleman. He’s respectful and polite in our home. He calls me sir, calls my wife Ma’am, he offers to help with the cooking or dishes or cleaning while he’s visiting, he talks to us, he’s a bit of an amateur cook himself and brings us food all the time to say thank you for taking care of him, when we go out for dinner he always offers to pay for himself and my daughter (though I know he doesn’t have much money so I always pay). When getting out of the car he opens the door for my wife and offers her his hand (he sits behind her for leg room). He holds the doors, when we leave somewhere he helps my daughter put her jacket on like those sweet old fashioned couples.
This young man works hard, and gives what little he has to his mom and siblings. Like I said, I really respect the boy. I offered him money once for groceries for his family but he turns me down and says he would feel guilty accepting my money like that. He’s appreciative of things - in the winter, it was -20 and he had only a hoodie, so I draped my jacket over his arms, and I said “take it son, it’s cold.” He had tears in his eyes as he said thank you, and I made some excuse about wanting to get rid of the jacket and told him he could keep it if he brought cookies for us next time he visited.
When Christmas came along, I invited him over for supper, and when I went to pick him up I delivered some presents for his family, and on the ride back to my house we had a moment. He was crying because he didn’t have much to give us - he got everyone in our house a present but he cried anyways because he felt it wasn’t enough to make up for what we gave him. I pulled over, and I just hugged him, and I said to him that it wasn’t the value of what he got, it was that he got us anything at all. I thanked him for treating my daughter so well, and I told him he would always be welcome in my home.
My own son didn’t get us anything for christmas, not even a card bought with the money we give him. This boy got my wife and I matching wine glasses since we like to share a bottle every now and then.
My son didn’t eat with us. He pillaged the food table and ran away to his room alone while my daughter’s boyfriend met my sister and her family and my parents and my uncle. They all told me how charming he was and how polite he was. Meanwhile after dinner my son told my 5 year old nephew “fuck off Faggot” for asking to play a game with him. A man over 20 years old.
Last week, my wife and I went out for an evening to ourselves. We went to dinner, then we went to an upscale bar to play some pool, then we went home.
When I walked in the door, the kids were screaming at each other. I came in to see my son and my daughter’s boyfriend fighting. The boyfriend was just pushing my son back and trying to redirect him, my son was throwing punches and charging him. My daughter was crying and sitting against the wall clutching her face. I got between them and pushed them apart, and demanded to know what was happening.
My son went on a tirade about how he found birth control pills and heard “whore” sounds from her room, so he kicked open her door and discovered them having sex, he said he couldn’t believe his own sister would “be a nigger’s whore” and called the poor boy a monkey and other things.
My wife got my daughter and her boyfriend out of there and I yelled at my son for how he was acting. Eventually I got nowhere with him so I made him wait in his room. I went to talk to my daughter. I apologized to her boyfriend, crying as I did, telling him that I hope he could forgive me for letting this happen. He said he was sorry for getting violent but that he only did it because my son hit her. My daughter cried and said he was a psycho and threatened to rape her, and that he admitted to ejaculating on her toothbrush and hair brush.
I charged into his room, and I said firmly that he should pack his bags and leave. I told him I would pay to have his things sent to him, wherever he went, but that he was leaving tomorrow.
My wife stayed at my sisters, and my daughter and her boyfriend spent the next few nights at his place.
The next day I practically threw my son out of the house kicking and screaming.
I took his key back and changed the alarm codes and garage door code. A day later I had a message requesting some of this things - mostly his gaming stuff - be delivered to some strange apartment block I didn’t recognize a couple of towns over. A college aged man buzzed me in and I delivered the stuff. I didn’t see my son.
My wife and I then went through his room. My daughter’s boyfriend came over and helped me move his furniture to the garage. We threw out his mattress and some other more gross and smelly things, and we took out the carpet to be replaced.
Hidden in the closet was a treasure trove of my daughter’s underwear, so saturated with old, moldy semen that they were as hard as bricks. The unnerving part was that there were a few pairs my daughter was adamant didn’t belong to her. And they were too small for my wife. It was possible he stole them from my nieces.
There was a sketchbook containing graphic drawings of my son violently raping different women and keeping little girls chained up in some kind of sex dungeon. I went through his old phone that was still working, and all his photos were screenshots of my nieces and their friends in their bikinis, lots of cartoon porn, lots of red pill and incel and Trump memes. He still had messenger, so I checked his messages, most of them were just him trying to harass women and underaged girls.
I checked his Email and... much to my disgust, he stole private photos of my wife from her phone, and he was selling them.
Today, I went to the police with everything and told them everything.
I gave my baby boy everything... I don’t know why he went down this road. But I’m just so sorry I failed him. I don’t know what the police will do... but I hope they stop him before he hurts someone else.
The sad thing is... yesterday, once it was all over and settled, yesterday we had a wonderful day. One of the happiest we have ever had.
Edit: there is a lot to sort through, it’s impossible to reply to everyone so let me hit the big points.
edit 2
With new replies coming in by the truckload and 3 new pm’s for every one I reply to, I am getting slightly overwhelmed by the response here. I can’t really keep up, even just reading I have begun skipping comments to keep up. I have things to do today but I’ll try to catch up every so often.
edit 3
Mods locked the thread. I am not sure why but there are almost 10,000 replies and maybe 500 pm’s to sort through.
submitted by ChonkyBeagle to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 05:56 morshedulpython Watch NFR Live Stream 2020 Texas Rodeo Onlin

Watch NFR Live Stream 2020 Texas Rodeo Onlin

Watch NFR Live Stream 2020 Texas Rodeo Online


https://preview.redd.it/2rj1w5a2hmo51.jpg?width=640&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=54c4898d92e256fd00af0a9b6036c4325887a50c

When talking about 2020 Rodeo is basically it basically refers to an annual [National Finals Rodeo](https://nfrliverodeo.com/) event that is meant to happen on Thursday, December 3rd to the Saturday 12th at the Globe Life Field which is located in Arlington, Texas, United States. Additionally, the scheduled event is supposed to cover about Bareback Riding, Barrel Racing, Bull Riding, Saddle Bronc Riding, Steer Wrestling, Team Roping and Time-down Roping. Importantly, NFR live stream 2020. The NFR is shaping up to be one of the most competitive and entertaining rodeos that the world has ever seen. The top cowboys in the world will be putting their boots on and taking each other on to try and claim a world championship in their respective events. Mark your calendars and make sure you do not miss out on a single second of action this December.
Long before the Dallas Cowboys were winning Super Bowls in American football, real-life cowboys were competing in the “Super Bowl of Rodeo” in Dallas, Texas as early as 1959. The seven-competition tradition began there, but also saw stops in Los Angeles, California from 1962 to 1964, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from 1965 to 1984, and Las Vegas host since 1985 but in 2020 The National Finals Rodeo will move from its usual home in Las Vegas to Globe Life Field in Arlington in what would be the park’s first major non-baseball event since its opening this past spring.
Rodeo fans are eagerly waiting to see theNFR live stream. The National Finals Rodeo is not the only showcase of the best cowboys but also showcase of patience, bravery and spurs.

https://preview.redd.it/0iu4d9h3hmo51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3973adb40d31c07bd721194cd1115ac28f45ea98
Venue
Globe Life Field, Arlington, Texas, United States
Start Date
Thursday, 3rd December 2020
End Date
Saturday, 12th December 2020
Broadcast
The Cowboy Channel
Live Stream
Watch Here
So, don’t miss a single moment of the WNFR live action. Don’t worry, If you can’t attend in Texas NFR, we’ll discuss here how to watch National Finals Rodeo online real-time TV coverage.
Contents [hide]
  • 1 When is the National Finals Rodeo?
  • 2 Where will the NFR Texas 2020 be held?
  • 3 What TV Channel will the NFR be on?
  • 4 How to watch NFR Live Stream 2020 Online
  • 4.1 The Cowboys Channel
  • 4.2 PRCA on The Cowboy Channel+ App
  • 4.3 RFD-TV Now
  • 4.3.1 Supported platforms
  • 4.4 Sling TV
  • 4.4.1 Supported platforms
  • 4.5 2020 NFR Live Stream Using a VPN
  • 4.5.1 ExpressVPN
  • 4.5.2 IPVanish
  • 4.5.3 NordVPN
  • 5 Can I listen to NFR 2020 live stream on radio?
  • 6 NFR Live Online on Social Media
  • 6.1 YouTube
  • 6.2 Facebook
  • 6.3 Twitter
  • 6.4 Reddit
  • 7 How much are tickets to the NFR?
  • 8 Everything You Need to Know About NFR
  • 9 Main Performance
  • 9.1 Bareback Riding
  • 9.2 Steer Wrestling
  • 9.3 Team Roping
  • 9.3.1 Headers
  • 9.3.2 Heelers
  • 9.4 Saddle Bron Riding
  • 9.5 Tie-Down Roping
  • 9.6 Barrel Racing
  • 9.7 Bull Riding
  • 9.8 All-Around Champion
  • 10 Contestants
  • 11 Super Bowl of Rodeo
  • 12 Miss Rodeo America
  • 13 Wrangler NFR Preshow
  • 14 Cowboy Christmas
  • 15 Standings
  • 16 NFR Prize Money
  • 17 Wrangler NFR World Champions
  • 18 Final Words

When is the National Finals Rodeo?

For individuals who plan on attending the NFR festivities in Texas, there are a variety of sponsored activities to get involved with during the 10-day period between 9:00AM to 5:00PM (PT). Each night’s NFR performances will officially take place between 6:45PM to 9:00PM (PT). See complete NFR schedule page.

Where will the NFR Texas 2020 be held?

All of the NFR’s main performances will take place at the Globe Life Field in Arlington, Texas. Normally home of the home of the Texas Rangers baseball team, this venue can seat up to 40,300 people and tickets will go on sale to the public on Sept. 25, 2020.

What TV Channel will the NFR be on?

The Cowboy Channel is the official media partner for the PRCA and Wrangler NFR 2020. Because this is an exclusive deal between the network and the PRCA, the NFR will not be shown on any other TV network during the 10-day period.

How to watch NFR Live Stream 2020 Online

The Wrangler NFR is a 10-day event that includes the fan-favorite Cowboy Christmas as well as the PRCA National Convention. The schedule also includes nightly Buckle Presentations, Benny Binion’s World Famous Wrangler NFR Bucking Horse Sale, the PRCA Awards Banquet and Gala also the Pro Rodeo League of Women Style Show and Luncheon. All performances will be covered by The Cowboy Channel live and simulcast on RFD-TV. Wrangler National Finals Rodeo (NFR) move to The Cowboy Channel (TCC) and RFD-TV beginning in 2020. The performances will also be streamed on the PRCA on Cowboy Channel Plus app. The PRCA on Cowboy Channel Plus app users will be able to stream events both live and recorded.

The Cowboys Channel

The ultimate annual rodeo event will now be seen by millions of people live simultaneously on two national TV networks. Also included in the deal is a wide variety of other PRCA programming, including expanded live coverage of the PRORODEO TOUR and the PRCA’s Xtreme Bulls Tour events which will result in a huge increase in the amount, availability and quality of PRCA PRORODEO coverage on The Cowboy Channel here. The Cowboy Channel now available on Dish Network-232, Direct TV-603, Cox-260 anytime, and anywhere. You can enjoy Rural Media on these platforms:
  • AT&T (Channel 568 & 1568)
  • Charter Spectrum
  • Comcast
  • Cox
  • DIRECTV (Channel 345)
  • DIRECTV NOW
  • DISH (Channel 231)
  • Mediacom
  • Sling TV’s Heartland Package
  • Suddenlink
To find out if RFD-TV and The Cowboy Channel are available in your area, please click here and enter your zip code also choose your Pay TV provider.

PRCA on The Cowboy Channel+ App

The PRCA on The Cowboy Channel+ App will keep fans up-to-date with their favorite PRCA rodeos and athletes, as well as provide behind-the-scenes access to livestreamed and on demand PRCA rodeo events from around the country. The content can be accessed via the mobile app (available on Android and iOS), as well as any browser, smart TV or device. Viewers will be able to enjoy free access to up-to-the-minute news, bios, rodeos and highlights. Those with a subscription will unlock premium content such as up to six simultaneous live rodeo feeds, classic PRCA archived rodeos, The Cowboy Channel video-on-demand programming, and the only place viewers can stream the National Finals Rodeo (NFR). The Cowboy Channel+ is available for only $9.99 a month or save up to 25% and purchase the whole year for $89.99. To sign up for the PRCA on The Cowboy Channel+ App, visit www.cowboychannelplus.com.

RFD-TV Now

RFD-TV Now delivers both real-time NFR 2020 LIVE programming as well as an expansive on-demand library with access to more than 90 shows such as Hee Haw, Opry Encore, The Best of the Marty Stuart Show, Ag PHD, and FarmHer, as well as daily broadcasts of Market Day Report and Rural Evening News. RFD-TV Now is available on a huge lineup of streaming players and devices including Roku players, Roku TVs, and Amazon’s Fire TV. RFD-TV Now costs $9.99 a month or $89.99 a year.
Supported platforms
Can I watch RFD-TV on Roku, Fire TV, Apple TV, or Chromecast? Yes! you can here is the complete list:
  • Android 4.4+
  • Android TV 5.0+
  • Apple TV 9.0+
  • Amazon Fire TV
  • IOS 9.0+
  • Roku
  • Web: Chrome, Firefox, IE11, Edge

Sling TV

Sling TV includes RFD TV as part of their Sling Blue Heartland Extra package for $35 a month. Sling TV has 30 channels as part of their plan, including A&E, AMC, BET, Bravo, Cartoon Network, CNN, Comedy Central, Discovery, Disney Channel, E!, ESPN, Food Network, Fox News, Freeform, FX, HGTV, History, Investigation Discovery, Lifetime, MSNBC, Paramount Network, Syfy, TBS, TLC, TNT, Travel Channel, truTV, and USA Network.
This is the full Sling TV Channel List.
Every Sling TV subscriber can record to their 10 hours Cloud DVR, while 3 users can stream at the same time.
Supported platforms
Sling TV supports a wide-range of devices to stream including Amazon Fire TV, Apple TV, Google Chromecast, Roku, iPhone/iPad, Web Browsers, Android Phone/Tablet, Android TV, Xbox, Samsung Smart TV, LG Smart TV, and VIZIO Smart TV. Sling TV is not available to stream on PlayStation and Nintendo.

2020 NFR Live Stream Using a VPN

Sling TV is only available to residents of the United States. Even viewers located in our neighbor to the north, Canada, cannot access the Sling TV service. In these situations, a reliable and encrypted VPN (Virtual Private Network) can prove to be helpful. A VPN will allow an individual to remotely connect to a server located in a different country that allows the desired website viewing to take place. The following VPNs can prove to be very useful:
  • ExpressVPN
  • This source offers a selection of servers that spans over 90 countries. Currently, they offer monthly ($12.95/month), semi-annual ($59.95/6-months), and annual ($99.95) plans. Included with each plan is the offer of a 30-day money back guarantee in the event that a user is dissatisfied.
  • IPVanish
  • The offering from this source includes servers that span over 60 countries. The current subscription plans consist of monthly ($10/month), quarterly ($26.99/3-months), and annual ($77.99/year) options. Included with each plan is the offer of a 7-day money back guarantee in the event that a user is dissatisfied.
  • NordVPN
  • While maintaining a selection of servers that spans over 60 countries, this VPN source currently has subscription plans that consist of monthly ($11.95/month), semi-annual ($54/6-months), annual ($83.88/year), and bi-annual ($95.75/2-years) options.
Once you have connected to US’ Fastest server, the Sling website will instantly be accessible to you. Simply subscribe to Sling Live TV service and enjoy live streaming of all your favorite TV channels right at home!

Can I listen to NFR 2020 live stream on radio?

This season, you can hear daily from the ten days of the Wrangler NFR, scheduled for Dec. 3-12 (find an affiliate near you), as well as on SiriusXM serving rural America and Canada and is available to more than 34 million vehicles and homes. RURAL RADIO also offers a broad slate of Western sports programming year-round featuring Western Sports Roundup and coverage of WPCA and PRCA events.
Launched in March 2019 under the theme of “All Dirt, All Rodeo, All Year,” NFR Extra follows current and former rodeo contestants, country music performers, stock contractors, rodeo industry insiders and more. New episodes are released weekly with the plan to broadcast daily from the ten days of the Wrangler NFR, scheduled for Dec. 3-12. If not listening on RURAL RADIO Channel 147 on SiriusXM, NFR Extra can be accessed at NFRexperience.com or on Spotify, Apple Podcast, iHeart or anywhere fans like to listen.

NFR Live Online on Social Media

One increasingly popular method of viewing NFR live stream comes in the form of social media viewing. The way this typically works is through an individual using their mobile device to live stream the event to a social media platform of their choosing. The most popular platforms for this method are as follows:
  • YouTube
  • The most popular video-sharing site on the planet has historically built its name upon uploaded videos. However, the site now allows live-streaming capabilities, making it perfect for free viewing of live events such as NFR, as long as a streaming user can be found.
  • Facebook
  • Various individual accounts or pages are bound to be streaming the National Finals Rodeo events. Interested individuals will have to search for these opportunities throughout the platform as it gets closer to the festivities.
  • Twitter
  • This platform has increasingly become the go-to place for action as it happens in real-time. That makes it a prime destination when searching for all things related to NFR. A quick search bar or hashtag follow will almost assuredly lead to the discovery someone streaming the NFR.
  • Reddit
  • Mainly known as a news aggregation site, this platform has increasingly become a well-known discussion forum hub. Within those forums, there is undoubtedly discussion concerning how to watch the NFR live stream on Reddit.

How much are tickets to the NFR?

National Finals Rodeo Tickets have been placed on this website by our trusted brokers, who offer those tickets in a range of values. Have a look at all the ticket prices and select the tickets which best suit your budget. 2020 Wrangler NFR new ticket prices are as follow:
  • Balcony: Individual – $76, Season – $760, 4pk – $304, 6pk – $456
  • Plaza: Individual – $105, Season – $1,050
  • Gold Buckle: Individual – $300, Season – $3,000

Everything You Need to Know About NFR

Beyond the payouts for the Cowboys, the PRCA estimates that the event brings in about $90 million annually to the Las Vegas economy. Furthermore, recent attendance stats have shown that 177,565 rodeo enthusiasts decked out in Wrangler jeans, Justin boots and cowboy hats attended events at the Thomas & Mack with an additional 40,000 fans who watched at the 40 hotels who hosted watch parties. It is during this rare time of the year that many marquees on the Strip have the face of bull riders replace DJs’ faces.

Main Performance

Seven main events have historically taken place at the NFR. Each event has its own monetary prizes that are paid out, and those payouts are determined by each top-placing competitor’s rank in relation to the event’s overall prize pool. Individuals placed in the top-six of a particular event are paid out accordingly, while individuals placed in the top-eight of the overall NFR are also paid out. The NFR’s main events are as follows:
  • Bareback Riding
  • This consists of a horseback cowboy using a bareback rigging as the primary means of staying on top of the horse. This grip has often been compared to the equivalent of hanging on to a suitcase handle and makes for the only support that a cowboy has on top of the wildly bucking horse. An 8-second ride constitutes a qualified ride and the cowboys is judged on riding technique.
  • Steer Wrestling
  • This act involves a horseback steer wrestler, alternatively known as a “bulldogger”, bringing a fast-moving steer to a halt on its back as fast as possible. The bulldogger utilizes a combination of strength, technique, speed, and precision to jump off of their horse from a designated starting point and onto a steer sprinting off from the same starting point.
  • Team Roping
  • Headers
  • One of two horseback team members whose job is to successfully rope the head of the steer in one of three tries as fast as possible; around both horns, around one horn and the head, or around the neck.
  • Heelers
  • One of two horseback team members whose job is to successfully rope the hind legs of the steer as soon as the header has successfully done their part. To avoid a 5-second penalty for roping only one hind leg, the heeler must rope both hind legs.
  • Saddle Bron Riding
  • Similar to Bareback Riding, the goal of the horseback cowboy is to maintain their balance as much as possible for 8 seconds while the horse is bucking. In this event, however, the cowboy sits on a saddle while using one hand to hold on to a thick rein that’s attached to the horse’s halter.
  • Tie-Down Roping
  • This event centers around a cowboy on horseback attempting to restrain a calf by throwing a well-timed rope loop that’s attached to the cowboy’s horse. The cowboy and the calf both leave from a designated starting point, with the calf getting a slight head-start. The cowboy depends on the horse to mitigate any slack in the rope after dismounting, then proceeds to tie-up the calf as fast as possible.
  • Barrel Racing
  • This is a women’s event where horseback cowgirls race against the clock to complete a strategically set course where barrels are set up as landmarks. The intent is for the cowgirls to complete a cloverleaf-shaped run around 3 barrels placed in a triangular formation as fast as possible. Barrels that are accidentally knocked over result in 5-second penalties.
  • Bull Riding
  • The cowboy on top of the bull has the main objective of staying on top and maintaining their balance for 8 seconds. They are judged based on technique and can earn extra points by spurring while the bull is bucking. The cowboy stays on top of the bull by grasping a flat braided rope, which also wraps around the bull’s chest.
  • All-Around Champion
  • Being crowned the All-Around Champion speaks volumes about the versatility and high level of talent exhibited by the winning cowboy. In order to receive this honor, the cowboy must have won the most prize money in a given year and competed in at least 2 NFR events while earning at least $3,000 in each of those events. This is widely known as the highest honor bestowed by the PRCA.

Contestants

There are 120 cowboys from all over the United States that will step foot as competitors within the NFR. A full list of the contestants can be found on the event’s Contestant Roster page. The top 10 ranked competitors are as follows:
  1. Tuf Cooper – Tie-Down Roping
  2. Trevor Brazile – Tie-Down Roping
  3. Sage Kimzey – Bull Riding
  4. Tim O’Connell – Bareback Riding
  5. Jacobs Crawley – Saddle Bronc Riding
  6. Caleb Bennett – Bareback Riding
  7. Ryder Wright – Saddle Bronc Riding
  8. Rhen Richard – Team Roping (Header)
  9. Shane Hanchey – Tie-Down Roping
  10. Brittany Pozzi Tonozzi – Barrel Racing

Super Bowl of Rodeo

The NFR has consistently been referred to with this phrase because of the sheer massiveness of its popularity and money-generating power within the context of rodeo. The event is considered to be so big and consistently sold-out that the UNLV basketball team that normally uses the NFR’s venue during the season has to annually build its schedule in a way that keeps the team on the road for the duration of the NFR festivities.

Miss Rodeo America

This event is a pageant that takes place in conjunction with the NFR as part of the NFR’s overall festivities. State rodeo queen winners from across the United States compete for the Miss Rodeo America crown and put themselves in line to potentially win $20,000, among other smaller prizes. In addition to the prizes, the winner is expected to travel to various rodeos throughout the United States and to promote the rodeo during the subsequent year.

Wrangler NFR Preshow

The former Miss Rodeo America titleholder is no stranger to the excitement of the “Super Bowl” of Western competition, with six years of WNFR reporting under her belt. She is most excited about bringing the pre-show to the fans. Be prepared for this Wrangler NFR Preshow, don’t miss a single moment of the Pro Rodeo live action.

Cowboy Christmas

For those that need a break from the constant adrenaline that comes with the NFR’s main events, the Cowboy Christmas experience allows for a welcomed change of pace. This portion of NFR centers around cowboy shopping and serves as a marketplace for hundreds of exhibitors from the United States and Canada to sell to thousands of eager buyers. Typically taking place at the Las Vegas Convention Center, Cowboy Christmas will also move to Arlington, TX in 2020. All exhibitors will have the opportunity to Opt-In/Opt-Out for 2020.

Standings

The 2019 PRCA season has been extremely competitive as a lot of the top cowboys are gunning for glory. Tuf Cooper sits atop of the all-around standings and many experts believe that he is going to win his second all-around title in a row. There will be a lot of close competitions and many of the world championships could come down to the last day. You can check the current standings here.

NFR Prize Money

The total payout for the entire event is $10 million and will remain at that amount until 2020. After that, the amount will be adjusted and remain in place for the subsequent five years. All 120 qualifying contestants receive $10,000 as part of participating. This year’s detailed payout structure can be found on the PRCA’s 2019 Wrangler NFR Payoff page.

Wrangler NFR World Champions

2019 All Around World Champion
Stetson Wright
The 2019 NFR World Champions
Bareback Riding
Clayton Biglow
Steer Wrestling
Ty Erickson
Team Roping (Header)
Clay Smith
Team Roping (Heeler)
Wesley Thorp
Saddle Bronc Riding
Zeke Thurston
Tie-Down Roping
Haven Meged
Barrel Racing
Hailey Kinsel
Bull Riding
Sage Kimzey
For a full recap, please click here.

Final Words

All in all, the National Finals Rodeo is a landmark event and a de facto defining period of time within any given rodeo year. For anyone who is a fan of rodeo, the main events and the surrounding festivities are must-see events and must-participate experiences if the financial means allow for it. Don’t miss a minute of the exhilarating NFR live stream action this year from December 3rd until December 12th.
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2020.09.21 04:36 chartreuseeye Industrial (on eMusic)

This list has been lying in wait for nearly a year, as I don’t buy all that much of it and there’s considerably less than a ton of it left on eMusic, though browsing shows quite a few 2020 releases. Much of it is quite old, as a result.
Among my favorite concerts from a year in Americorps in NYC from 2009-10 was seeing J.G. Thirlwell’s Manorexia live. Though hardly industrial, I did pick up some of it and Steroid Maximus on eMu back in the good-old days. That so much of his work as Foetus remains on the site is one of the most prominent industrial curiosities. See the labels Some Bizarre and Ectopic Ents for a notably extensive but still nowhere near full catalog.
I would characterize the early works of Meat Beat Manifesto as industrial, two of which are available on Flexidisc, wrongly claiming to be from 2010 (late 80s-early 90s were the heyday of industrial music as a whole, no?).
Throbbing Gristle spin-offs can be found in the list below, and eventually I should pick up their few original albums, now most prominent on the site for being legit full-length albums from the 70s and 80s.
I never got into Nurse with Wound or the goth-darkwave of The Cassandra Complex, but six and eight albums, respectively, are nothing to sneeze at.
The site used to have quite a lot more by Laibach, which I enjoyed, but now there are only a couple of remixes.
There was even a time when an industrial colossus like NIN was putting new EPs on eMu, while the great label purge was just gearing up, in 2017-18. Nowadays, all we get is a piecemeal “artists similar to NIN” list that itself is rather decimated.
I want to highlight the more obscure titles near the top, while the better-known names in the second half are here mainly to remind folks that they're still available on eMu rather than introduce them to anyone.
  1. “The Water” - Ten Realms (2014) (“十丈波“ - 十界集樂坊). This is probably my favorite industrial album of the past ten years, led by the incomparably intense and delightfully Chinese inflected but English-sung third song, “盼若水火,” landing somewhere between Spahn Ranch and Wumpscut if they ever wanted to storm the Great Wall. It’s an amazing song that does what most fusion doesn’t even know it should wish it could. The whole album is head and shoulders above most of the list, if not the sole impetus to give industrial music its day in the haze. Female vocals in Chinese are a most unusual start to the album, backed by an ever-shifting combination of electronic beats, electric guitars, and traditional Chinese strings, flutes/woodwinds, and percussion. This is followed by a driving instrumental that almost feels like a light metal march determined to incorporate every traditional Chinese instrument. The combination takes some getting used to, especially the interplay between ancient China and metal-esque guitars, but it’s well worth the effort for those who think they’ve heard it all. More than half of the songs are instrumental and in the range of five to eight minutes, so these are no tinny nu-rock commercial ditties that so often pass for “hard” music in Asia. Typing the English title doesn’t seems to yield results, so cut and paste the Chinese or try this link: https://www.emusic.com/album/2578402// The English-titled version is here: https://www.emusic.com/album/1398994/Tenrealms/The-Water
  2. “Biocosmos” - Tav Exotic (2016). Excellent 99-cent value for two quite long tracks and a third adding up to the length of a full album. It takes quite a while to realize that there are vocals on the tracks, longer still to discern what they’re saying. I think I’d still call them songs. Not something I’d play for my parents or my grandparents, but when unhappy with the world but don’t want to be too loud about it these sure do the trick. https://shop.vlekdata.org/album/vlek22-tav-exotic-biocosmos
  3. “S/t” - Where Everything Falls Out (2010). Female vocals are an unusual feature on this slightly more rock-oriented album. I’m not sure how to describe what she does on the mic—it’s breathy, not really singing, not quite a growl but similar in tone. She does whisper and speak, and the layers feel rather experimental. Anyone who doubts its inclusion here should check out the noisy stabs on the opening track and the hammering on “A State of Disrepair.”
  4. “Aus den Anti-Imperialistischen Tagebüchern” - Im Namen Des Volkes (2017). Little electronic songs with vocals that are decidedly less accessible than synth-pop, less slickly produced, dark, and dancefloor-oriented than EBM. This is a rather long album maybe best appreciated in smaller chunks. The name and cover art alone should qualify it as industrial, and it maps onto mid-1980s electronic acts well. I could imagine it being a lost entry on the WaxTrax! catalog. “Bio Hacker” is a strong highlight for its overbearingly obnoxious bassline and space-shuttle vocal sounds, daring the listener to let it keep playing, built like a dance track that causes its dancers to topple over like broken robots. Einsturzende Neubauten meet The Residents at times, electro-punk on upbeat numbers like “Hunde im All.” https://peripheralminimal.bandcamp.com/album/aus-den-anti-imperialistischen-tagebu-chern
  5. “Iconic Rapture” - Artur Maćkowiak (2017). Fully electronic and almost fully instrumental (though with some voices), but usually involving guitars as well, I’m not fully sure how industrial all these songs are. The fact that they’re layered efficiently and rather repetitive may make a stronger claim to being industrial on paper or in concept than how they actually sound. “Under the Mask” is one of the more interesting tracks, and I wanted to put it on my Covid-19 mix, but it was still too obtuse to fit in with the other songs. The nearly 9-minute clarinet and spoken word “TZD” is another track that’s interesting and borderline industrial w/out fully committing. Overall, I wouldn’t want to listen to this every day forever, but it’s a fine aural palette cleanser if one doesn’t want to go all the way to noise. https://wetmusicrecords.bandcamp.com/album/artur-ma-kowiak-iconic-rapture-2
  6. “The Jewels” - Einsturzende Neubauten (2008). This starts out on a relatively conventional musical note, with a repeated alternation on a keyboard, eventually backed by strings. As always, though, what distinguishes EN is their ability to intersperse decidedly noisy, actual industrial factory sounds sourced from things few others would consider musical instruments. Most of the compositions include always-distinctive vocals in German and English and are under three minutes long, so none of the noises are allowed to persist long enough to become really grating. If not minimalist, they are certainly spare, like an alien band that doesn’t differentiate between music, general sound, and noise, alternating between the three as a result.
  7. “Пособие для начинающих: Глас сéребра” - Coil (2001). They should need no introduction here and have two albums available on Important Records; this and another are the only entries under Feelee Records. “Are You Shivering” must be one of the creepiest industrial songs out there.
  8. “Post Sign” - Clockdva (2013). This is a rather subdued compilation album that I’m not sure is very industrial, but the band’s early work is unassailable, no? I like the first and last tracks, but much of what’s in between is a rather repetitive snooze, not cheesily dated like much synthesizer music of the 80s, but definitely of a bygone era when it was perfectly OK to keep one or more loops in a song completely unchanged for five minutes or more. There’s also a $5 “single” of remixes, “Clock 2,” that doesn’t show up on the AMG discography. https://clockdva.bandcamp.com/album/post-sign
  9. “Nail” - Foetus (1985). The quasi-orchestral opening theme should have tipped me off to what Thirlwell had in store for the 90s and the 21st century, but when I first heard this album in high school well after its release date, I found it one of the most caustic, horribly unlistenable albums. Literally howling “agony” is something one not only has to be in the mood but also fully braced for. Yet it retains an unshakable mystique, and revisiting it today after a couple decades to listen around and get familiar with other industrial music, it holds up much better than I remember. https://jgthirlwell.bandcamp.com/
  10. “Armed Audio Warfare” - Meat Beat Manifesto (1988). In the early 2000s I was pretty sure this album sounded dated, but now I’m more convinced that yelling over old keyboards will never go out of style. A track like “Mars Needs Women” also allows the listener to imagine an alternate reality in which industrial music, rather than old-school hip-hop, is the source of today’s urban pop music. I’d like to think pop would have evolved very differently, even as a track like “Cut Man” is very similar to the tape splicing of Double Dee & Steinski. Despite pivoting to electronic dub by the time I heard them in the mid-90s (quite a transition between 1992’s Satyricon, a great album I think is still industrial, and “Subliminal Sandwich” from 1996, which I think is not really other than “Asbestos Lead Asbestos”), this album kept me doggedly filing them as industrial well into the 21st century. https://meatbeatmanifesto.bandcamp.com/album/armed-audio-warfare-remastered
  11. “Tutti” - Cosey Fanni Tutti (2018). This is one I hadn’t heard of but eMusers all seemed to snap up, by the former Throbbing Gristle member, which I didn’t know until after following the flock and owning it. I don’t hear much industrial in it, rather more spacey electronica with brass on the opener, a bit on the dark side. Understated if not minimalist, the album largely eschews beats or other rhythmic elements so prominent in much electronic music. Pulses and, yes, throbbing, occupy that role instead. It’s a good value at $3.50, but I don’t fully understand the appeal. Knowing the history helps appreciate it more, perhaps.
On other lists: “Should I Erase You?” - n400. 2017. “Demand & Possibility” - Unclean (2019).
A few on my wishlist that I’m not sure are industrial or interesting (feel free to inform me): Raper Orze, Jean-Luc, Das Institut, , Marco Shuttle.
Are there any dedicated industrial labels on eMusic? With a flexible definition, maybe. Eye for an Eye Recordings and Dischetti come closest. Full of Nothing might be aspiring to NIN’s former label. Future Noise is fine. Pinkman Broken Dreams leans electronic. Halo Askew Entertainment is a poor man’s Metropolis but the closest to a dedicated darkwave industrial EBM label I can find. Wow Cool is pretty limited. Hans Mondial is split. Personal Escape titles are half labeled industrial but basically ambient. The techno on Singularity and TARO Records can get pretty noisy.
Rather than reposting repeatedly, here’s my lists of what’s left on eMusic: http://www.omnifoo.info/pages/eMuReddit.html
& by my evaluation http://www.omnifoo.info/pages/eMusic%20Labels.html
& by genre https://www.emusers.net/forum/discussion/comment/94512/#Comment\_94512
submitted by chartreuseeye to eMusicofficial [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 02:54 TheAusNerd Debris [Part 42]

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<"Dude, I love playing that when I was a kid!"> said Wora exuberantly over video chat. <"I can't believe they still make it.">
Le'quaren, the only friend Wora could name that wasn't perpetually surrounded by criminals and thugs, sat smiling, cradling her newborn in her arms. <"Jell told me it's getting even more popular at the store he frequents, but he's concerned that if his friends find out he plays, he's never going to hear the end of it.">
Wora giggled. She remembered feeling the same way in her youth, spending a solid chunk of the allowance she received from performing chores to buy a pack of cards just for the feeling of anticipation and mystery. It was simpler then, better. Wora thought. <"Hey...">
Today's lunch was a lonely one for Behn. While a significant portion of the women went to have their bi-weekly video calls, she abstained, choosing instead to get in line for food that, without the rest of the prison lining up for their meals and bringing things to a crawl, was comparatively fresh. The food, surprisingly refreshing though it was, was no replacement for Wora's lively demeanour and barbs at the brainless programmes on the television, which the prisoners noted to now be flickering somewhat; the women expected their food to soon take another dip in whatever quality it had left.
At last, and with a tray on which she swore she could see the scrapings from the bottom of the greasy pot in which her meal was cooked, Wora arrived, throwing herself onto the bench beside Behn. The mood was immediately lifted. <"Hey, girl. What'd I miss?">
<"Just some weather boy waffling on about expected wind speeds during Chill Winds. They're gonna be high, but nothing we haven't survived before."> As she heard the young man read the weather report, part of Behn was glad that Arnd apparently spent most of her time in X'rtani House, she would be nice and warm there.
<"Huh. Oh! Did I ever tell you about that one time when my aunt slipped on an ice patch and fell down the stairs of her apartment complex?"> Behn shook her head. <"Yeah. She was fine in the end, nothing more than a few bruises, but she screamed like a damn siren until she hit the floor. A cop came bursting in looking for his buddy's cruiser, muttering that he didn't get a call for a crime in progress! When he saw my aunt, he damn near pissed himself!"> Wora chuckled heartily, and Behn couldn't help but be drawn in. The two women laughed so hard that they missed the opening to that day's episode of MarkWatch.
The pair watched a man too average-looking to form an opinion on confront Mark on a bus, and a thought came to Wora's head. <"Do you have anyone to call on the outside? Friends, family?">
Behn swallowed hard after she removed her gaze from the television and processed the question. <"No. I hadn't noticed I left it all behind until I realized who I was running with. And before you ask: no, I'm not calling my mother."> she clarified, dim resentment on her tongue.
<"You think she would've called by now, given what you've told me.">
<"She's busy doing gods know what with Mark and all that government crap, I wouldn't be surprised if it was years before she called to talk.">
Wora nodded along as only a friend would, recognizing that words were no good here, and returned to her meal.

<"You reckon he couldn't have gone shorter? Show some arm?"> asked Wora in relation to the tailored suit MarkWatch's presenters accurately predicted he had arranged for.
<"Meh, it's probably fashionable where he's from. It's not my business in any case."> replied Behn, squat lifting the weight of the average prisoner in the complex. It was simple. It certainly wasn't a heavy machine gun, two backpacks worth of ammo, malante plate body armor... <'No, gods damn it! You're past that! The violence is no more! Just squat and breathe, Behn.'> She squatted, she breathed, she felt her thighs grow warm with the effort, focusing on that helped her stay in the moment.
<"Behn?">
<"Sorry, I spaced out a bit, what'd you say?">
Wora pointed past Behn, whose gaze followed her friends finger. Four surly women, with enough muscle between them to convince Behn that they could bend the collective population of the prison into thick knots. They closed in and Behn put the barbell back on the rack. She and the quartet's eyes met, and the clear challenge was recognized.
<"So,"> began a X'etish woman who dwarfed the others. <"Miss Ex-Fang here's got 48 lifetimes, eh? Not bad, pint-size."> She giggled, her yellowed and chipped fangs on full display. <"See, there's something about multiple life sentences that I'm sure you know: You step out of line, and you're in solitary.">
<"I'm aware."> replied Behn, knowing exactly where this was going.
<"So then you know that you can't fight anyone, correct?"> the woman sneered, leaning down so her jaw was inches from Behn's face. Behn didn't notice a X'rtani woman slinking out of view.
<"Correct.">
The woman stood back up. <"Good.">
Behn was seized from behind, a second X'rtani clamping her jaw shut <"Don't go crying now."> she taunted. Wora hollered for the guards, only to be grabbed by the jaw and thrown to the ground by the X'eti, who roughly held her face to the floor. Struggle as she might, Wora was helpless and silent in witnessing Behn's right arm being held out by a X'ogan woman, her mouth warped into a savage grin. <"You learn that we're the bosses in this yard right quick, or..."> And with a visceral crunch that turned both Behn and Wora's stomach, the woman bit down on Behn's thumb, removing it at the base. She spat it on the ground and chuckled, her jowls splotched with bloody yellow. Behn, pain and disgust twisting inside her, swayed at the sight of her own blood. Finally, the guards arrived, detaining the perpetrators. Upon her attacker's seizure, gore-induced vomit spilled from Behn's newly unclamped jaw, and she staggered to the floor, lightheaded and queasy.
As the assailants were taken away, a guard administered basic first aid to Behn while calling for a medical team for the two victims. Before long, a team arrived with a mag-lifted bed for Behn, they immediately administered an anesthetic and antibiotics to the wound, and they rushed Behn off to the prison station's medical ward. Wora, her head throbbing, was helped off the ground by the guard who stood beside Behn, and was led from the yard as she explained the altercation.

Wora's impatience was not due to the aches she felt as her injuries were examined in the medical ward.
<"You appear to have a mild concussion and some bruising."> noted the doctor. The guard present relayed this information to her fellow officers in Wora's arm of the prison. <"There's no cure for a concussion but rest and limiting stimulus; no television, no major physical activity, and keep socializing to a minimum for the next few days. I'll have pills regularly sent to your cell to help with pain, and I'll arrange for your meals to be sent to your cell, too. In the meantime, I can provide you with a blindfold and earmuffs to help limit stimulus."> The physician filled out application forms as she spoke. <"You should begin to first see results in a few days, and I'll have you come in for an examination in seven days.">
<"Fine, cool, whatever."> said Wora. <"Is Behn going to be okay?">
<"Your cellmate? Due to patient confidentiality, I can't give that information away. But I'll ask her if it's okay, and we'll go from there.">
<"Yes, please."> Restlessness was thick in her tone.
The doctor blinked at her for a moment, before turning back to her computer. <"Alright. We'll arrange someone to visit you in your cell as soon as possible."> She turned to the guard, handing her the stimulus-limiting headwear. <"Shel, please escort Miss Lakk back to her cell, and be sure to take the quiet routes.">
<"Of course, Doctor. You heard her, get these on you and I'll get you back safe."> the officer held the blindfold and earmuffs out to Wora, who took them begrudgingly.
The blindfold didn't so much as blind Wora, but rather kept her vision dim, which she admittedly appreciated given her injury, the earmuffs too aided in the easing of her headache; they didn't help ease the throbbing she felt from her bruises, though.
When Wora arrived back at her cell, she saw some pills already arranged on her bedside table; they tasted like everything and nothing at the same time, she nearly gagged. After chasing her medication with some water, she slumped down onto the bed and dozed, her body seemingly responding to the doctor's orders.
She later woke with a start as a guard outside her cell called for her attention. <"Miss Kell? Miss Kolr would like to see you in the medical ward, I'm here to escort you.">
Wora didn't miss a beat, immediately following the guard through the passageways prisoners usually only got to see if they were in deep trouble, add-years-onto-your-sentence trouble. All the way, she was thankful for the headwear provided, and was finally deposited into the medical ward after an uneventful journey. A doctor, noticeably armed - it was a prison, after all - directed Wora to Behn's bed.
Behn laid propped up in a hospital bed with her eyes closed, grimacing in pain. Her right arm and hand were held still by braces as a tissue replicator went to work reattaching her thumb with new bone, muscle fibers, and skin weaved from their constituent components coded with her DNA, given in a sample taken from the shredded stump of her thumb. Wora noticed that a small curtain had been set up to block Behn's view of her automated operation.
<"Behn, it's me."> said Wora, sitting by her bedside.
Behn's eyes slowly opened, brightening when her friend came into focus. <"Hey sis. Wh-ugh, what's with the sleepwear?"> she asked sardonically.
<"Concussion, but I'll be fine. How about you?">
<"I should be okay, too. The doc said that this should take just fine, given that it's mostly a reattachment. At best, I'm looking at minor scars.">
Wora raised an eyebrow. <"And at worst?">
<"My body rejects the new tissue, my thumb falls off, and they try again."> Behn explained nonchalantly, as though the sight of such wouldn't result in her puking again.
<"Ah."> Though her tone didn't show it, in truth, Wora was truly relieved that her friend, despite her gruesome injury, was still in high spirits. One question remained, however. <"So, you're looking at a stint in solitary?">
<"Nah, enough of the girls in the yard vouched for me that I'm off the hook this time. I got told that those dry cunts are in lockdown for half a month and their pay's been slashed. Next time they jump someone, they're in solitary for a month, with an extra month for each following attack. And the best part, I now have express permission to defend myself from those four in future."> Behn giggled. <"I mean, so long as I don't break anything.">
<"Oh, thank the gods, I didn't want to lose you."> expressed Wora, not realizing until after she had said it that she said the quiet part out loud.
<"Aww, you would've missed me?"> Behn barbed.
Wora knew there was no backing out now. <"Of course, you dumbass! You're the only cellmate I can name that I've gotten along with.">
Listening to Wora lay herself bare, Behn couldn't remember the last time her presence made someone genuinely happy beyond her deft handling of a firearm. She smiled warmly and extended her uninjured arm toward her friend, placing her hand on Wora's knee. <"Hey, I'm not shut in a hole just yet, so buck up!">
Wora sighed, content. <"You're right. Just don't go scaring me like that again, okay?">
<"Sure, sis.">
<"So, how long did the doc say you'd be stuck here for?">
<"They reckon they'll see if this'll take in a day or so. If it does, I'm free to go. Well, as free as I can be on this rock, at least. I'll be back to see your lack of modesty again soon.">
Wora's expression grew smug. <"You know you love it."> she mocked.
Behn sniggered, transitioning into full on laughter when Wora mockingly began lifting her shirt. Wora joined in, letting the joy of the moment wash away any lingering doubts and worries. Now she knew that she, her friend, and their bond, was safe.
~~~
The bus glode smoothly past shop-lined streets as Mark stared out the window, attempting to map out the city in his mind while wondering where he could get a set of headphones built for his ears. It stopped outside a family-owned grocer to let waiting passengers board. Before the bus could take off again, a thin man carrying a basket of food approached Mark.
<"What're you doing here?"> he asked belligerently.
Mark was shaken from his window watching by the man's question. "Can I help you?" he asked politely.
<"This bus isn't built for you."> the basket-carrier stated with certainty. <"Get off.">
Mark blinked. "... Pardon?"
The man's already scowl-creased face scrunched further, his jowls parted just enough for a thin white line of fangs to be visible between his jaws. <"Are you mocking me? Get off the damn bus!"> he insisted, shooting a finger at the side door.
Mark knew then what was happening. He knew it would happen eventually, but he wasn't entirely prepared for the sensation of the event itself. Still, he retained his composure. "Please leave me be, sir." he said firmly.
The man, clearly knowing that he wasn't going to get his way alone, stormed up to the driver's seat and demanded Mark to be removed from the vehicle. <"Buddy, the guy ain't causin' no trouble. You leave 'em alone or you're walkin'."> the driver said matter-of-factly.
The man, finally understanding his place in the proceedings, shot a nasty look Mark's way, and stepped off the bus.

"That guy on the bus surprised me. I've noticed that nobody here's all that subtle, but nobody's been that forward thus far." said Mark, recounting yesterday's encounter with a concerned citizen on public transport.
Rilk'r, Mark's companion at the cafeteria table, nodded along to the human's retelling, aware of the encounter in question from today's episode of MarkWatch. <"Don't let 'em get to you. You really shouldn't have to put up with that shit, but if it's just a handful of belligerent dicks, you don't have much to worry about. You stay the course, and they'll get over it eventually.">
While Mark wasn't entirely convinced, stressing over factors out of one's control did little good. "Yeah."
The conversation paused as the two men dug into their lunches, picking up again when Rilk'r asked: <"So, how's that gym treating you?">
"Pretty well, actually. It's a bit stuffy, but I can't complain too much. I imagine you learned about that from the news?"
Rilk'r looked hurt. <"The news? I helped put the damn thing together!">
Mark choked on his water, drawing eyes from employees that he had hoped would be used to his presence by now. "Wait, really? You never told me!"
<"I like my customers to leave their reviews after they've put my work to the test."> Rilk'r said smugly.
"Heh. Well, I've certainly seen worse equipment." He would never forget that one squat rack in Anytime Fitness that fell apart the instant he re-racked his bar.
Rilk'r chuckled. <"Glowing praise, that.">
And once again, the two men put their chat on hold while they ate. Rilk'r cleaned his tray before Mark, to neither's surprise, and waved as he returned to work. Uns'la pointed a finger gun as she linked up with Rilk'r, Mark returned it. As his tray neared empty, Arnd, who too was using the break in the day's lesson to eat her fill, came up to the table.
<"You think you could pick up the pace a bit? We still have the last decade of the Crisis of the Peaks to cover, and I don't want it spilling into my free day."> she asked, the tapping of her foot on the tiled floor akin to a metronome with no patience for rhythm.
"What do you think I'm doing?" replied Mark, now shoveling his gravy-soaked wobunil chunks into his mouth at as fast a pace as their size allowed. Before long, and with many painful attempts to swallow mouthfuls in excess of his throat's capacity, Mark emptied his tray. He also made a mental note to, if he ever made it back to Earth, tell Percy about that time he almost took too much meat for his throat to handle, giggling childishly to himself.
After he quickly gulped down water from a paper cup, Mark was ready to return. Arnd watched impatiently as Mark nodded to the guard stationed outside the bar, with her impatience morphing to simple annoyance when Mark paused to pull out his data pad. This annoyance turned to frustration when Mark turned on his heels and walked back toward her.
"I gotta go, T'aro wants me in R&D immediately. We'll pick up with Crisis when I get back." And with that, Mark was off toward the elevators and Arnd was left watching him go.
Jan'u came up to her, licking his jowls clean of gravy. <"What's he up to now?">
Arnd deflated. <"Doesn't matter. Come on, Nelert's Bones is out and I wanna see if it lives up to the trailers.">

Beneath the mountain, with K'ul stalwart by his side, T'aro paced, second-guessing whether this was a good idea.
Yesterday, as the moon shone as a silver crescent high above the city, T'aro oversaw the first test of a circular bone saw attachment to F'ejen's shield-focused surgical tool. The device whirred, the multitude of tiny energy blades blurring together to form a single, uniform disc of light at the tip of the apparatus. With precision, F'ejen lowered the device down on to, in absence of replicated human bone, a plate of what T'aro dubbed 'Malante Squared', a substance that acted as a less refined, less dense x'erren attempt at N.L.N.A, the substance that comprised the hull of Mark's detached cockpit. Upon contact, the saw squealed as it battled its target, but both it and F'ejen held firm, and the doctor soon excavated a near-perfect square from the mass. A few moments after F'ejen shut the device off, he was told that this attachment too passed safety and stability tests. F'ejen nodded proudly at this victory and ticked off yet another test on his notepad he pulled from his breast pocket; thus far, among other tools, he had successfully tested: a scalpel with adjustable length, a needle tip, a drill, and scissors.
F'ejen stepped out of the testing room, discarding his gloves and shoes, and loosing his ears. <"Well, what's next on the docket?"> he asked, softly massaging his aching ears.
<"Staples. Although how you plan on making this work, I have no clue."> replied T'aro, looking over the list of planned tools.
Listening to T'aro launch into further detail of the task's complications, F'ejen couldn't help but think. <"So, remind me; Mark's more or less on your side now?">
<"He promised that the antics were over, so ostensibly, yes.">
<"... Then shouldn't you tell him about all this?"> asked F'ejen, gesturing to the testing room where a team was examining the surgical apparatus.
T'aro looked at the doctor in stunned disbelief. <"Out of the question. If you've read Mark's contract, and I know you have, you'll know he has the legal right to shut this entire operation down at any time he so wishes. The instant he sees us developing this technology, I've no doubt in my mind that his first act would be to demand that development ceases. His second would be to demand a release from his contract, which is also his legal right.">
<"I take it then he still doesn't trust us?">
<"He said so himself."> said T'aro pointedly.
<"And do you think he'll trust us any more if we continue keeping secrets?"> questioned F'ejen, turning to face the administrator.
T'aro turned in kind. <"I am the director of this project and I will not be questioned.">
<"I have been a surgeon since before you came of age."> the doctor stated firmly, letting his experience drive his words. <"I have worked at many hospitals and have tended to very many patients. The longer you lie to a patient, even if the lie is entirely for the patient's benefit, the harsher they react when the truth comes out. When Mark tried to escape, he was in a panic, trying to tunnel away from the force he thought he could not fight. But what do you think he'll to do now that he's come to know us, to adapt to us? I know you have the means to bring him in again, but none of them are quiet enough for you to get away with it."> F'ejen leaned in, craning his neck upward to get face-to-face with his junior. <"You open up now, or the decades you've spent on this project go up in smoke.">
T'aro could say nothing to the physician as he produced a pack of lija from his pocket, bit down on a pod, and ambled out of the room saying that he was going to bed. T'aro stood blinking into the silent air for a few long minutes after the doctor had left, before deciding: <"Not the samples, that's too far.">

T'aro's pacing and fretting was interrupted by Mark rounding the corner into R&D, his face a portrait of curiosity and apprehension. "You called?" he said flatly.
T'aro straightened. <"Yes, I did. I'm glad you could make it so promptly.">
Mark shrugged. "You said immediately. So, what's up?"
T'aro turned, gesturing Mark to follow. <"As you well know, I wouldn't be doing my job as head of extraterrestrial affairs if I didn't look after the health of those that fall under my jurisdiction. I've already made steps to accommodate this in providing you proper nourishment and the personal gym - which I've noticed you've taken quite a fancy to."> Mark nodded, he would be lying if he denied his enjoyment of having regular, challenging exercise as part of his daily routine again. <"Regardless, this is just the surface; I'm frankly shocked you've not yet fallen ill, I'll chalk that up to your immune system being just as hardy as your body. That body, Mister Stevens, however durable, is still mortal. If you were to suffer an injury, it would need to be tended to. You could recover from nicks and bruises on your own, but more severe injuries: broken bones, deep lacerations, etcetera, those would require medical attention, even surgery.">
Mark didn't know whether or not to ease himself now that the man was getting to the damned point, as said point's subject matter put him on edge.
<"Unfortunately,"> T'aro continued. <"The same implacable nature of your physiology that keeps you safe from the same rounds that would put a hole in a x'erren man large enough to stick one's hand through, would similarly keep standard surgical tools from being able to do their work. Thus, when doctor Rour brought forth the idea of using projected shields in place of metal or glass blades, I had to jump at the chance.">
With impeccable timing that told Mark that T'aro had thoroughly rehearsed this speech of his, the X'erren gestured Mark through a door to his left. Upon entry, Mark realized that his initial mixed feelings were nothing compared to what he felt looking upon the implements in person, their pristine, rounded forms catching the light in a way that made them look both sacred and profane, and they weren't even turned on!
T'aro stood beside the human. <"As you can see, we've developed a range of attachments, with more on the way. I understand any apprehension you may have, Mister Stevens, but you must understand that without this, there is no way for anyone in x'erren space to aid you should the need arise.">
"... Have you tested these?"
<"On varying metals, yes. And I can confirm that these tools are up to the job.">
"Then, may I see them in action?"
T'aro knew not to ease himself just yet, but part of him was glad that Mark remained at least outwardly calm. <"If I can manage to rouse doctor Rour, then yes.">
In the tense calm following T'aro's message to F'ejen, Mark found his eyes always drifting toward the assortment of attachments laid out on the table beyond the viewing window, and tried to fit each adapter to a purpose. He was in the middle of inspecting the needle tip when the door opened to F'ejen, who, upon seeing Mark, immediately sported a smile.
<"Mark! How are you?">
"Just fine, thanks."
<"Mister Rour! Glad you're here. Now, shall we begin the demonstration?"> said T'aro as though yesterday's conversation never happened.
<"That we shall."> replied F'ejen in kind.
And after F'ejen donned his surgical garb, he did just that, lighting the space and filling the air with the sound of humming shields projectors and screeching metal as he sliced, drilled, and punctured a sheet of malante2. All the while, T'aro explained the substance's origin, reminding Mark that, given its nature as a recreation of an entirely human creation, he could shut down its production and research thereof at any moment. Mark politely declined.
Before long, each tool, including the staples, had been demonstrated in full, and F'ejen rejoined the pair in the viewing room. <"So,"> he said. <"what do you think?">
Mark thought a moment. "I think that this is not only a brilliant piece of tech, but that it exists for my sake is very considerate of you both." His words, while genuine, were tinged with doubt, something that his x'erren listeners were all too aware of. "I do wish, however, that you would have notified me beforehand, for both the tools and the metal."
F'ejen and T'aro apologized for their lack of foresight and, with a gesture from Mark that he was satisfied with the showcase, followed him out into the hallway.
As the trio made their way back to the surface, K'ul keeping stride with T'aro, Mark tapped F'ejen on the shoulder. "Hey, are you free for a bit? I have some questions I'd like to ask."
<"Of course, we can talk over lunch.">
T'aro was mildly distressed at the apparent desire for him to not be present, but he understood. He stopped the pair, telling them to go on without him as he had to oversee maintenance performed on the gym. He watched as Mark and F'ejen rounded a corner and hoped for the best.

F'ejen returned to the cafeteria table with a small mantan leaf wrap, understanding that Mark went without food because he had already ate. <"So, bud, what do you need to know?">
Mark had loosened somewhat in T'aro's absence, but still hesitated slightly when asking. <"Are those tools really for surgery?">
The doctor paused mid-bite. <"I brought up the idea of using shields as a substitute for metal, why wouldn't they be for surgery?">
"I know, but that's not what I meant. It's more..." Mark looked around to see if anyone suspicious was watching. "Are they really there to mend injuries, are they really there to help me?"
F'ejen laid his wrap down, sighing in understanding. <"Look, man, I get that you don't trust T'aro, I wouldn't trust him either after what he's pulled. But I can tell you straight that this is legit. You can trust this.">
Mark didn't know if he felt any better after having it said to him so plainly. "I just hope they never have to be used."
<"No true surgeon ever wants their tools to leave storage. If I had my way, everyone would always be healthy and surgery would be a dead field."> He bit into his wrap, and Mark agreed.
~~~
Du'fra stepped out through the hospital's front doors, a prescription for pain medication in his hand and a thick cast on his arm. It took time and a lot of pain to realign the halves of his shattered forearm, and by the time the cast was on, the doctors had confirmed that this level of damage could take at minimum four months to heal, and years to regain full strength once he had the internal plates and pins removed. Before he left the ward, he opted to hire a Spare Hand: a robotic arm strapped to one's shoulder controlled by brainwaves monitored by a small headpiece, to replace one's out of commission arm while it healed, held aloft in a sling. Healthcare was a dream in Ta'X'rtana, and thus the only money that left Du'fra's coffers was the hire fee for the Spare Hand, and a handful of chump change for a surprisingly good hospital meal on his way out. He finished his meal in the office courtyard, carelessly tossing the container aside when his taxi arrived.
As the vehicle navigated the city's airspace, Du'fra checked his cruiser's tracker, and found it to be impounded in a lot across town. He decided that it could rot there for all he cared, he still had the cruiser he got in his divorce. He was both shocked and glad that the parasites now sitting in the executive chairs at X'rtan Freight hadn't stolen anything from him while he was out. With that thought, he searched The Flow for any news pertaining to X'rtan Freight, and came by an article reporting on the new Acting Chief Vuk'li's ascension to the top of the company and his donation of 500 billion ker'se to the Men-te Relief Fund to commemorate his rise. <"That brakk fucker worked in marketing before he was hired there, of course he'd pull a stunt like this."> growled Du'fra. In his fury, he instinctively reached out for a pack of first-grade lija pods, and remembered the one thing in his old cruiser that he would miss.
Errant dust was blown off the rooftop by the taxi's arrival to Du'fra's apartment. Air-capable taxi fare took a bigger bite out of one's pockets than a standard ride, but Du'fra didn't care. Once inside his building, Du'fra quickly reminded himself where the set of keys to his ex wife's cruiser were, and then got to work. Where it once felt drab and lifeless, his office now felt fresh, given its new purpose. Typing with an artificial hand was awkward despite the practice doctors mandated before Du'fra could take it home with him, and he continually made spelling errors that served only to add to his mounting frustrations. Even with this new complication, however, it didn't take long for Du'fra to find what he was looking for.
Arnd Kolr's online life was scarce. All Du'fra could dig up was a seldom used Conclave account, the last activity of which was to trawl the forum of a middlingly popular book series and the account of her work hard-play hard daughter. A daughter that, with a quick search, Du'fra found to be in prison for gang activity dating back years. Familial association was not proper grounds for legal action, though, so he had to find another avenue. From news sources, he read claims that she was either hired by the government or arrested and held in X'rtani House until further notice. All Du'fra knew as of yet was that she, in her current position, was effectively untouchable. At least, if Du'fra was alone. It was common knowledge among those who did any cursory research that Arnd had close ties to Mark, someone who, though protected, was in a state of political flux, with talks going back and forth regarding the alien and how to handle him. And if politicians listened to anything, it was money, and significant public outcry.
And thus, the plan was simple: Either through generous donations, the outspoken voices of concerned citizens, or a mixture of both, swing the Council in opposition to Mark, destabilizing his and therefore Arnd's position. This should result in numerous investigations being launched, the likelihood being high that at least one would uncover the connection between Arnd and Vuk'li, putting Vuk'li's position in jeopardy and likely landing him with fines and jail time. The resulting controversy should put immense pressure on him, leaving nothing left to do but keep the pressure up until he resigns. It was elegant in its simplicity.
The only problem was getting started. He would have to be smart with his donations, hitting the sweet spot between being too small to notice and too large to be innocent. And thus he knew to start with his alternative solution; he would have to track down an anti-Mark group. But he was still weary from his surgery, and he wasn't too concerned with losing a day of progress, and decided instead to kick his feet up and relax, maybe fall asleep to reruns of that one talk show with the cute young presenter.
Prime kurjan ribs delivered to his door and top shelf X'ogan reed wine were the night's menu, with entertainment courtesy of one Wer'eled, a host who seemed determined to wear the thinnest and loosest fabric the censors would let her get away with. As Du'fra indulged, his mind drifted back, as it always would on nights like these, to the days of his relative youth. He was a 34 year old up-and-comer at X'rtan Freight after acing his interview for administrating light post in central Ta'X'rtana and surrounds, with a brand new studio apartment financed by his father, and a charming young woman to call his own: Ber'a Neyil. She had energy exploding from every inch of her tiny body and could talk her way in and out of damn near anything, which was useful skill for a saleswoman. On glorious, youthful nights when they were both tired from work and needed release, Ber'a was known to signal the beginning of the night's events by sporting a lacy gown and demanding that Du'fra follow his instincts. Looking back, Du'fra could name little else he enjoyed from his marriage. Time wore on and things grew comfortable, Du'fra couldn't be more content. Ber'a, however, viewed her continued entrenchment in a cozy routine to be increasingly stale, and sought an escape by suggesting to move away from the city. Du'fra disagreed, and thus the couple engaged in their first fight, with tempers and moods only worsening from there. Though it felt like an eternity of squabbling and growing resentment, only a few months had passed since that initial spat before divorce papers were being signed. By that point, Ber'a was more than done with Du'fra, not caring if he kept her cruiser. Du'fra never saw her again. Every time he reminisced on his marriage, Du'fra debated whether or not staying was a good idea, before shrugging and continuing on with whatever he was doing.
Stars twinkled faintly in the gaps between moonlit clouds, and Du'fra began to drift, slowly, into the waiting arms of sleep.

Day broke, and Du'fra was jolted awake by a sudden pain in his arm, the surgeon warned him about that. His unhooked the Spare Hand from his shoulder, the throbbing he felt was an indication that he should probably take it off before he goes to sleep in future. Breakfast was pe'ka pieces drowning in lija sauce that disappeared down Du'fra's gullet with grotesque haste, there was work to do. Simply typing Mark Stevens into a search bar brought up more results than he knew what to do with. Forums arguing back and forth over why he was on Kerc-en and whether or not he should be allowed to roam free; the supremely tacky MarkWatch page that practically begged him to appear on the show; and, oddly enough, a site claiming to 'spread truths' that would have a hard time convincing even the most hardcore conspiracy theorists. If the government was trying in earnest to kill Arnd, then how in the scream-rent flaming air of the Pit was she still alive? Laughable nonsense. Still, his search bore some fruit, with mentions of live meetings to debate all matters Mark, with an unsubtle negative lean in the poster's text. This, he could use.
The doorbell beeped, pulling Du'fra out of his concentration. He strapped on his Spare Hand and went to answer. The door opened to a police officer whose expression was nothing but business. <"Mister Du'fra Neem?"> he asked.
<"Yes.">
The officer glanced slightly to the left. <"Do you have a permit for that apparatus?">
Du'fra quickly flashed the document in question. <"Might I ask what this visit is about, officer?"> He knew he would get the answer either way, but asking helped his confidence.
<"You have been summoned to attend a hearing at the Central Municipal Tribunal, to determine your sentence for your engagement in an illegal Kre'gadol duel. This hearing will be undertaken on the 15th Dawn of Se'te. The full details are listed in this document."> With form befitting a man in uniform, the lawman presented an envelope.
Du'fra took the envelope only because waiting to let the situation sink in would take too long. The officer nodded, and left, the door slamming shut in his wake. A thorough reading of the summons told Du'fra that everything was as standard: He and the other guilty party were to each present a defense either with their own lawyers or lawyers provided by the state, with expected sentences ranging between two to seven months. At the mention of a month shy of an entire year being snatched away from him, Du'fra's grip tightened on the paper. However, he knew that he would have to face this some day soon, and he had slowly been steeling himself ever since he declared the duel that fateful night. Now, he knew there was no turning back, and he was prepared to learn just how much he was willing to pay for justice.
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2020.09.21 02:54 TheAusNerd Debris [Part 42]

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<"Dude, I love playing that when I was a kid!"> said Wora exuberantly over video chat. <"I can't believe they still make it.">
Le'quaren, the only friend Wora could name that wasn't perpetually surrounded by criminals and thugs, sat smiling, cradling her newborn in her arms. <"Jell told me it's getting even more popular at the store he frequents, but he's concerned that if his friends find out he plays, he's never going to hear the end of it.">
Wora giggled. She remembered feeling the same way in her youth, spending a solid chunk of the allowance she received from performing chores to buy a pack of cards just for the feeling of anticipation and mystery. It was simpler then, better. Wora thought. <"Hey...">
Today's lunch was a lonely one for Behn. While a significant portion of the women went to have their bi-weekly video calls, she abstained, choosing instead to get in line for food that, without the rest of the prison lining up for their meals and bringing things to a crawl, was comparatively fresh. The food, surprisingly refreshing though it was, was no replacement for Wora's lively demeanour and barbs at the brainless programmes on the television, which the prisoners noted to now be flickering somewhat; the women expected their food to soon take another dip in whatever quality it had left.
At last, and with a tray on which she swore she could see the scrapings from the bottom of the greasy pot in which her meal was cooked, Wora arrived, throwing herself onto the bench beside Behn. The mood was immediately lifted. <"Hey, girl. What'd I miss?">
<"Just some weather boy waffling on about expected wind speeds during Chill Winds. They're gonna be high, but nothing we haven't survived before."> As she heard the young man read the weather report, part of Behn was glad that Arnd apparently spent most of her time in X'rtani House, she would be nice and warm there.
<"Huh. Oh! Did I ever tell you about that one time when my aunt slipped on an ice patch and fell down the stairs of her apartment complex?"> Behn shook her head. <"Yeah. She was fine in the end, nothing more than a few bruises, but she screamed like a damn siren until she hit the floor. A cop came bursting in looking for his buddy's cruiser, muttering that he didn't get a call for a crime in progress! When he saw my aunt, he damn near pissed himself!"> Wora chuckled heartily, and Behn couldn't help but be drawn in. The two women laughed so hard that they missed the opening to that day's episode of MarkWatch.
The pair watched a man too average-looking to form an opinion on confront Mark on a bus, and a thought came to Wora's head. <"Do you have anyone to call on the outside? Friends, family?">
Behn swallowed hard after she removed her gaze from the television and processed the question. <"No. I hadn't noticed I left it all behind until I realized who I was running with. And before you ask: no, I'm not calling my mother."> she clarified, dim resentment on her tongue.
<"You think she would've called by now, given what you've told me.">
<"She's busy doing gods know what with Mark and all that government crap, I wouldn't be surprised if it was years before she called to talk.">
Wora nodded along as only a friend would, recognizing that words were no good here, and returned to her meal.

<"You reckon he couldn't have gone shorter? Show some arm?"> asked Wora in relation to the tailored suit MarkWatch's presenters accurately predicted he had arranged for.
<"Meh, it's probably fashionable where he's from. It's not my business in any case."> replied Behn, squat lifting the weight of the average prisoner in the complex. It was simple. It certainly wasn't a heavy machine gun, two backpacks worth of ammo, malante plate body armor... <'No, gods damn it! You're past that! The violence is no more! Just squat and breathe, Behn.'> She squatted, she breathed, she felt her thighs grow warm with the effort, focusing on that helped her stay in the moment.
<"Behn?">
<"Sorry, I spaced out a bit, what'd you say?">
Wora pointed past Behn, whose gaze followed her friends finger. Four surly women, with enough muscle between them to convince Behn that they could bend the collective population of the prison into thick knots. They closed in and Behn put the barbell back on the rack. She and the quartet's eyes met, and the clear challenge was recognized.
<"So,"> began a X'etish woman who dwarfed the others. <"Miss Ex-Fang here's got 48 lifetimes, eh? Not bad, pint-size."> She giggled, her yellowed and chipped fangs on full display. <"See, there's something about multiple life sentences that I'm sure you know: You step out of line, and you're in solitary.">
<"I'm aware."> replied Behn, knowing exactly where this was going.
<"So then you know that you can't fight anyone, correct?"> the woman sneered, leaning down so her jaw was inches from Behn's face. Behn didn't notice a X'rtani woman slinking out of view.
<"Correct.">
The woman stood back up. <"Good.">
Behn was seized from behind, a second X'rtani clamping her jaw shut <"Don't go crying now."> she taunted. Wora hollered for the guards, only to be grabbed by the jaw and thrown to the ground by the X'eti, who roughly held her face to the floor. Struggle as she might, Wora was helpless and silent in witnessing Behn's right arm being held out by a X'ogan woman, her mouth warped into a savage grin. <"You learn that we're the bosses in this yard right quick, or..."> And with a visceral crunch that turned both Behn and Wora's stomach, the woman bit down on Behn's thumb, removing it at the base. She spat it on the ground and chuckled, her jowls splotched with bloody yellow. Behn, pain and disgust twisting inside her, swayed at the sight of her own blood. Finally, the guards arrived, detaining the perpetrators. Upon her attacker's seizure, gore-induced vomit spilled from Behn's newly unclamped jaw, and she staggered to the floor, lightheaded and queasy.
As the assailants were taken away, a guard administered basic first aid to Behn while calling for a medical team for the two victims. Before long, a team arrived with a mag-lifted bed for Behn, they immediately administered an anesthetic and antibiotics to the wound, and they rushed Behn off to the prison station's medical ward. Wora, her head throbbing, was helped off the ground by the guard who stood beside Behn, and was led from the yard as she explained the altercation.

Wora's impatience was not due to the aches she felt as her injuries were examined in the medical ward.
<"You appear to have a mild concussion and some bruising."> noted the doctor. The guard present relayed this information to her fellow officers in Wora's arm of the prison. <"There's no cure for a concussion but rest and limiting stimulus; no television, no major physical activity, and keep socializing to a minimum for the next few days. I'll have pills regularly sent to your cell to help with pain, and I'll arrange for your meals to be sent to your cell, too. In the meantime, I can provide you with a blindfold and earmuffs to help limit stimulus."> The physician filled out application forms as she spoke. <"You should begin to first see results in a few days, and I'll have you come in for an examination in seven days.">
<"Fine, cool, whatever."> said Wora. <"Is Behn going to be okay?">
<"Your cellmate? Due to patient confidentiality, I can't give that information away. But I'll ask her if it's okay, and we'll go from there.">
<"Yes, please."> Restlessness was thick in her tone.
The doctor blinked at her for a moment, before turning back to her computer. <"Alright. We'll arrange someone to visit you in your cell as soon as possible."> She turned to the guard, handing her the stimulus-limiting headwear. <"Shel, please escort Miss Lakk back to her cell, and be sure to take the quiet routes.">
<"Of course, Doctor. You heard her, get these on you and I'll get you back safe."> the officer held the blindfold and earmuffs out to Wora, who took them begrudgingly.
The blindfold didn't so much as blind Wora, but rather kept her vision dim, which she admittedly appreciated given her injury, the earmuffs too aided in the easing of her headache; they didn't help ease the throbbing she felt from her bruises, though.
When Wora arrived back at her cell, she saw some pills already arranged on her bedside table; they tasted like everything and nothing at the same time, she nearly gagged. After chasing her medication with some water, she slumped down onto the bed and dozed, her body seemingly responding to the doctor's orders.
She later woke with a start as a guard outside her cell called for her attention. <"Miss Kell? Miss Kolr would like to see you in the medical ward, I'm here to escort you.">
Wora didn't miss a beat, immediately following the guard through the passageways prisoners usually only got to see if they were in deep trouble, add-years-onto-your-sentence trouble. All the way, she was thankful for the headwear provided, and was finally deposited into the medical ward after an uneventful journey. A doctor, noticeably armed - it was a prison, after all - directed Wora to Behn's bed.
Behn laid propped up in a hospital bed with her eyes closed, grimacing in pain. Her right arm and hand were held still by braces as a tissue replicator went to work reattaching her thumb with new bone, muscle fibers, and skin weaved from their constituent components coded with her DNA, given in a sample taken from the shredded stump of her thumb. Wora noticed that a small curtain had been set up to block Behn's view of her automated operation.
<"Behn, it's me."> said Wora, sitting by her bedside.
Behn's eyes slowly opened, brightening when her friend came into focus. <"Hey sis. Wh-ugh, what's with the sleepwear?"> she asked sardonically.
<"Concussion, but I'll be fine. How about you?">
<"I should be okay, too. The doc said that this should take just fine, given that it's mostly a reattachment. At best, I'm looking at minor scars.">
Wora raised an eyebrow. <"And at worst?">
<"My body rejects the new tissue, my thumb falls off, and they try again."> Behn explained nonchalantly, as though the sight of such wouldn't result in her puking again.
<"Ah."> Though her tone didn't show it, in truth, Wora was truly relieved that her friend, despite her gruesome injury, was still in high spirits. One question remained, however. <"So, you're looking at a stint in solitary?">
<"Nah, enough of the girls in the yard vouched for me that I'm off the hook this time. I got told that those dry cunts are in lockdown for half a month and their pay's been slashed. Next time they jump someone, they're in solitary for a month, with an extra month for each following attack. And the best part, I now have express permission to defend myself from those four in future."> Behn giggled. <"I mean, so long as I don't break anything.">
<"Oh, thank the gods, I didn't want to lose you."> expressed Wora, not realizing until after she had said it that she said the quiet part out loud.
<"Aww, you would've missed me?"> Behn barbed.
Wora knew there was no backing out now. <"Of course, you dumbass! You're the only cellmate I can name that I've gotten along with.">
Listening to Wora lay herself bare, Behn couldn't remember the last time her presence made someone genuinely happy beyond her deft handling of a firearm. She smiled warmly and extended her uninjured arm toward her friend, placing her hand on Wora's knee. <"Hey, I'm not shut in a hole just yet, so buck up!">
Wora sighed, content. <"You're right. Just don't go scaring me like that again, okay?">
<"Sure, sis.">
<"So, how long did the doc say you'd be stuck here for?">
<"They reckon they'll see if this'll take in a day or so. If it does, I'm free to go. Well, as free as I can be on this rock, at least. I'll be back to see your lack of modesty again soon.">
Wora's expression grew smug. <"You know you love it."> she mocked.
Behn sniggered, transitioning into full on laughter when Wora mockingly began lifting her shirt. Wora joined in, letting the joy of the moment wash away any lingering doubts and worries. Now she knew that she, her friend, and their bond, was safe.
~~~
The bus glode smoothly past shop-lined streets as Mark stared out the window, attempting to map out the city in his mind while wondering where he could get a set of headphones built for his ears. It stopped outside a family-owned grocer to let waiting passengers board. Before the bus could take off again, a thin man carrying a basket of food approached Mark.
<"What're you doing here?"> he asked belligerently.
Mark was shaken from his window watching by the man's question. "Can I help you?" he asked politely.
<"This bus isn't built for you."> the basket-carrier stated with certainty. <"Get off.">
Mark blinked. "... Pardon?"
The man's already scowl-creased face scrunched further, his jowls parted just enough for a thin white line of fangs to be visible between his jaws. <"Are you mocking me? Get off the damn bus!"> he insisted, shooting a finger at the side door.
Mark knew then what was happening. He knew it would happen eventually, but he wasn't entirely prepared for the sensation of the event itself. Still, he retained his composure. "Please leave me be, sir." he said firmly.
The man, clearly knowing that he wasn't going to get his way alone, stormed up to the driver's seat and demanded Mark to be removed from the vehicle. <"Buddy, the guy ain't causin' no trouble. You leave 'em alone or you're walkin'."> the driver said matter-of-factly.
The man, finally understanding his place in the proceedings, shot a nasty look Mark's way, and stepped off the bus.

"That guy on the bus surprised me. I've noticed that nobody here's all that subtle, but nobody's been that forward thus far." said Mark, recounting yesterday's encounter with a concerned citizen on public transport.
Rilk'r, Mark's companion at the cafeteria table, nodded along to the human's retelling, aware of the encounter in question from today's episode of MarkWatch. <"Don't let 'em get to you. You really shouldn't have to put up with that shit, but if it's just a handful of belligerent dicks, you don't have much to worry about. You stay the course, and they'll get over it eventually.">
While Mark wasn't entirely convinced, stressing over factors out of one's control did little good. "Yeah."
The conversation paused as the two men dug into their lunches, picking up again when Rilk'r asked: <"So, how's that gym treating you?">
"Pretty well, actually. It's a bit stuffy, but I can't complain too much. I imagine you learned about that from the news?"
Rilk'r looked hurt. <"The news? I helped put the damn thing together!">
Mark choked on his water, drawing eyes from employees that he had hoped would be used to his presence by now. "Wait, really? You never told me!"
<"I like my customers to leave their reviews after they've put my work to the test."> Rilk'r said smugly.
"Heh. Well, I've certainly seen worse equipment." He would never forget that one squat rack in Anytime Fitness that fell apart the instant he re-racked his bar.
Rilk'r chuckled. <"Glowing praise, that.">
And once again, the two men put their chat on hold while they ate. Rilk'r cleaned his tray before Mark, to neither's surprise, and waved as he returned to work. Uns'la pointed a finger gun as she linked up with Rilk'r, Mark returned it. As his tray neared empty, Arnd, who too was using the break in the day's lesson to eat her fill, came up to the table.
<"You think you could pick up the pace a bit? We still have the last decade of the Crisis of the Peaks to cover, and I don't want it spilling into my free day."> she asked, the tapping of her foot on the tiled floor akin to a metronome with no patience for rhythm.
"What do you think I'm doing?" replied Mark, now shoveling his gravy-soaked wobunil chunks into his mouth at as fast a pace as their size allowed. Before long, and with many painful attempts to swallow mouthfuls in excess of his throat's capacity, Mark emptied his tray. He also made a mental note to, if he ever made it back to Earth, tell Percy about that time he almost took too much meat for his throat to handle, giggling childishly to himself.
After he quickly gulped down water from a paper cup, Mark was ready to return. Arnd watched impatiently as Mark nodded to the guard stationed outside the bar, with her impatience morphing to simple annoyance when Mark paused to pull out his data pad. This annoyance turned to frustration when Mark turned on his heels and walked back toward her.
"I gotta go, T'aro wants me in R&D immediately. We'll pick up with Crisis when I get back." And with that, Mark was off toward the elevators and Arnd was left watching him go.
Jan'u came up to her, licking his jowls clean of gravy. <"What's he up to now?">
Arnd deflated. <"Doesn't matter. Come on, Nelert's Bones is out and I wanna see if it lives up to the trailers.">

Beneath the mountain, with K'ul stalwart by his side, T'aro paced, second-guessing whether this was a good idea.
Yesterday, as the moon shone as a silver crescent high above the city, T'aro oversaw the first test of a circular bone saw attachment to F'ejen's shield-focused surgical tool. The device whirred, the multitude of tiny energy blades blurring together to form a single, uniform disc of light at the tip of the apparatus. With precision, F'ejen lowered the device down on to, in absence of replicated human bone, a plate of what T'aro dubbed 'Malante Squared', a substance that acted as a less refined, less dense x'erren attempt at N.L.N.A, the substance that comprised the hull of Mark's detached cockpit. Upon contact, the saw squealed as it battled its target, but both it and F'ejen held firm, and the doctor soon excavated a near-perfect square from the mass. A few moments after F'ejen shut the device off, he was told that this attachment too passed safety and stability tests. F'ejen nodded proudly at this victory and ticked off yet another test on his notepad he pulled from his breast pocket; thus far, among other tools, he had successfully tested: a scalpel with adjustable length, a needle tip, a drill, and scissors.
F'ejen stepped out of the testing room, discarding his gloves and shoes, and loosing his ears. <"Well, what's next on the docket?"> he asked, softly massaging his aching ears.
<"Staples. Although how you plan on making this work, I have no clue."> replied T'aro, looking over the list of planned tools.
Listening to T'aro launch into further detail of the task's complications, F'ejen couldn't help but think. <"So, remind me; Mark's more or less on your side now?">
<"He promised that the antics were over, so ostensibly, yes.">
<"... Then shouldn't you tell him about all this?"> asked F'ejen, gesturing to the testing room where a team was examining the surgical apparatus.
T'aro looked at the doctor in stunned disbelief. <"Out of the question. If you've read Mark's contract, and I know you have, you'll know he has the legal right to shut this entire operation down at any time he so wishes. The instant he sees us developing this technology, I've no doubt in my mind that his first act would be to demand that development ceases. His second would be to demand a release from his contract, which is also his legal right.">
<"I take it then he still doesn't trust us?">
<"He said so himself."> said T'aro pointedly.
<"And do you think he'll trust us any more if we continue keeping secrets?"> questioned F'ejen, turning to face the administrator.
T'aro turned in kind. <"I am the director of this project and I will not be questioned.">
<"I have been a surgeon since before you came of age."> the doctor stated firmly, letting his experience drive his words. <"I have worked at many hospitals and have tended to very many patients. The longer you lie to a patient, even if the lie is entirely for the patient's benefit, the harsher they react when the truth comes out. When Mark tried to escape, he was in a panic, trying to tunnel away from the force he thought he could not fight. But what do you think he'll to do now that he's come to know us, to adapt to us? I know you have the means to bring him in again, but none of them are quiet enough for you to get away with it."> F'ejen leaned in, craning his neck upward to get face-to-face with his junior. <"You open up now, or the decades you've spent on this project go up in smoke.">
T'aro could say nothing to the physician as he produced a pack of lija from his pocket, bit down on a pod, and ambled out of the room saying that he was going to bed. T'aro stood blinking into the silent air for a few long minutes after the doctor had left, before deciding: <"Not the samples, that's too far.">

T'aro's pacing and fretting was interrupted by Mark rounding the corner into R&D, his face a portrait of curiosity and apprehension. "You called?" he said flatly.
T'aro straightened. <"Yes, I did. I'm glad you could make it so promptly.">
Mark shrugged. "You said immediately. So, what's up?"
T'aro turned, gesturing Mark to follow. <"As you well know, I wouldn't be doing my job as head of extraterrestrial affairs if I didn't look after the health of those that fall under my jurisdiction. I've already made steps to accommodate this in providing you proper nourishment and the personal gym - which I've noticed you've taken quite a fancy to."> Mark nodded, he would be lying if he denied his enjoyment of having regular, challenging exercise as part of his daily routine again. <"Regardless, this is just the surface; I'm frankly shocked you've not yet fallen ill, I'll chalk that up to your immune system being just as hardy as your body. That body, Mister Stevens, however durable, is still mortal. If you were to suffer an injury, it would need to be tended to. You could recover from nicks and bruises on your own, but more severe injuries: broken bones, deep lacerations, etcetera, those would require medical attention, even surgery.">
Mark didn't know whether or not to ease himself now that the man was getting to the damned point, as said point's subject matter put him on edge.
<"Unfortunately,"> T'aro continued. <"The same implacable nature of your physiology that keeps you safe from the same rounds that would put a hole in a x'erren man large enough to stick one's hand through, would similarly keep standard surgical tools from being able to do their work. Thus, when doctor Rour brought forth the idea of using projected shields in place of metal or glass blades, I had to jump at the chance.">
With impeccable timing that told Mark that T'aro had thoroughly rehearsed this speech of his, the X'erren gestured Mark through a door to his left. Upon entry, Mark realized that his initial mixed feelings were nothing compared to what he felt looking upon the implements in person, their pristine, rounded forms catching the light in a way that made them look both sacred and profane, and they weren't even turned on!
T'aro stood beside the human. <"As you can see, we've developed a range of attachments, with more on the way. I understand any apprehension you may have, Mister Stevens, but you must understand that without this, there is no way for anyone in x'erren space to aid you should the need arise.">
"... Have you tested these?"
<"On varying metals, yes. And I can confirm that these tools are up to the job.">
"Then, may I see them in action?"
T'aro knew not to ease himself just yet, but part of him was glad that Mark remained at least outwardly calm. <"If I can manage to rouse doctor Rour, then yes.">
In the tense calm following T'aro's message to F'ejen, Mark found his eyes always drifting toward the assortment of attachments laid out on the table beyond the viewing window, and tried to fit each adapter to a purpose. He was in the middle of inspecting the needle tip when the door opened to F'ejen, who, upon seeing Mark, immediately sported a smile.
<"Mark! How are you?">
"Just fine, thanks."
<"Mister Rour! Glad you're here. Now, shall we begin the demonstration?"> said T'aro as though yesterday's conversation never happened.
<"That we shall."> replied F'ejen in kind.
And after F'ejen donned his surgical garb, he did just that, lighting the space and filling the air with the sound of humming shields projectors and screeching metal as he sliced, drilled, and punctured a sheet of malante2. All the while, T'aro explained the substance's origin, reminding Mark that, given its nature as a recreation of an entirely human creation, he could shut down its production and research thereof at any moment. Mark politely declined.
Before long, each tool, including the staples, had been demonstrated in full, and F'ejen rejoined the pair in the viewing room. <"So,"> he said. <"what do you think?">
Mark thought a moment. "I think that this is not only a brilliant piece of tech, but that it exists for my sake is very considerate of you both." His words, while genuine, were tinged with doubt, something that his x'erren listeners were all too aware of. "I do wish, however, that you would have notified me beforehand, for both the tools and the metal."
F'ejen and T'aro apologized for their lack of foresight and, with a gesture from Mark that he was satisfied with the showcase, followed him out into the hallway.
As the trio made their way back to the surface, K'ul keeping stride with T'aro, Mark tapped F'ejen on the shoulder. "Hey, are you free for a bit? I have some questions I'd like to ask."
<"Of course, we can talk over lunch.">
T'aro was mildly distressed at the apparent desire for him to not be present, but he understood. He stopped the pair, telling them to go on without him as he had to oversee maintenance performed on the gym. He watched as Mark and F'ejen rounded a corner and hoped for the best.

F'ejen returned to the cafeteria table with a small mantan leaf wrap, understanding that Mark went without food because he had already ate. <"So, bud, what do you need to know?">
Mark had loosened somewhat in T'aro's absence, but still hesitated slightly when asking. <"Are those tools really for surgery?">
The doctor paused mid-bite. <"I brought up the idea of using shields as a substitute for metal, why wouldn't they be for surgery?">
"I know, but that's not what I meant. It's more..." Mark looked around to see if anyone suspicious was watching. "Are they really there to mend injuries, are they really there to help me?"
F'ejen laid his wrap down, sighing in understanding. <"Look, man, I get that you don't trust T'aro, I wouldn't trust him either after what he's pulled. But I can tell you straight that this is legit. You can trust this.">
Mark didn't know if he felt any better after having it said to him so plainly. "I just hope they never have to be used."
<"No true surgeon ever wants their tools to leave storage. If I had my way, everyone would always be healthy and surgery would be a dead field."> He bit into his wrap, and Mark agreed.
~~~
Du'fra stepped out through the hospital's front doors, a prescription for pain medication in his hand and a thick cast on his arm. It took time and a lot of pain to realign the halves of his shattered forearm, and by the time the cast was on, the doctors had confirmed that this level of damage could take at minimum four months to heal, and years to regain full strength once he had the internal plates and pins removed. Before he left the ward, he opted to hire a Spare Hand: a robotic arm strapped to one's shoulder controlled by brainwaves monitored by a small headpiece, to replace one's out of commission arm while it healed, held aloft in a sling. Healthcare was a dream in Ta'X'rtana, and thus the only money that left Du'fra's coffers was the hire fee for the Spare Hand, and a handful of chump change for a surprisingly good hospital meal on his way out. He finished his meal in the office courtyard, carelessly tossing the container aside when his taxi arrived.
As the vehicle navigated the city's airspace, Du'fra checked his cruiser's tracker, and found it to be impounded in a lot across town. He decided that it could rot there for all he cared, he still had the cruiser he got in his divorce. He was both shocked and glad that the parasites now sitting in the executive chairs at X'rtan Freight hadn't stolen anything from him while he was out. With that thought, he searched The Flow for any news pertaining to X'rtan Freight, and came by an article reporting on the new Acting Chief Vuk'li's ascension to the top of the company and his donation of 500 billion ker'se to the Men-te Relief Fund to commemorate his rise. <"That brakk fucker worked in marketing before he was hired there, of course he'd pull a stunt like this."> growled Du'fra. In his fury, he instinctively reached out for a pack of first-grade lija pods, and remembered the one thing in his old cruiser that he would miss.
Errant dust was blown off the rooftop by the taxi's arrival to Du'fra's apartment. Air-capable taxi fare took a bigger bite out of one's pockets than a standard ride, but Du'fra didn't care. Once inside his building, Du'fra quickly reminded himself where the set of keys to his ex wife's cruiser were, and then got to work. Where it once felt drab and lifeless, his office now felt fresh, given its new purpose. Typing with an artificial hand was awkward despite the practice doctors mandated before Du'fra could take it home with him, and he continually made spelling errors that served only to add to his mounting frustrations. Even with this new complication, however, it didn't take long for Du'fra to find what he was looking for.
Arnd Kolr's online life was scarce. All Du'fra could dig up was a seldom used Conclave account, the last activity of which was to trawl the forum of a middlingly popular book series and the account of her work hard-play hard daughter. A daughter that, with a quick search, Du'fra found to be in prison for gang activity dating back years. Familial association was not proper grounds for legal action, though, so he had to find another avenue. From news sources, he read claims that she was either hired by the government or arrested and held in X'rtani House until further notice. All Du'fra knew as of yet was that she, in her current position, was effectively untouchable. At least, if Du'fra was alone. It was common knowledge among those who did any cursory research that Arnd had close ties to Mark, someone who, though protected, was in a state of political flux, with talks going back and forth regarding the alien and how to handle him. And if politicians listened to anything, it was money, and significant public outcry.
And thus, the plan was simple: Either through generous donations, the outspoken voices of concerned citizens, or a mixture of both, swing the Council in opposition to Mark, destabilizing his and therefore Arnd's position. This should result in numerous investigations being launched, the likelihood being high that at least one would uncover the connection between Arnd and Vuk'li, putting Vuk'li's position in jeopardy and likely landing him with fines and jail time. The resulting controversy should put immense pressure on him, leaving nothing left to do but keep the pressure up until he resigns. It was elegant in its simplicity.
The only problem was getting started. He would have to be smart with his donations, hitting the sweet spot between being too small to notice and too large to be innocent. And thus he knew to start with his alternative solution; he would have to track down an anti-Mark group. But he was still weary from his surgery, and he wasn't too concerned with losing a day of progress, and decided instead to kick his feet up and relax, maybe fall asleep to reruns of that one talk show with the cute young presenter.
Prime kurjan ribs delivered to his door and top shelf X'ogan reed wine were the night's menu, with entertainment courtesy of one Wer'eled, a host who seemed determined to wear the thinnest and loosest fabric the censors would let her get away with. As Du'fra indulged, his mind drifted back, as it always would on nights like these, to the days of his relative youth. He was a 34 year old up-and-comer at X'rtan Freight after acing his interview for administrating light post in central Ta'X'rtana and surrounds, with a brand new studio apartment financed by his father, and a charming young woman to call his own: Ber'a Neyil. She had energy exploding from every inch of her tiny body and could talk her way in and out of damn near anything, which was useful skill for a saleswoman. On glorious, youthful nights when they were both tired from work and needed release, Ber'a was known to signal the beginning of the night's events by sporting a lacy gown and demanding that Du'fra follow his instincts. Looking back, Du'fra could name little else he enjoyed from his marriage. Time wore on and things grew comfortable, Du'fra couldn't be more content. Ber'a, however, viewed her continued entrenchment in a cozy routine to be increasingly stale, and sought an escape by suggesting to move away from the city. Du'fra disagreed, and thus the couple engaged in their first fight, with tempers and moods only worsening from there. Though it felt like an eternity of squabbling and growing resentment, only a few months had passed since that initial spat before divorce papers were being signed. By that point, Ber'a was more than done with Du'fra, not caring if he kept her cruiser. Du'fra never saw her again. Every time he reminisced on his marriage, Du'fra debated whether or not staying was a good idea, before shrugging and continuing on with whatever he was doing.
Stars twinkled faintly in the gaps between moonlit clouds, and Du'fra began to drift, slowly, into the waiting arms of sleep.

Day broke, and Du'fra was jolted awake by a sudden pain in his arm, the surgeon warned him about that. His unhooked the Spare Hand from his shoulder, the throbbing he felt was an indication that he should probably take it off before he goes to sleep in future. Breakfast was pe'ka pieces drowning in lija sauce that disappeared down Du'fra's gullet with grotesque haste, there was work to do. Simply typing Mark Stevens into a search bar brought up more results than he knew what to do with. Forums arguing back and forth over why he was on Kerc-en and whether or not he should be allowed to roam free; the supremely tacky MarkWatch page that practically begged him to appear on the show; and, oddly enough, a site claiming to 'spread truths' that would have a hard time convincing even the most hardcore conspiracy theorists. If the government was trying in earnest to kill Arnd, then how in the scream-rent flaming air of the Pit was she still alive? Laughable nonsense. Still, his search bore some fruit, with mentions of live meetings to debate all matters Mark, with an unsubtle negative lean in the poster's text. This, he could use.
The doorbell beeped, pulling Du'fra out of his concentration. He strapped on his Spare Hand and went to answer. The door opened to a police officer whose expression was nothing but business. <"Mister Du'fra Neem?"> he asked.
<"Yes.">
The officer glanced slightly to the left. <"Do you have a permit for that apparatus?">
Du'fra quickly flashed the document in question. <"Might I ask what this visit is about, officer?"> He knew he would get the answer either way, but asking helped his confidence.
<"You have been summoned to attend a hearing at the Central Municipal Tribunal, to determine your sentence for your engagement in an illegal Kre'gadol duel. This hearing will be undertaken on the 15th Dawn of Se'te. The full details are listed in this document."> With form befitting a man in uniform, the lawman presented an envelope.
Du'fra took the envelope only because waiting to let the situation sink in would take too long. The officer nodded, and left, the door slamming shut in his wake. A thorough reading of the summons told Du'fra that everything was as standard: He and the other guilty party were to each present a defense either with their own lawyers or lawyers provided by the state, with expected sentences ranging between two to seven months. At the mention of a month shy of an entire year being snatched away from him, Du'fra's grip tightened on the paper. However, he knew that he would have to face this some day soon, and he had slowly been steeling himself ever since he declared the duel that fateful night. Now, he knew there was no turning back, and he was prepared to learn just how much he was willing to pay for justice.
-----
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2020.09.19 13:04 AutoModerator Weekly Questions Thread (Sep 19)

Welcome to the question megathread! If you have any questions around FFXI at all, this is the place to ask. Scroll down to the comments and ask away. Various FFXI resources are provided in the body of this topic directly before the comments.

ffxi FAQ

Are you a new or returning player? We have quite the list of Frequently Asked Questions that's pretty comprehensive of the questions most commonly asked around the sub. If your question isn't answered there, feel free to shoot in the comments below.

BG Wiki

BG Wiki is a modern FFXI wiki with up-to-date pages on endgame specifics as well as various guides.
It is currently the only XI wiki with an active staff which are always working with members of the community to address concerns and suggestions. BG seeks to be the main wiki of the community. Consolidating the efforts of everyone into one single wiki is the most productive and effective. We welcome and invite all to join us!
  • A thread can be found on FFXIAH.com in which you can report issues with the wiki and read a getting started FAQ if you wish to contribute! That thread is located here.
  • Anyone wishing to join Team Blue Gartr may join the Discord.

FFXIclopedia

FFXIclopedia is a comprehensive general-purpose wiki for FFXI that typically covers pages for each item/area/BCNM/etc. Note: The site has heavy ads when logged out, due to Wikia (especially on mobile).

FFXIAH & FFXIDB

FFXIAH is a website showing the Auction House history & current items for sale in-game, as well as a forum community among other things. FFXIDB is a database website showing drop rates of items as well as monster spawns based of player data collected by Guildwork.

Making Friends

There are various ways to make new friends and meet people in FFXI. The first recommendation is to find a Linkshell via Linkshell Concierge NPCs. If you check these NPCs directly after a maintenance, this is typically a good way to find active Linkshells. Another suggestion is to find a community website for your server; many servers have a Facebook group (some are listed on the subreddit sidebar). The subreddit also has a Discord server for chatting/voice.
This thread is default sorted by new. If you have any suggestions regarding the information above, feel free to send the moderators a modmail. Your FFXI questions can be asked below
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2020.09.18 08:22 SmallStepsBigDreams Autism Related Articles

Autism Related Articles
Applied Behavior Analysis Programs Guide - Top Autism Blogs-01
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By ABAPG Staff
July 2019
The world of autism, including autism research and autism education, are ever-evolving, making the blog the perfect forum to keep up with all that’s new and effective.
While there are hundreds of excellent autism-related blogs on the internet, we’re sure we’ve found 30 of the very best. Each blog on our list was chosen based on a list of factors including the reputation(s) of the person(s) or organization(s) managing the blog, consistency, and quality of posts, and the blog’s website metrics. The latter includes the number of monthly hits, the numbers of Facebook and Twitter followers, and the number of websites that link to that blog.
So whether you prefer to subscribe, bookmark, or just immerse, we’ve got your list of the 30 best autism blogs for 2019.
Age of Autism
With an average 11 new posts per week, the Age of Autism is a great blog to bookmark and refer to often. The blog keeps its readers up-to-date on autism news. It analyzes the environmental causes of autism and current treatment options from the perspective that autism is, in fact, treatable. Recent blog posts include, “A Modest Proposal for the Public Official Vaccine Compliance Act” and “The Neurodiversity Movement Should Acknowledge Autism as a Medical Disability.”
The Art of Autism
The Art of Autism is an inspiring blog written which seeks to inspire people with autism through the arts. About three new posts are added weekly. Each is written from the unique perspective of a physician, therapist, or parent. The blog entries are always topical and informative. They also include lots of information about new art exhibits, neurodiversity panels, and entertainment events.
Autism Adventures
Former special education teacher Melissa Finch runs the popular blog “Autism Adventures.” The blog is a valuable resource for parents and teachers of children on the autism spectrum. Blog posts range from everyday tips (“motivating kids with zero motivation”) to curriculum ideas to use in the classroom and at home.
The Autism Dad
With nearly 11,000 Facebook fans and 15,000 Twitter followers, The Autism Dad is the internet’s most popular autism-related blog that isn’t affiliated with a large organization. The blog is managed by a father of three autistic children who has made it his mission to “educate and help families like mine realize they aren’t alone.” On average, more than 30 new posts are added to the blog each week, on topics ranging from updates on his family to autism management tips and ideas.
Autism Daddy
The father of a teenage son with non-verbal autism is the manager of Autism Daddy, a blog followed by more than 150,000 people on social media. Not to be confused with The Autism Dad blog, Autism Daddy keeps its readers up-to-date on all that transpires in the author’s life: “the good & the bad, the pee & the poop.” New posts are published about once a month and are written on topics ranging from speech-language pathology to marriage, to tips for new autism parents.
Autism Eye
Autism Eye is the official blog of the quarterly magazine of the same name. Both the blog and magazine are written by award-winning journalists who also happen to be the parents of an autistic child. About two new articles hit the blog each week, and recent topics have included new drugs that boost brain connections, the need for better sex education, and respite centers.
The Autism Helper
While most autism-themed blogs are written by those with autism, or by parents of those with autism, The Autism Helper is written by Sasha Long, a behavior analyst, and special education teacher. This unique perspective makes it an invaluable resource, and the blog posts often include things like:
educational tools and worksheets
answers to parents’ commonly asked questions
tips for working around different behavioral issues.
Autism Parenting Magazine Archives
Most parents of children on the Autism Spectrum are familiar with Autism Parenting Magazine. This magazine has a blog on which it posts its archived, previously published articles. Everything posted focuses on issues affecting those with autism, and topics are varied.
Autism Resources and Community
This autism-focused blog at Stages Learning posts about once per week and has tons of great information for persons interested in the subject. Posts are often written by therapists and educators, and common topics include:
resources
lesson plans
general support
updates
information on various treatment options
The Autism Site Blog
The Autism Site Blog has become an invaluable resource for thousands of families coping with the challenges of autism. In fact, to form a community and provide assistance is exactly how this blog got started. Today, new posts appear daily and the blog enjoys more than 200,000 Facebook followers.
Autism Society Blog
The Autism Society Blog is the country’s foremost grassroots autism organization, so you can be sure its official blog is chock-full of inspiring stories and useful information. Indeed, each of the twice-monthly blog posts is meant to increase the public awareness of common issues faced by those on the autism spectrum. Therefore, common post topics include, among other subjects:
the advocation of new services
latest treatment information
summaries of new research.
Autism Speaks Blog
Autism Speaks is perhaps the most recognizable autism organization in the world, so its official blog was an easy addition to our list of the best autism blogs 2018. The blog is the perfect resource in which to immerse yourself, as topics covered include, among other things:
tips for practicing social skills
answers to commonly asked questions
analysis of the latest research.
Autism With a Side of Fries
For an honest look at a mother’s experiences with her autistic son, there may be no better blog than Autism With a Side of Fries. Eileen, the blog’s author, uses humor and passion to tell stories of her daily challenges and triumphs. She reminds her readers that when it comes to autism, “It’s better to laugh than to cry.”
Autistic Mama
Autistic Mama is a blog and valuable resource for parents, teachers, and other caregivers of children on the autism spectrum. Posts cover a variety of topics, including, among other things:
diagnosis
what it’s like to be autistic
advocacy
Recent blog posts include:
“What Exactly is Stimming and Why do Autistics Stim?”
“Outsourcing Math with Teaching Textbooks 3.0”
“Neurodiversity Doesn’t Exclude Your Autistic Child But You Might.”
Best Practice Autism
Best Practice Autism is the informative blog of Dr. Lee A. Wilkinson, physician, and author of A Best Practice Guide to Assessment and Intervention for Autism and Asperger Syndrome in Schools. Though more clinical than most other blogs on our list, Best Practice Autism is chock-full of valuable tips and information about autism assessment and education. Dr. Wilkinson posts about three posts per month. Recent topics have included:
“Alternative Therapies for Autism: Are They Effective”
“Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Autism.”
Faith, Hope, and Love…With Autism
This inspiring blog started out being written by the parent of Philip, an autistic child who remained nonverbal for the vast majority of his life. More recently, Philip has begun writing his own heartfelt posts. The blog follows Philip’s journey from silence, to communicating via letter board, to his current state of communication. The blog’s authors also write about staying faithful to God during the most difficult challenges.
Finding Cooper’s Voice
Kate is a mother of three boys, one of whom has severe, non-verbal autism. This tough mama began her blog, Finding Cooper’s Voice, as a way to document her feelings. But over the years, the blog has turned into a supportive community of parents and caregivers from all over the world. Kate’s posts provide an honest glimpse into the daily life of raising a child on the autism spectrum.
Happiness Is…: Navigating the World of Early Childhood Autism with One Special Little Boy
Happiness Is… is the delightful and informative blog of a mother of a young child on the autism spectrum. New posts appear monthly on topics such as raising a child with autism, the latest autism industry news, and reviews of autism-themed books, apps, and other resources.
Four Plus an Angel
For parents of children with autism, sometimes it’s nice to hear from other parents. That’s the goal of Jessica’s blog, Four Plus an Angel. Through inspiring blog posts, Jessica shares daily experiences about her family and reveals the ways in which autism no longer defines either her daughter or their family.
Go, Team Kate
Go Team Kate is a social media favorite and one of the best autism blogs on the internet. More than 15,000 people tune in for weekly posts following a little girl named Kate’s autism diagnosis and her family’s challenges and victories.
I Love ABA
Those interested in Applied Behavior Analysis should be sure to check out I Love ABA. This popular blog is chock full of:
free resources
lesson plans
an ABA glossary
autism “red flags”
everyday tips
Tameika, the blog’s founder and main contributor, strives to keep this valuable resource “non-intimidating and simple to grasp” for anyone who is interested.
The Journey Through Autism
The Journey Through Autism is the personal blog of Ethan, a teenager who was diagnosed at age two with high-functioning autism. Ethan documents the ways in which he is continuing to reach his goals, despite his ASD. He also posts inspiring and thought-provoking ideas for the ways in which educators, doctors, and other caregivers can improve their interaction with those with autism. A number of experts also contribute regularly to The Journey Through Autism.
Just a Lil Blog
Just a Lil Blog is a must-read for those readers who are looking for a humorous perspective on what is often a very serious subject. In fact, Just a Lil Blog can be downright hilarious. Written by Jim Walter, a single father of two daughters, one of whom is autistic, Just a Lil Blog documents Jim’s unique and challenging experiences with honesty, humor, and lots of love.
Look Me in the Eye
Look Me in the Eye is a unique blog for a number of reasons. First, while most blogs deal with the autism experiences of young children and their parents, this blog is written by John Elder Robison, an author in his 60s who has Asperger’s Syndrome. Most autism-themed blogs either recount challenging experiences or present educational material. Robison’s blog doubles as a literary serial of his life with Asperger’s and an educational blog with his thoughts on the evolution of the autism spectrum over the decades.
The Mom Kind
The Mom Kind is a website chock full of resources for parenting neurodiverse children. The site’s creator, Alicia, is an autism and parenting coach and uses the website’s blog to share her parenting expertise. Two of Alicia’s children are on the spectrum, and therefore there is a special emphasis on families with multiple children with ASD.
Raising Autistic Kids
Founded by Kate M., a San Diego-based mother of an autistic son, Raising Autistic Kids is “a community of moms and experts.” Kate writes many of the blog posts, and says that even though she’s been a parent for many years now, she is still a rookie “because, with ASD children, the milestones don’t apply.” Other blog posts are written by volunteer guest bloggers who tend to be other parents or experts in the field of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Seattle Children’s Autism Blog
The Seattle Children’s Autism Center is one of the foremost of its kind in the country, so it shouldn’t come as a surprise that its official blog is one of the best of its kind. The blog features all kinds of helpful information for parents of children with autism, including encouraging stories, how-to’s, tips for keeping one’s patience and sanity, and even a blogcast.
Stimeyland
There are dozens of excellent blogs written by parents of children with autism. There are far fewer blogs written by autistic parents of autistic children. But Stimeyland is one of those rare blogs. Stimey’s experiences as an autistic parent herself provide readers with a unique perspective on common challenges, major triumphs in life, and recently, her daughter’s coming out as transgender.
Squidalicious
Squidalicious is the popular autism blog of Shannon Rosa, a self-proclaimed geek, and mother of the teenage Leo, who has autism. Shannon’s blog is often humorous in tone, even as she writes about the challenges she and Leo face, new information (and misinformation) in the world of autism, and even politics.
Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism
For those who wish to immerse themselves in an informative blog with evidence-based articles on autism, look no further than Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism. The blog posts approximately four in-depth articles per month, each of which is written by an autism parent or autism professional.
https://smallstepsbd.ae/
submitted by SmallStepsBigDreams to u/SmallStepsBigDreams [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 04:17 StupidFatHobbit StupidFatHobbit's Filter v3.12.0 - Heist League Launch Release

9/17/20 - v3.12.0 - Heist League Launch Release

Forum Item Filter Page (NOT THERE UNTIL GGG RELEASES PATCH)
FilterBlast Preview
Video Guide
Sovereign General CS
Sovereign Strict CS
Sovereign UberStrict CS
Forum Thread
Custom Sound Example - Sonic 3 Sounds
Sonic 3 Sounds Download

Update Notes:

Aside from the usual leaguestart stuff this update contains further improvements to icons. The design goal continues to be to convey as much possible information as possible using all the possible icon/color combinations available - if you can tell what the item is by the minimap icon you can decide whether or not to backtrack for it without needing to see the actual item.
For those of you who have heavily modified v3.11.5 the mandatory stuff to copy is the Heist section at the end of Section 3 along with the Divination Card section (9). If you're a caster I recommend copying Section 22 (for General) as well as I accidentally made early map rare non-priority caster weapon tighter than I intended. As always I recommend fully updating if you can.
Reminder to EDIT YOUR FUCKING FILTER before league starts; the filter is designed around this. The number of people I see using my filter for race practice without setting it up properly is a bit ridiculous. Watch the damn youtube video and edit section 1 as well as delete the levelling sections that don't apply to you. If you don't you will see a ton of stuff you will never pick up as well as hear sounds on tons of links that you don't care about.
Also remember that the chaos recipe is now disabled by default as of v3.11.5. If you want to do it then you need to delete the appropriate blocks in section 22 - read the comments. If you didn't update during Harvest you should absolutely read the patch notes from the updates I did during the league. I played Harvest a lot so there were 5 updates with a large number of total changes. The differences between the Harvest launch filters and the current filters are quite significant.
NOTICE: there are issues with the uploads on the main GGG site that are preventing me from uploading the Heist filters ahead of time (GGG's fault, not mine). Get them from the pastebins, they won't be on the actual GGG site until the patch is live
Major Changes and New Features:
  • Added highlighting for everything added in Heist.
Noteworthy Changes:
  • Relaxed a number of socket/link safety blocks due to the increased socket pressure of spellslinger and warcry builds.
  • Removed sound from the default div car tier in Uber
  • Shrunk font size on all veiled items in Uber
  • Removed Delirium Orb tiering. They don't drop often enough to justify separate tiers (and are always must pick up regardless).
  • Removed Cluster Jewel tiering. Without the ability to actually distinguish between number of passives any other tiering was useless. Low level cluster jewels that can't roll most notables (<50 ones) still have dimmed highlighting.
  • Shield charge color link blocks in Section 1 are now disabled by default
Icon Changes:
  • All map fragments now use brown raindrops. Karui splinters moved to orange raindrop
  • All fossils now use yellow circle minimap icons. Catalysts moved back to brown circles
  • Moved all fragments to brown triangles and scarabs to yellow triangles as brown hexagons now represent contracts/blueprints (treating them more or less as maps)
Minor Changes/Fixes:
  • Fixed General filter hiding low-tier rare wands and scepters sooner than intended (was 67, now 72)
  • Fixed breach rings showing in Uber
  • Fixed Underground affix single-resist rings missing a border
  • Further tiering adjustments to influenced highlighting
  • Cleaned up Section 21 a bit
  • 5L minimap icon now shows again in strict (still has no sound)
As usual, the best way to stay up to date on the filter is to follow the forum thread or to add me ingame. With the filter's increasing popularity, the best way to ask me questions about it is over my stream twitch.tv/sfhobbit as I simply cannot type while playing. Any lengthy inquiries will always be directed to the stream if it is online. Since I keep getting asked I have also finally set up a donation link for those who want to support the filter.
submitted by StupidFatHobbit to pathofexile [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 12:31 CaptainGordan Throwback Write-Up #20: NB Ridaz - NB RIdaz.com

Artist: NB Ridaz
Album: NB Ridaz.com
Label: Upstairs Records
Released: April 4th, 2004
Background
NB Ridaz, formally known as Nastyboy Klick, are a Hip Hop/R&B group out of Phoenix Arizona. Started by MC Magic, the group became popular locally by selling their CDs at swap meets and making personalized songs of their hits for people. They dropped two albums under the Nastyboy Klick moniker, one of which had one of their most successful singles with “Lost In Love”. Their debut also had the hit “Down For Yours” featuring Roger Troutman, who laid down the chorus with his signature talkbox singing. That sound would become a staple in NB Ridaz’s future hits. With the name officially change to NB Ridaz, they dropped Invasion in 2001, with the hit song “Runaway” In 2004 they dropped NB Ridaz.com, their most successful album to date, spawning hits like “Notice Me” “So Fly” and “Pretty Girl”. The influence Roger Troutman had instilled on the group’s sound is especially prominent here, with the talkbox chorus on “Wishin on a Star” and “Pretty Girl” This album also served to promote their website NBRidaz.com, where they sold merchandise and promoted their personalized songs that fans can put requests for. Although the site is no longer active you are able to see remnants of the site if you use the wayback machine.
Intro
I wanted to preface by saying that the reason I chose this album was because it was huge among Hispanics/Latinos in the US. and in Latin America, but I feel like they are largely unknown to this forum and non-hispanic hip hop listeners. I realized I lived in a bit of a bubble when I overestimated their general popularity on this sub. Living in a large Mexican community, the album and songs like “So Fly” and “Pretty Girl” were inescapable and most girls I went to middle school with including my sister had a crush on MC Magic. I talked about them once in the DD a while back when someone brought up Soulja Boy’s influence by using the internet to blow up and being the supposed first one to really use the internet, and I mentioned how NB Ridaz were using their website to promote personalized songs before Soulja Boy was active, which was then downvoted and followed by a “Who?” response. Anyways after that and testing the waters by posting “Pretty Girl” (which was downvoted), I became aware of that bubble and how the album is not known to the general hip hop audience. To be fair, even when the album was in heavy rotation during release, I noticed it was more popular among girls than dudes, and this sub/website isn’t exactly known for their demographics in the women department.
Review
One thing about this album is that almost every single song has to do with love or intimacy, whether that be the pursuit and wooing of a new partner, cultivating and strengthening of relationships, or lamenting of past relations, probably why it was more popular with girls than dude.
The album kicks off with a forgettable intro followed by U Got Me Hot, which is just a fun song about meeting women at the club and a good track to kick off the album.
Now she was rockin hot jeans
Low-cut baby tee
Hotter than the Fourth of July in A Z
I mean I'm trippin, I couldn't even think
Booty so thick she can hold two drinks
Next is Pretty Girl. Though it wasn’t the leading single on the album, it is probably the most popular song from this album after Notice Me. With a smooth beat reminiscent of 90’s G-Funk, and a chorus and verses backed up by the talkbox singing that they picked up from Roger Troutman, this song has everything that makes it both timeless and a callback to the group’s roots. My favorite part has to be MC Magic’s verse, as he blesses us by alternating his rhymes between English and Spanish seamlessly.
Si tu supieras lo que siento
Cada vez
Que me pongo a pensar en todos los momentos
All the good times we've had, me and you, you and I
Hot summer nights, making love in July
The only girl that didn't give it on the first night
Una mujer incomparable, Imma love her life
After Pretty Girl and, the album transitions to its raunchier side with the lead single So Fly. One small detail I always liked about this song is that each member comes in with a short intro setup before their verse starts, with Zig Zag and MC Magic singing their first lines before rapping, and the DJ Scratching on the beginning of Dos’s verse, I thought it was a pretty neat touch. Zig Zag’s verse is iconic too and etched in my childhood since my sister had this song on loop on her boombox.
I know, I been on the road and away from home
But I been fiendin' for you
Dreaming of you
And what I'm gonna do when I have you alone
You heard the message
On your cellphone, me sayin' "Daddy's home"
I'm about to put it down, got you runnin' around
Half-naked around the house
And this isn't just fast sex
We makin' love until we both climax
Next up Tu Eres, a love ballad sung entirely in Spanish. The lines are a bit cheesy, but since it’s a love ballad it’s expected. If you get serious with a Latina who’s in her late 20’s/early 30’s, you’ll get bonus points if you play this for her.
Despertando una manana pensando en ti
Tus brazos y besos los quiero sentir
Yo te quiero y te amo que haria sin ti?
Un angel que Dios me enviado a mi
On Wishin’, the song revolves around getting hurt by being broken up with by an ex, but still wanting them back. Though it sounds great rapping and beat-wise, and the chorus is nice as hell, it’s my least favorite song on the album on subject matter alone. After that the album gets more upbeat on Playaz. Dope hook, classic beat, and great verses all around where NB Ridaz affiliates 'The Hav Nots' lay down some good verses.
The album then does a 180 with 4-Ever, a song about committing to be with your partner forever. The chorus features singer Angelina combined with the talkbox singing by the NB Ridaz. Though this is one of multiple tracks on the album that feature the talkbox singing chorus, and not even the only one that also features Angelina on the chorus, they still manage to get creative with it. Next up is Notice Me, which was probably the song that got the most radio play in my area and in general. While being the second song that has both Angelina and the talkbox singing chorus, it still manages to sound fresh and change from a theme of commitment to one of simping.
Until I Die is probably my favorite beat on the album, even with dope 90’s West Coast style beats of “Pretty Girl” and “Playaz”. Hearing this makes me wish NB Ridaz experimented more with guitars on their instrumentals. This song is different from the other love songs on the album in that it focuses on growth in partnership, from struggles to sacrifices couples would do for each other. Featured artist and long-time collaborator Big Gemini has a great verse on this as well
I used to say once you're born you're just waiting to die
And every day in between is just a waste of some time
But in time I was convinced that I was far from the truth
Believe it or not I found truth the night I met you
So just know that if there's life after death I'm a wait for you there
To love you forever for real
Sunshine features the same singer (Mary) who did the chorus on U Got Me Hot, and she easily steals the show on this. This song always reminded of a 90’s R&B ballad, and probably the only song on the album where I think Dos had the best verse. .
Not once not twice but your three times a lady
The comfort of your arms got me feeling like your baby
Ill be there for you lets make love in to memories
Your tender touch and your smile always get the best of me
Never let you go or treat you bad ill give you all i have
I belong to you and only you girl i want you bad
Sunshine is followed by the Lil Ridaz skit, just an obnoxious skit of these two little kids breaking into MC Magic’s studio and rapping. Kinda wishing they cut this because it’s not great. The skit leads us into the next song, Bounce If You Wanna, that uses the same beat as the skit. Something weird I found in making this writeup is that not a single lyric website has this song correctly noted, as every site instead has the lyrics to the Lil Ridaz skit. I wanted to highlight Kid Frost’s verse because he was nice and it was iconic to have the first Mexican-American rapper to blow up on an NB Ridaz track. This doesn’t exist anywhere else so I might have mucked a few words
Collar stay popped like champagne bottles, it’s full throttle
That’s the motto, and I spend dough like I won the lotto
Hit trees like there’s no tomorrow
Still spittin hot shit for you to bump in your barrio
Kid Frost, Two fifths of Hennessey
2002 West, go to push and a half ounce of kush
Went triple x, now there’s plenty of bush
Pornstars and strippers get snatched with one look
It’s the Kiddie crook back with them NB Ridaz
O’s and G’s, flippin pounds of keys
On the regular, there’s no competitor
Take it from the editor, back like the predator
Exterminator, Terminator, Violator, Regulator
And I’m way too smooth than them brand new wall of gators
Kid Frost still a boss and I floss on you haters
Fakes and phonies, and all you perpetrators
Southwest Ridaz is up next, and the album is just the group spitting cold hard bars. MC Magic shines as usual and alternate Spanish and English lines like he did on Pretty Girl, except with more hardcore rapping on this track. San Diego’s Mr. Shadow makes an appearance, who was also popular among latino hip hop listeners in the mid 2000’s, but who catered more to the gangster rap crowd.
MC Magic expands on how the group started in the skit Magic’s Custom CDs, where he recounts how his group were able to establish themselves by making personalized CDs for them and advertises how fans can use the website to request their own custom CDs, and as a bonus he even includes an example of a custom song he made using Lost in Love as a basis. The album’s closing track, Guess Who’s Back was always my guilty pleasure as a kid. Borrowing my sister’s CD of this album every now and then, this is the track I always skipped to since at the time I wasn’t feeling like hearing love or heartbreak songs, so this one holds a special place in my heart. With this and Southwest Ridaz, the group made it known they can drop bars when they wanted to and aren’t just a group that coasts on love ballads.
I didn’t mention the Cho and Lo skits, until now, but they are a series of skits on the album that have a radio duo ragging on each other. I used to like their banter when I was in middle school, but I’ve grown out of it since then
Conclusion
As I mentioned before, upon doing my research for my writeup, I found that I overestimated the group’s popularity and my perception of their popularity was warped because of where I and who I grew up with, being from a city on the west coast where there are more Mexicans than any other race. In spite of their popularity among Latinos with songs that have +10 million views on youtube, they never had an album chart on the Billboard 200, and even their most famous songs only peaked close to the bottom of the Billboard 100 charts. In spite of their lack of reach outside the Latino community, this album was huge for those of us who did grow up listening to it.
Questions
For non-Latinos, did you listen to or come across this album while growing up?
In light of NB RIdaz's use of the internet to push their albums as did other artists, do you feel that their practices are overlooked when discussing the history of artists using the internet to sell?
What is your favorite hip hop album by a Latino-American?
Favorite song on NB Ridaz.com?
submitted by CaptainGordan to hiphopheads [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 16:25 PaulJP Fallout 76: Update 22 Patch Notes – September 15, 2020

From FC Mods

Disclaimer: This is an automated post, taking whatever is posted on Bethesda's news and copying it to Reddit. This is done as a courtesy for any users that can't view Bethesda's site, or prefer to use the Reddit feed to keep up on news. FC Mods are NOT Bethesda staff, and responding to this message won't get your message to Bethesda staff (they might see it if they stop by, but it isn't guaranteed). As always, for official feedback, go to the official fo76 subreddit, Bethesda forums, or Bethesda support page.

From Bethesda.net

We’re releasing Update 22 today, which includes new features like One Wasteland, Daily Ops, Legendary Perks, and the start of our second Fallout 76 Season. This update also brings a number of additional improvements and bug fixes to the game, so be sure to read on to catch the patch notes.

Update 22 Highlights

Update Version

Check below for the update version and download size for today’s patch on your platform of choice: * PC (Bethesda.net): 1.4.0.20 (23.3 GB) * PC (Microsoft Store): 1.4.0.20 (37.8 GB) * PC (Steam): 1.4.0.20 (27.5 GB) * PS4: 1.4.0.20 (35.2 GB) * Xbox: 1.4.0.20 (42.6 GB)

One Wasteland

New Season, Board, & Rewards

Daily Ops

Put your skills to the test by taking on instanced, randomized, and repeatable encounters called “Daily Ops.” Daily Ops are fairly challenging, and so we recommend them for characters who are level 50+. * Our first Game Mode for Daily Ops is called “Uplink,” which will require you to secure a series of Uplinks to track down and destroy enemies that are threats to Appalachia. * In Daily Ops, you’ll square off against enemies from a single faction who are affected by a unique “mutation,” which will make them deadlier and more challenging to take down. * Complete your objectives, eliminate the enemy threat, and you will be rewarded for your efforts to make Appalachia a safe place for everyone. * To join a Daily Op, open the Map screen and find the new World Activity tracker we’ve added in the lower-left corner. * Select a Daily Op from the list to learn more about it, including which location, enemies, and mutations you’ll face. * Enter Daily Ops directly from the tracker by clicking the “Join” button. * You can take on Daily Ops alone or in a team of up to four other players. * Each day, Daily Ops will feature a fresh combination of location, enemy faction, and enemy mutations to keep you on your toes. * Locations: The Burrows, The Burning Mine, Valley Galleria, or Vault 94 * Enemy Factions: Super Mutants, Blood Eagles, or Robots * Enemy Mutations: * Piercing Gaze: This mutation is always applied to enemies the “Uplink” Daily Ops mode, and gives them greatly enhanced perception of players. * Volatile: Enemies will explode on death * Active Camouflage: Enemies will be cloaked when not attacking * Resilient: Enemies can only be killed by a melee attack * Freezing Touch: Enemy attacks will freeze players * Since you will be facing constant combat and deadly threats during your Operations, we’ve reduced the condition damage taken by your weapons and armor by 50% while in a Daily Op. * Like the event “A Colossal Problem,” creatures in Daily Ops will drop ammo based on the weapons you’re using when you take them down. This will help keep your ammo reserves topped off through lots of combat. * You can repeat Daily Ops as often as you’d like each day, and you will receive a base set of rewards every time you complete one. However, there are three additional reward tiers that you can reach once per day by completing a Daily Op within certain time limits: * Initiate Tier: 16 minutes or less * Paladin Tier: 12 minutes or less * Elder Tier: 8 minutes or less * The higher the tier you achieve, the higher your chances to get better rewards, including more XP, larger amounts of in-game currencies, legendary items, and even brand-new items like the War Glaive, which is a customizable two-handed melee weapon. * After finishing a Daily Op, you’ll be able to view an Operation Report, which shows you how fast you managed to complete it, which reward tiers you reached, and a list of the rewards you earned (except for XP and currencies).

Legendary Perks

Legendary Perks are new high-level Perk Cards for players who have reached level 50+, which will help you add even more power and build diversity to your characters. * We’ve added a new “Legendary Perks” button to the top of the normal Perk Card Menu, which you can use to access and modify your Legendary Perk Slots and Cards. * You will unlock your first Legendary Perk Slot at level 50, and up to 6 slots in total at certain level milestones after that: 75, 100, 150, 200, and 300. * If you already have high-level characters, they will immediately have access to one Legendary Perk Slot for each of the above milestones they've reached. * For example, a level 250 character will have access to 5 Legendary Perk slots, and will gain a 6th slot at level 300. * One Legendary Perk Card can be equipped to each slot, and you can unequip them at any time in exchange for 1 Perk Coin (more on Perk Coins below). * Legendary Perk Slots are account-wide, and will be available to all of your characters as soon as you unlock them. * Even your characters below level 50 will be able to equip Legendary Perks in these slots, which gives them access to more power at an earlier stage of the game than your higher-level characters had at that level. * With Legendary Perks, we’re introducing “Perk Coins,” which you can use to increase the power of your Legendary Perk Cards by upgrading them. * Earn Perk Coins by scrapping your unused normal Perk Cards. Each Perk Card you scrap will grant you 2 Perk Coins per rank. * For example: When you scrap a rank 1 Perk Card, you’ll receive 2 Perk Coins, and scrapping a rank 3 Perk Card will award 6 Perk Coins. * Each Legendary Perk Card can be upgraded up to three times, at a price of 50, 100, and 150 Perk Coins to reach ranks 2, 3, and 4, respectively. * While Legendary Perk Slots you’ve unlocked are account-wide, your Legendary Perk Selections and upgrades are separate for each of your characters. * To help give your Perk Coin collection a boost, we’ve added a “Become Legendary” Challenge to the Character Challenge Menu, which awards 50 Perk Coins to characters who reach level 50. * Please note: If your characters are already level 50+, this Challenge will already be completed for them the next time you log in, and the 50 Perk Coin reward will be added to your Perk Coin total automatically.

Design Updates

General

Combat

Items

Perks

User Interface

World

Bug Fixes

Art & Graphics

C.A.M.P. and Workshops

Challenges

Death & Respawn

Enemies

Items

Mutations

NPCs

Performance and Stability

Perks

Quests and Events

Sound

User Interface

World

submitted by PaulJP to fo76FilthyCasuals [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 22:40 Thepher My list of ED websites and links. Recently helped someone with one of them, so here's all of them

https://inara.cz/ Nearest material traders, nearest anything, engineer info, thargoid war overview, news, etc etc...
https://coriolis.io/ Plan your ship build, and see which engineer and material needed for modifications
https://edsy.org/ ED shipyard. Another ship planner with different features
https://www.edsm.net/ Search systems, bodies, factions, with filters for size, rings, allegiance, etc. Also galaxy map with nebula, live commanders, deep space outposts including the DSSA, and much more
https://eddb.io/ Search systems, bodies, commodities, etc. Search single/multi/loop trade routes. And more.Using something like EDDiscovery is how EDDB and EDSM get their data, so...
https://github.com/EDDiscovery/EDDiscovery/wiki ... install that, or something like it, and be a contributing member of society. Also you get a map of your travels, which is pretty satisfying for explorers.
http://edtools.ddns.net/miner Find overlapping hotspots and good sell stations near them
https://canonn.science/ Science, bitch! This is the home of it. They currently have a contest running, so check that out
Colonia Connection outposts The 6 outposts en route to Colonia
List of real nebulae found in Elite Old post but very neat. Has a picture of the real thing for each. Warning: might make you upset that FD hasn't handcrafted more nebulae
http://wavescanner.net/ Shows what the SRV scanner patterns mean
http://elitedangerous.hozbase.co.uk/ Get a list anything cool in the game, like Barnacle sites, Guardian sites, crystalline shards, potato planets, canyon running planets, Brain trees, Gourds, Stellar Phenomena, etc. Also a curated list of "interesting star systems" with good descriptions
Tritium Pathway Network Map of tritium hotspot overlaps for carrier fueling in the deep. If you find a good one, submit it there
Engineering Material location list, by Down To Earth Astronomy All the mats and easiest way to get em.
http://edcodex.info/?m=tools&entry=58 "EDFX adds FX graphics effects to games using ReShade Shader Framework and manage Hud color". I like the stars to throw more glare, I use this for that, with Ambient Light set to mid
https://edastro.com/vid/new Create a video of your travel history, like the one by Malibu linked below
Youtubes: (there are so many excellent creators, it's a huge community, these are just some of my favs)
ObsidianAnt - All the latest news and happenings in Elite. Pretty much the only reason I keep up to date on this game The Yamiks - I don't know how to sum up this Latvian madman, go see for yourself Down To Earth Astronomy - for latest money making, various how-to's, builds, deep-dives, etc EDTutorials by Exigeous - Straight to the point, concise, no bullshit videos. New players with questions go here. CMDR Malibu - did this! Look at it. And a bunch of cool timelapses. Not recently active Thepher - this lazy slav makes exploration videos once per year or less, with timelapse, and music that probably no one likes.
So there. Hope something helps someone. Add more in comments o7
submitted by Thepher to EliteDangerous [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 21:43 CreativeRobert Update and Status Thread 09/14/2020

Hi all,
Since Reddit only allows two sticky posts per subreddit and there's always going to be multiple things we want to keep everyone updated on, I've created this thread that will be edited and updated regularly with the status of items and any major updates.
Attached here is the link to the Diagnostic Tools that might be referenced in the thread if we need anyone to capture diagnostic logs for their issues. For submission of diagnostic logs, we appreciate if you can include your Reddit user name, the Reddit thread which would correspond to your issue (if there is), or a short description of your issues. There were some submissions with only the log and no other information, so it is also difficult for us to corelated the issues that the log is meant for without combing through the entire forum.
📷📷Diagnostics Tool (Public)
Any private correspondence or submission of diagnostic logs should be sent to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]). Please note however that this is more of a community engagement email, so those with specific support issues required on their products are still advised to contact our official Customer Support at https://www.creative.com/contactus/, where we have much more dedicated resources and Customer Support Officers to track and look into various support issues.
So, with that being said. Here's the latest!
CURRENT TRACKING ITEMS:
1) AE-5 Command Software [Close 04/25]
2) Sound BlasterX G6
2a) G6 Power Cycle [close 03/24]
2b) G6 Game/Chat support
2c) G6 auto power down (v1.16) [close 6/14]
2d) SB Command Support
3) DDLive/DTS issue [Monitoring. No active update 06/14]
4) AE-7/AE-9 audio dropout (including channel swap on X570 boards)
5) AMD BIOS Recognition Issue [Closed 03/02]
6) Sound Blaster X3
6a) SB Command failure for firmware upgrade and SXFI Profile download
7) Sound Blaster X7 [close 06/14]
8) Sound BlasterX Katana
9) Windows 10 Update 2004
10) Sound Blaster K3+ (new)
1) AE-5 Command Software
The official SB Command update with full AE-5 support is targeted to be released by end February 2020. We are aiming to release the public beta version on February 14, 2020.
03/02: The public beta of SB Command with full support for AE-5 has been released on February 26, 2020. Here is the list of changes:
- Added 2.1, 4.0 and 4.1 Speaker configuration for AE series product.
- Added lighting page for AE-5.
- Fixed missing input selection when front panel is connected on AE-5.
- Added Encoder Troubleshooting.
03/21 Issues below reported for the public beta has been fixed. We working towards an official SB Command release with full support for AE-5 by end March
- Fixed missing mic boost
- Fixed only able to control 10 LED for light strip
04/25: Official support for AE-5 has been completed and release in v3.4.72.01 released on 25th Apr. The tracking for this item would be closed.
2) Sound BlasterX G6
2a) G6 Power Cycle [close]
The v1.16 beta firmware, which contains this fix, has been officially released on January 22, 2020. This item will be considered closed with this latest firmware update.
2b) G6 Game/Chat support for PS4
The v1.16 beta firmware, which contains support for Game/Chat on PS4 and Nintendo Switch, has been officially released on January 22, 2020. We are still working on reproducing the outstanding intermittent microphone audio cutoff issue on PS4 party chat, with help and support from forum users to help share the setup where they are seeing issues. We have not been able to see this issue internally using exact PS4 model, PS4 firmware version, settings, etc. The team is working to get the exact microphone used by the user to see if that enables us to reproduce this issue.
03/02: We have been working to reproduce the microphone cut off issue in-house with no progress to report at this time. As part of this investigation, we have been working closely with GhostOfficer who has been able to see the issue consistently, ensuring that both the G6 and PS4 Pro model, firmware and settings are identical. We have also purchased the Antlion Audio ModMic that GhostOfficer has used to eliminate potential differences in microphone use, yet we are still unable to reproduce this issue. We have also tested running the PS4 in different environments to see if the user environment played a part in triggering this issue, and have not been able to trigger this consistently.
We have some suspicion that this may be an issue on PS4 itself, where there might be some form of detection within PS4 that will disable the microphone audio if the PS4 determines that the current audio recording is not a valid microphone audio, possibly to prevent issues where microphone audio from some users causes disruption to a chat session. Some threads that seem to be discussing this since 2017 can be found in the following threads.
https://www.playstation.com/en-gb/get-help/forums/playstation-systems.topic.160.20.html/ps4_microphone_notw-vCWB/
https://www.reddit.com/SoundBlasterOfficial/comments/ebi8sv/gamechat_balance_for_sound_blaster_g6_on_ps4_beta/
We do not have any confirmation on our suspicion, but workarounds that are provided by users who encounter this issue, such as keeping mic boost above 0dB, disabling noise reduction, etc., are general actions that will result in higher background hiss/noise in the mic audio, which seems to help to keep the microphone audio working. This is suggesting that PS4 might have some form of heuristics of detecting a valid mic signal which might not work when the microphone signal is too clean. During our internal testing, we did encounter some mic cutoff immediately when the microphone volume level was set to very low, around 4 or 5, which in general is in line with what we suspect as a clean mic signal being part of the trigger to this issue. We suspect that similar mic signal recorded for this particular condition might have occurred during the usage, triggering the microphone cutoff, and we are investigating deeper in this direction.
Meanwhile, for users who can consistently see this issue, we would like you to send us a video showing your connection, the sequence of steps you usually go through from starting the PS4 until you enter the chat session where the issue will eventually occur. This could help us identify if some change in steps that we have not tried might be the key to consistently seeing this issue. Please send these videos to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
03/21 : Based on feedback from various users, we would like those in the community who are able to see the intermittent microphone no signal issue for PS4 chat to try out the following sets of values using v1.16 firmware and let us know the results
The following settings are the same for all 4 sets.
- Mic Volume 68%.
- All other Voice Clarity effects off.
- Voice Morph Off.
Set 1 (matching to v1.11 settings) : Mic Boost +20dB. Noise Reduction ON.
Set 2 : Mic Boost 0dB. Noise Reduction ON.
Set 3 : Mic Boost +20dB. Noise Reduction OFF.
Set 4 : Mic Boost 0dB. Noise Reduction OFF.
Please also let us know the model of microphone that you are using. Please send your results to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
04/25: So far, we have only received response from u/GhostOfficer on the testing of the settings. SET 2 is indicated to be the only set of settings where the mic cut off issue is occurring. The difference in the 4 set of settings are only on the background mic hiss and noise that is present in the mic signal that is recorded by PS4. SET 2 is the set where the background mic hiss is lower but least similar to a traditional mic hiss profile due to the noise reduction.
Our theory is that PS4 Party Chat app is doing some valid mic signal detection on the signal for all users, and it will automatically cut off users with mic signal that does not seem to be valid. This is likely to prevent a signal bad mic signal from affecting the entire party chat. However, it is likely that the criteria for detection of valid mic is dependent on the background mic hiss.
We are considering adding a physical toggle for Noise Reduction in PS4 usage, which can allow for users to toggle the Noise Reduction state. Default Noise Reduction setting would be changed to OFF in PS4 mode, so that majority of users will not face the mic cutoff issue. Noise Reduction setting will be remembered separately for PS4 and PC usage, so that this change will not affect Windows user. A new v1.18 beta firmware with this implementation is target to be release for testing in end ApEarly May.
06/14: Official v2.0 firmware has been released on 20 May 2020. Default setting for noise reduction was changed to OFF which is found to be more compatible and does not trigger the mic validity checking on PS4 to determine that the mic signal from G6 is invalid. Users who wish to try using Noise reduction on PS4 will need to go into sidetone mode, double click on the master volume button to toggle the noise reduction On/Off state. Those who do not experience the mic sudden cut off could continue to keep Noise Reduction enabled on PS4, while those who start to experience the issue is advised to keep Noise Reduction OFF. This setting on PS4 is separated from the setting on Windows platform.
We are exploring is there is a way to inject some inaudible noise to keep the mic signal alive in PS4, but this is hampered by the inability to reproduce the issue in-house, which was also the reason this issue took such a long duration to resolve. We are still working on identifying what could be preventing the reproduction of this issue in-house.
09/12: We are still testing out various scenarios to reproduce the mic cut-off during chat issue to allow for the possibility of a future fix that allow noise reduction to be used on PS4.
2c) G6 auto power down (v1.16) [Close 6/14]
Some users have encountered what they described as a low power mode for G6 that occurs only in v1.16. We can confirm that there was no addition of low power mode in G6. We are currently working on reproducing what is reported to investigate it, as well as studying potential possibilities that could result in the symptoms seen. Users who are seeing it could help by describing to us the steps leading to the issues, your device settings, and physical connections. Please send an email to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
03/02: We have not been able to reproduce this issue in-house, and have not received any emails from users on this issue. For users who are seeing it, if you can either describe the steps, provide your device settings and physical connections, and/or provide a video that shows this, it would help greatly in the investigation of this issue. Please send an email to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
03/21: We are updating our diagnostic to collect information related to this issue for G6, and will be contacting some users who can see this issue to collect the information. From the collected data, we target to provide these users with a beta firmware in end March with the potential fix to help confirm if the issue is resolved before releasing it to the community.
04/25: A v1.17 beta firmware was released in mid April to a few users who are seeing the auto power issue and so far, the results have been positive. This fix will be release together in v1.18 beta that will be made available to the community for further testing.
06/14: Official v2.0 firmware released on 20 May 2020 contains the fix for this issue. Engagement with beta firmware with the forum does not yield any negative results so far. If there is anyone who is still facing the issue, please send an email to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]), using v2.0 firmware and attached the diagnostic logs using the diagnostic tools (Link available at the start of this thread).
2d) SB Command Support
03/21: We will be working towards adding support for Sound BlasterX G6 in SB Command. We are targeting to have the official support out by Sep 2020, and to have beta version ready for testing at around June 2020.
04/25: We will start to work on this now that AE-5 support on SB Command has been released. Estimated release of beta is currently still June 2020.
06/14: The beta release of SB Command with G6 support is undergoing internal testing, and should be released for community to test somewhere near end of June to Early July.
08/02: Sound Blaster Command v3.4.84.00 has been released on 30 Jul as a public beta for G6. Please refer to this Reddit thread for more information. https://www.reddit.com/SoundBlasterOfficial/comments/i0e69e/sound_blaster_command_for_g6_public_beta/
3) DDLive/DTS issue [Monitoring. No active update]
Please see this thread https://www.reddit.com/SoundBlasterOfficial/comments/ct80w0/dolby_dts_issue_identified_explanation_and/.
The issue has been identified as a change that Microsoft made to a default privacy setting in Windows.
Here's the link to the latest Diagnostic Tool (v1.0.8.0) that contains the changes for detecting issues with the missing encoder tab. We have change to use a OneDrive public link here to ensure that the community will get the latest diagnostic tool the moment it is ready for release.
Please run the Diagnostic Tools with the link at the start of the thread. Once you've run the diagnostic please send the log files to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
03/02: Since the Diagnostic Tool was made available, we have not received any logs related to this issue. If you have sent us a log on this, please help to highlight this to us by indicating that the log you sent is in relation to the missing encoder tab issue. Also, please re-send the log files to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
03/21: We have not received any logs from users regarding this issue till date. As such, we will put this issue under monitoring and will not be providing any active update. If any users are encountering this issue, please follow the instructions that has been provided and send us the log files.
06/14: It seems that there are still users who are facing this issue, but we are not receiving any diagnostic logs on this issue. If you have sent it but we did not response, we would appreciate if you can help to send again with some indication in the email that the log is regarding this issue.
There is a feedback in the thread saying that one of the community users found that NVidia HDMI sound driver could play a part and result in the SB tabs not showing up.
4) AE-7/AE-9 audio dropout (including channel swap on X570 boards)
10/12 - An AE-9 / AE-7 beta driver that has been tested internally to resolve issues with systems that have had the audio dropout issue is now available. You can download the driver here - https://creative.box.com/s/rpladc8kfu1hg55zbhl5nxhce1uq0eib
10/11 - Good news. With the feedback we've received from various users (many located on here) we've been able to reproduce and isolate an issue that leads to this audio dropout. The internal beta has rectified the problem internally and we will be releasing to the public within the next few days. We will update here once again once the beta is ready for distribution.
12/02 Update: the latest driver is available on Windows Update. We are still looking into audio drop issues when memory is overclocked.
12/30 No Update.
02/05 No Update.
03/02: Currently, the outstanding audio dropout reports are related to high-speed memory (3000+ MHz). We are still investigating this issue, as it is only seen on certain systems.
03/21: We have invested in a new equipment that would help us to expedite and improve our capacity in the investigation of this issue. Due to the worldwide COVID-19 situation affecting delivery of the equipment, we estimate to be able to do that in June 2020.
04/25: The delivery of the equipment we are getting to improve on our capacity for investigation of this issue has been brought forward to early May. We are also working to gather the relevant equipment and systems required to investigate the issue due to COVID-19 isolation measures affecting the way we can work and look into issues. We are still trying to work as best we can within the bounds of such measures, and we hope the community would understand and give us more time during this trying time.
06/14: We have been studying the issues on a X570 system since obtaining the new equipment at end May 2020. The new equipment has allowed us to identify unusual events that occurs when audio drop or channel swap occurs on X570. Currently investigating the issues based on the additional information found. We are currently focusing on the X570 boards for the investigations which seems to be what majority of users facing the issue is on, and will see if the fix for the issues will help users on other boards.
08/02: We are working with AMD to investigate the issues seen on the X570 chipset motherboard.
09/11: We are still working with AMD on the investigation of the issues. We do not have new details to share at this time, and appreciate everyone’s patience while the investigation continues.
5) AMD BIOS Recognition Issue [ Closed 03/02 ]
We have found that new BIOS by AMD turned on a 10-bit Tag Field, which is only available on PCI-e Gen4 devices. This resulted in compatibility issues with all our PCI-e sound cards. Users should look for a setting for "PCI-e 10-bit Tag Support" and set it to "Disabled" to allow our sound card to be recognized. We are reaching out to AMD on this issue.
12/30 No Update.
02/05 No Update.
03/02: There are quite a few motherboard vendors releasing new BIOS. Below are some that we are aware of:
MSI
https://www.msi.com/Motherboard/support/MPG-X570-GAMING-PLUS

Support For MPG X570 GAMING PLUS Motherboard - The world leader in motherboard design MSI Global
We use cookies to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. View our new Privacy Policy, Terms of Use and Cookie Policy here.
www.msi.com
Gigabyte https://www.gigabyte.com/Motherboard/X570-AORUS-ELITE-rev-10/support#support-dl-bios
X570 AORUS ELITE (rev. 1.0) Motherboard - GIGABYTE Global
AMD X570 AORUS Motherboard with 12+2 Phases Digital VRM with DrMOS, Advanced Thermal Design with Enlarge Heatsink, Dual PCIe 4.0 M.2 with Single Thermal Gua...
www.gigabyte.com
ASUS
https://www.asus.com/Motherboards/PRIME-X570-PRO/HelpDesk_BIOS/

PRIME X570-PRO BIOS & FIRMWARE Motherboards ASUS Global
Supply power to monstrous gaming rigs with our Power Supply Units. High-end components and thermal solutions, made possible by our years of industry experience, provide better efficiency, performance, and quality.
www.asus.com
While none of them explicitly mentioned the 10-bit Tag field, we see PCIe compatibility fixes as one of the items that is listed, and we have also confirmed on the MSI motherboard that the new BIOS resolved this issue.
For users who are still encountering this issue, we would encourage them to contact the support of their motherboard vendor.
This issue is officially closed as it has been proven to be due to motherboard BIOS.
6) Sound Blaster X3
We are working on a new software and firmware release that would solve some of the following issues reported. The update is targeted to be released in January 2020.
a) SXFI effect affected by audio enhancement
b) SB Command showing headphone output when audio output is on speaker
c) Disable audio output from both speaker and SPDIF output when headphone is in use
d) General stability and driver fixes
Update 2/05:
The new firmware, driver, and SB Command update has been released as of January 20, 2020. We are working on a newer firmware that would support the microphone usage on Nintendo Switch.
03/02: We are preparing for a new firmware for X3, targeted to be released mid to end of March 2020. The planned changes are below:
1) Added Nintendo Switch mic support
2) Fixed Volume knob not syncing with OS after power up
3) Improved SXFI effect
4) Allow control of optical output volume
5) Support PC sleep mode, device will enter low power mode with LED turn off
03/21: We are currently testing the new firmware for X3. There are some issues found from testing which we are fixing. The release is likely to be happening in end March to early April, depending on the result of our testing on the new firmware with the fixes.
04/25: v1.3.20200406.0200 firmware has been released on 24th Apr. It should be progressively available on SB Command on all platforms. Windows users are already seeing the update. SB Command v3.4.72.01 has also made available as an app update to users to resolve software related issues.
06/14: We are working on a v1.4 firmware release for X3 which should be available soon. The key issue that is resolved is the inability to sync windows volume control through the volume knob after a cold boot or hibernation.
08/02: v1.5.200705.0120 was released on 13 July to address a L channel inbalance issue. We are planning a new v1.6 firmware to further address the issue of audio level being at a louder level than shown on the device.
09/11: We are still planning the scope of v1.6 update. Focus is currently on some outstanding issues that occur only on Mac OS, and also the intermittent issue where audio level is louder than what is shown on the device. Tentatively looking at Oct./Nov. 2020.
6a) SB Command failure for firmware upgrade and SXFI profile download
08/02: We are aware of a failure for SB Command to upgrade firmware and do SXFI profile download for some X3 users. We have identified the cause, and is in progress of testing a new version of Sound Blaster Command that will address the failure to update firmware or download SXFI profile on Windows. Meanwhile, users who are seeing the issue can use Android or iOS platform to perform the firmware upgrade or SXFI profile download.
09/11: SB Command version 3.4.83.1, which contains the fix for the firmware upgrade and SXFI profile download, has been released on 7 Aug 2020.
7) Sound Blaster X7 [Closed 6/14]
We are currently investigating the following issues that have been raised by users. Depending on the results of this investigation, we will look into the release of new firmware, driver and/or application that is needed to resolve these issues:
1) Mic monitoring automatically unmute
2) Direct mode volume control muting prematurely at low volume level
3) Unable to use Android app to control device on Android 10
03/21 Sound Blaster X7 Control (Android) has been updated to v1.00.25 to include Android 10 support. We are aware of some intermittent crash/freeze on this version which we are fixing in a new version that will be release soon
We are also working on a new firmware for X7 with the following planned changes.
1) Fixed mic monitoring automatically unmute intermittently on power up when connected through hub/dock
2) Fixed volume intermittently jumps to 100% on power up when connected through hub/dock
3) Fixed no audio output at low volume level when in Direct mode
4) Improve handling of switching between TV channels that causes short period of noise heard
The firmware is targeted to be release in early to Mid Apr 2020
04/25: Sound Blaster X7 firmware has been released on our support site. Currently, only the Windows upgrader has been released. The Mac upgrader will be releasing in the coming 27 Apr week.
https://support.creative.com/Products/ProductDetails.aspx?catID=1118&catName=Amplifiers&subCatID=1154&prodID=22308&prodName=Sound%20Blaster%20X7%20Limited%20Edition&_gl=1*100gi2n*_gcl_aw*R0NMLjE1ODc3ODU0MTkuQ2p3S0NBanduSXIxQlJBV0Vpd0E2R3B3TldhMFRlYWJqMXh2d3pMT2d2ZXNHVHBFQjltQlF0VTFSNFBwaTRIdE5wdUR5WmlKQWZ4ZG5Cb0MyalFRQXZEX0J3RQ..&_ga=2.68765074.248386921.1587785419-1160703760.1545623535&_gac=1.124398328.1587785419.CjwKCAjwnIr1BRAWEiwA6GpwNWa0Teabj1xvwzLOgvesGTpEB9mBQtU1R4Ppi4HtNpuDyZiJAfxdnBoC2jQQAvD_BwE
06/14: The Mac firmware upgrader for Sound Blaster X7 has been released on 27 Apr 2020. With this, we will be closing this topic.
8) Sound BlasterX Katana
03/21: We are working on releasing a new version of SB Connect to fix an issue where almost no control is shown.
We are also doing some investigation on the issue where audio drop is reported in Windows 10 1903. We have not been able to reproduce the issue from initial testing, and would like users who are seeing the issue to run the diagnostic app to provide us with more information.
04/25: We are doing some internal testing of the new version of SB Connect that fixes the no control shown issue. It should be release in the 27th Apr week for testing by the community if nothing adverse shows up from our testing.
Regarding the audio drop issue, we are seeing it on 1 particular system which exhibits the issue only on the USB3.0 ports, but not the USB2.0 ports. We did a BIOS update on this system and the audio drop on the USB3.0 ports no longer happen.
While this might not be the cause of issue for all users, we would advise those affected to check on this to see if you are affected by USB port compatibility issues. We are still testing on various system to reproduce the issue but so far, no other systems are showing pops after audio playback of 2 hours.
For users who are seeing the issue, if you have not done so, please help to run the diagnostic app to provide us with more information. We hope to be able to find some hints that could help us identify potential systems or settings that have not been tried to reproduce this issue. Please send your logs to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]), indicating that you are seeing audio pops on Katana, and some description on your usage scenario where you encounter the issues.
06/14 : Till date, we have found that the following could trigger the intermittent audio pops with Katana
1) Insufficient power delivered on the USB port.
There were systems with this issue where switching to a different port helps.
2) BIOS update
We have found system that has the issue but is resolved after the BIOS is updated to the latest
We are also testing a new SB Connect release to resolve a detection issue for Katana where available controls are not fully displayed.
08/02: We have discovered some issues that requires addressing during our testing. A new version that addresses the issues found have released for internal testing.
09/11: We have released an updated SB Connect v 3.4.06.03 for Katana that resolved some issues with missing controls and also updated the driver for Katana. We are aware that there are users who encounter audio popping issues, which we are still trying to reproduce internally.
9) Windows 10 Update 2004
06/14: With the release of Windows 10 update 2004, we are aware that some users may be facing issues with your existing products. We are in communication with Microsoft on this. Those facing issues which is triggered by the v2004 update could let us know with some description and information of the symptoms, together with the logs captured with the diagnostic app with link at the start of the thread.
Below is an issue that some of you have raised for v2004 update
- AE-5 volume slider lag
08/02: We have found some change in the number of volume set triggered by OS with the Windows OSD volume set. There are many more set by the OS, resulting in more processing as compared to Windows 10 prior to v2004. We are working on a fix to handle this behaviour change in Windows 10 v2004 that is triggering the volume lag.
09/11: We are working on releasing a new driver for AE series and SBZ series that will address the volume lag issues.
10) Sound Blaster K3+ (new)
09/11: We are looking into reports of audio pop issues with Mac OS 10.14 and 10.15 that users are facing, and targeting to provide a solution in October 2020.
submitted by CreativeRobert to SoundBlasterOfficial [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 21:20 sn0r Help /r/EuropeanUnion

Dear all, Since weneedtofederalize has left and was the main poster of news here, we are hard put to replace him. For this we're going to need your help posting news from inside the EU bubble.
TLDR; Please post news from the list to help keep the subreddit alive.
As our rules state that news has to be official or semi-officially related (or quoting EU institutions directly), this should be considered the master list of news sources for the informed citizen.
If you've spotted any omissions or errors, please feel free to message to us. Also, you can come hang out on our Discord server:
Forum Götterfunken

List of official EU news sources

Main Bodies

Youtube

EU media

Agencies:

Affiliated Decentralised agencies:

Other official executive agencies and affiliated undertakings:

Inter-institutional bodies:

submitted by sn0r to europeanunion [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 05:27 Big-Appointment-5113 A Conundrum

Hey all - new to this forum but not the bowl. Three years divorced - 52 - and in a conundrum.
I’ve been seeing a SB for around 3 weeks. 28 yr age difference: single mom who’s attractive, sexually giving, and low key/easy to be around. Maybe 5-6 dates; intimate on M&G. Affectionate with lots of kiss emojis from her when texting which happens daily. We had not discussed exclusivity but things seem very “girlfriendy/boyfriendy”.
This is not her first arrangement - she had mentioned she had had one before on a different site. Ironically a pop-up for that site came up from a porn page. Out of curiosity I did a quick, fake-info registration and lo and behold her profile was there - near the top saying she was active “Today”. As I let the next few days pass I see she’s on daily (occasionally it even says “online”.) Not the end of the world of course - maybe she’s just bored - but I had planned to discuss it with her to clear the air - until...
I see in my email inbox a POT I had previously written weeks ago has written back. Fast forward to last night - we had a M&G - and it was awesome. Same age difference - but she carries herself much more confidently, great multi-hour conversation, and I’m tremendously attracted to her physically. She gave me her real number right after and we both thanked each other for a great time via text.
She implied that on our next date she’d be ok getting intimate (I had given her an allowance expectation during our initial convo). I’d like to respond.
Considering all the above would that be an asshat thing to do? I don’t think I’m ready for two SBs, but as I hadn’t discussed exclusivity and it’s somewhat early with my current SB I’d really love to see how I connect with this second girl physically - the attraction is really strong - before making a long-term decision either way.
Appreciate the thoughts.
submitted by Big-Appointment-5113 to sugarlifestyleforum [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 13:04 AutoModerator Weekly Questions Thread (Sep 12)

Welcome to the question megathread! If you have any questions around FFXI at all, this is the place to ask. Scroll down to the comments and ask away. Various FFXI resources are provided in the body of this topic directly before the comments.

ffxi FAQ

Are you a new or returning player? We have quite the list of Frequently Asked Questions that's pretty comprehensive of the questions most commonly asked around the sub. If your question isn't answered there, feel free to shoot in the comments below.

BG Wiki

BG Wiki is a modern FFXI wiki with up-to-date pages on endgame specifics as well as various guides.
It is currently the only XI wiki with an active staff which are always working with members of the community to address concerns and suggestions. BG seeks to be the main wiki of the community. Consolidating the efforts of everyone into one single wiki is the most productive and effective. We welcome and invite all to join us!
  • A thread can be found on FFXIAH.com in which you can report issues with the wiki and read a getting started FAQ if you wish to contribute! That thread is located here.
  • Anyone wishing to join Team Blue Gartr may join the Discord.

FFXIclopedia

FFXIclopedia is a comprehensive general-purpose wiki for FFXI that typically covers pages for each item/area/BCNM/etc. Note: The site has heavy ads when logged out, due to Wikia (especially on mobile).

FFXIAH & FFXIDB

FFXIAH is a website showing the Auction House history & current items for sale in-game, as well as a forum community among other things. FFXIDB is a database website showing drop rates of items as well as monster spawns based of player data collected by Guildwork.

Making Friends

There are various ways to make new friends and meet people in FFXI. The first recommendation is to find a Linkshell via Linkshell Concierge NPCs. If you check these NPCs directly after a maintenance, this is typically a good way to find active Linkshells. Another suggestion is to find a community website for your server; many servers have a Facebook group (some are listed on the subreddit sidebar). The subreddit also has a Discord server for chatting/voice.
This thread is default sorted by new. If you have any suggestions regarding the information above, feel free to send the moderators a modmail. Your FFXI questions can be asked below
submitted by AutoModerator to ffxi [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 21:10 seven_N_A7 Everyday info sec, hardcore info sec, and DNMs

Edit: Since first post I have updated a few sections with additional information.
I recommend reading it all even if it is very long, I might have placed some relevant info in different sections while thinking about what else needed to be added, plenty of steps remains mostly the same except when I comment directly on it. It is not necessary to do 100% security all the time, unless you absolutely need it, combining some high and some lower security ideas for a balance of security and convenience is useful.
I will base this mostly on Windows, Linux users probably know this, and I have no idea how apple machines work (tho many things in here are still relevant for other operating systems, as they are just general tips)
Disclaimer: There are certainly other steps that can make you more anonymous or safer, however I think for most people this will surfice. Any software I recommend should be independently verified for security, and examples of software are not to be taken as endorsements. I simply use examples and give recommendations when I believe it necessary, or helpful.
I will not really differentiate between anonymity and security, they are often the same thing. As such the word security can mean either more anonymous, less vulnerable, or both.
--------
Everyday Simple Info Sec:
-There could be a hidden administrator user on your PC, make sure to change its password
(Snapchat msgs, reddit dms, discord msgs, are just a few examples of msgs that are never encrypted)
-Any info even send in encrypted msgs (and obviously non encrypted) should still be kept with possible deniability, don't say "I'm gonna do MDMA", say "I'm going out with molly."
-DO NOT STORE ANY PASSWORDS ON GOOGLE, IF GOOGLE LOGIN IS AUTHENTICATED IT WILL AUTFILL ALL PASSWORDS IT HAS SAVED (same with other similar services) (This means if you are logged in to chrome and someone has access to your machine, they can auto fill passwords without entering a single password)
-use a rememberable passphrase, especially for your master key ring aka password manager A long sentence that is memorable makes an okay password (decent example,: "I met my wife at Little Ceasers for the first time on 07/09/20" better even if it's just something you know, if its impersonal, and if you can add special characters or numbers that you won't forget) (A better example for a passphrase is: "There is 0nly 0ne letter that d0esn’t appear in any U.S. state nameQ")
-Purge your internet activity frequently, there's a reason why I only have one post, and a few comments appearing in my account, but thousands of kama. Exposing information needlessly is not good.
-Never post private information publicly, and if you do, do it vaguely as possible. (Example: Not "I'm 15", say "I'm a teenager") Do not post any vital information ever, no birthdays, mother's maiden name, age, or anything you have ever seen in a security question. Never post your current activities while they are ongoing. You going on a vacation? Don't announce it to the world, taking picture there? Post them when you are home.
-Rethink how you do security questions. Many answers to security questions can be found in your internet history. One could use the first word of the security question as an answer, or a different sceme that will mean you always remember it. (Security question need to go, the amount of personal info an average person puts on the internet makes it easy to attack anything using security question)
-------_
High level crimimal information security:
The motto here is, "All the Security, All the Time" As one fuck up can end with you leaving a lick of traceability, and you could be fucked.
Pre Note: All of your software should always be up to date. Also even perfect info sec does not guarantee you are completely safe, a new zero day (exploit) can still fuck you, but good info security makes you significantly safer, by eliminating as many attacks as possible.
-Get a new device (or make a already owned device seem like you never owned it, do this only if you know how to, there's a lot of stuff that goes into that, like changing your mac adress etc) buy with cash, and your face covered, preferably far away from where you live. (Do I need to specify to not bring your phone or anything else that tracks your location to anywhere you want to go anonymously?) (Be aware that even hardware can have vulnerabilities, many cpus have known vulnerabilities, I can't list them all, do some research before buying)
-If you know how to use Tails (A linux distro designed for Info sec) use that, preferably on a USB. (Or learn how to use tails, its better, but complicated) Otherwise a clean copy of windows (make sure its not in any way associated with you) can do the job too, tho not as well. (Using a VM might give extra security, since VMs usually erase all data and RAM they were using on shutdown)
-Get a non tracking VPN, Enable the kill switch (a setting that disables all traffic that doesn't go through the VPN) (change your firewall settings to only allow the traffic from the VPN, windows guide (Change settings so only traffic from the tor application is send) Edit: (Due to complaints: do not use vpn over tor, use tor over vpn. tor over vpn has no notable downside, if the VPN logs it makes no difference, your ISP will always log anyways, and vpns remove other attack vectors and also provide backup security should tor fail. Again even if the VPN tracks you only change the people doing the tracking, but now you are further removed making it more anonymous and also with less vulnerabilities)
-rember privacy settings, cookie cleaner, and antivirus, password (There could be a hidden administrator user on your PC, make sure to change its password)
-Always use the device on a non admin account
-Ideally use this device only on networks that are not connected with you. Such as public networks (try to never use the same public networks twice, move around) (a home network should be fine now, as it should never be exposed, but more security is always better) (Its just a conveniences vs security trade)
-Never use accounts that have been exposed to lower security on higher security machines
-your browser is now TOR (or your preferred security focused browser, if you dont plan on using onion ) Make sure you get the standalone version of tor not the addon build (the standalone is safer, because there are less settings and options to tweak)
-Change your tor settings, to safest mode, enable a bridge (to my knowledge there's no difference in security between the build in bridges in tor), enable automatic updates, set duckduckgo onion as your primary browser. Set dark.fail onion page as your home page. (Or your preferred privacy search engine and onion directory)
-------_
How to use dark net markets (DNMs)
If you finished your High Security setup, we can dive right in. Otherwise go do that. This is where all that is essential.
Quick info on Tor, and onion sites. There is no search engine. It's all based of directories and addresses you are given by others. Tor will likely not be very quick, it has to pass through multiple networks to get to the destination. DNMs sometimes exit scam, an exit scam is when a market shuts down completely and takes all the money, this is a risk when using DNMs, it's not too common but happens maybe 0-4 times a year. The admins of thoese servers need to get out at some point, before they get jailed, so they exit the game, and scam everyone out of their money.
-A very useful onion directory is dark.fail it has a lot of links, for all kinds of stuff. News, email, DNMs, Psychonautwiki (harm reduction website), forums etc. (Other directories also exist)
-Pick a market, preferably one that handles secure connection server side instead of requiring you to establish the secure connection. Then create an account. Your account once created should include an entry box in your profile for a pgp key, post your PUBLIC key in there. (Verify the link is not a scam, most markets should provide a pgp signature)
-Next is currency setup. All major cryptocurrency exchangers can be used, I can recommend coin base but there could be better ones out there. Unless you find a small non U.S., exchange, they will always ask for your identity. So unless you can find a trustworthy exchange that doesn't ID, you will need to give it to them. (Side note, all major crypto exchangers report to the IRS, if the IRS asks you if you bought cryptocurrency and you bought while having IDed yourself SAY YES, DO NOT COMMIT TAX FRAUD WHEN THEY KNOW YOU DID)
-Transfer (monero you can send directly, btc you should scramble) to your wallet. There are two options a cold wallet (physical) or a software wallet. Software wallets usually dont cost anything so I recommend them, even if often less safe. Electrum is easy to use, and pretty safe. You can also do your own research and find a wallet that fits your needs.
-now you are ready to buy, only buy using escrow (it means the money is held by the market as a middle man until the product is delivered, they will also handle any issues like wrong quantity, cuts, etc), judge the reviews for a product, and if available look at the history of the vendor, until you find a product from a vendor you trust. (I recommend to buy within your country as much as possible, so it doesn't go through customs, it's very rare that something is found, but it can happen)
-now you get to buy, depending on market, you either have cryptocurrency stored in their wallets (not recommend, you will lose it in an exit scam) or you can send it every order. When you send your delivery adress (or the one you want it to go to) encrypt the adress using the sellers public key. Make sure the adress is correct.
-wait for the product, make sure to extend the escrow until the product arrives, if you can't extend it anymore dispute the order, and a moderator will step in
-test the product, use it, and leave a review. PLEASE LEAVE A REVIEW, DNMs only work because of reviews.
Edit: Didn't imagine I would write over 15000 words. Oh well, it was fun. Hope it helps, if you have any questions feel free to ask.
No idea how long this will stay up, I might purge it in 7 days, or never.
submitted by seven_N_A7 to u/seven_N_A7 [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 17:20 PaulJP Fallout 76: Inside the Vault – Daily Ops Preview

From FC Mods

Disclaimer: This is an automated post, taking whatever is posted on Bethesda's news and copying it to Reddit. This is done as a courtesy for any users that can't view Bethesda's site, or prefer to use the Reddit feed to keep up on news. FC Mods are NOT Bethesda staff, and responding to this message won't get your message to Bethesda staff (they might see it if they stop by, but it isn't guaranteed). As always, for official feedback, go to the official fo76 subreddit, Bethesda forums, or Bethesda support page.

From Bethesda.net

Welcome back to Inside the Vault! This week, we’ve got a new Dev Dive video to share with you as we explore what Daily Ops will bring to Fallout 76 in Update 22. We also have one more check-in on Fortifying ATLAS now that it has come to an end.

Daily Ops Dev Dive & Preview

Prep your gear and round up your squad, because instanced, randomized, repeatable encounters called “Daily Ops” are coming to Fallout 76 with Update 22 on September 15. We recently sat down with Steve Massey and Don Etgeton from the development team to discuss their thoughts on what you can expect from Daily Ops and what it took to bring them to the game. Catch our latest Dev Dive video below, and then read on to learn everything you’ll need to know to prepare for your first Operation on patch day.YouTube

Introducing Daily Ops

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Every time you join a Daily Op you’re going to step into a different instanced location and receive objectives to complete that will differ depending on the Daily Op mode. Our first mode will be called “Uplink,” in which you will secure a series of uplinks that will help you track down and destroy creatures who threaten Appalachia. All the while, you will square off against enemies from a single faction, like Robots or Super Mutants, who sport deadly mutations that will make them uniquely challenging to take down. If you manage to complete the objectives and neutralize the threat, you will be rewarded with some loot, XP, and in-game currency for your efforts.
You will be able to take part in Daily Ops alone or in team of up to four players. You can also complete Daily Ops as often as you’d like, though certain rewards can only be achieved once per day. We’ll dig into the rewards a bit more in a moment. For now, let’s take a look at the ever-changing aspects of Daily Ops that will keep you on your toes.

A New Challenge Every Day

With Daily Ops, we’re aiming to bring more repeatable and challenging content to the game that you can jump into on a regular basis, which has been highly-requested by some of our more experienced players. To help achieve this, Daily Ops locations, enemies, and enemy mutations will be randomized every day, so that you have a fresh and exciting experience every time.
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We’re particularly excited to implement randomized enemy mutations, which are unique effects that will apply to all enemies you encounter in a Daily Op. For example, creatures that explode on death, or that can only be killed by a melee hit will challenge teams to work together and strategize how to take them down efficiently. Along with the combination of different locations to explore and enemy factions to take on each day, we feel that Daily Ops will offer lots of variety every time you join up. Below, we’ve included more details about the different randomized elements you will encounter in Daily Ops: *
Locations: The Burrows, The Burning Mine, Valley Galleria, or Vault 94 * **Additionally, with Update 22, you will now also be able to explore Vault 94 even when you’re not in a Daily Op. *
Enemy Factions: Super Mutants, Blood Eagles, or Robots. *
Enemy Mutations: Creatures will receive one of the following mutations in a given Daily Op, in addition to “Piercing Gaze,” which will apply during all “Uplink” Daily Ops: * Piercing Gaze: Enemies have greatly enhanced perception of players * Volatile: Enemies will explode on death * Active Camouflage: Enemies will be cloaked when not attacking * Resilient: Enemies can only be killed by a melee attack * Freezing Touch: Enemy attacks will freeze players

Claim Your Rewards

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As mentioned above, you can play through Daily Ops and receive a base set of rewards as many times as you’d like. However, there are three reward tiers that offer even better loot if you manage to complete a Daily Op within certain time limits: Initiate, Paladin, and Elder. You can achieve these once per day, and the higher the tier you reach, the better chances you’ll have at unique loot. Here are the time limits for each reward tier. * Initiate Tier — 16 minutes or less * Paladin Tier — 12 minutes or less * Elder Tier — 8 minutes or less
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As an example of the rewards that are possible from just one Elder Tier run, you can get the following: a large XP grant, two in-game currency grants, two legendary items, and a “care package” consisting of ammo, first aid, and explosives. Additionally, you will a chance at unique items, such as a new, customizable melee weapon called the War Glaive, as well as a C.A.M.P. item that can cure diseases! We’re also planning to add to the rare item list in the future to keep the rewards for Daily Ops feeling fresh.
While the heartiest adventurers will be able to complete Daily Ops alone, we do recommend teaming up with at least one other player if you plan on seeking out Elder Tier rewards. Likewise, while lower-level characters can participate and have an impact on Daily Ops due to the changes coming with One Wasteland, we still recommend them for characters who are level 50+.
Once your Daily Op is complete, you’ll be able to view an after-action Operation Report. These screens will show you how fast you managed to complete the Daily Op, which reward tiers you reached, and a list of the rewards you earned (except for XP and currencies).

Ready for Action!

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Now that you’ve got the basics, you’re nearly ready to join your first Operation! After Update 22 arrives, you will find a new World Activity tracker on the Map screen. The tracker will list any Daily Ops that are currently available, and you can select an Op from the list to learn more about it, including which location, enemies, and mutations you’ll face when you load in. You will also be able to enter Daily Ops directly from the tracker by clicking the “Join” button.
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Speaking of teams, we’re making a few tweaks to Public Teams in Update 22, as well. We’ve renamed the “Building” team type to “Casual” to better fit with how players were actually using it, and removing the old Casual team bonus. In its place, we’ve added a “Daily Ops” team type, which offers bonus XP for completing Daily Ops (+25% bonus XP to start, +100% bonus XP for a fully bonded team). We hope this will give you even more reason to join a few friends to take on Daily Ops together.
As a reminder, Daily Ops are still available for play testing in the Public Test Server (PTS) for those of you who own a PC copy of Fallout 76 through Bethesda.net. You can also earn a special Pennant for your C.A.M.P. in the live version of the game by completing 8 Daily Ops in the PTS. The PTS will remain available until Monday, September 14, so we hope to see you there!

Fortifying ATLAS Concludes

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Congratulations, Dwellers! Over the past few weeks, you came together to deliver tons of supplies to help construct a new Appalachian HQ for the Brotherhood of Steel at ATLAS Observatory. We, and Russell Dorsey, couldn’t be prouder! Thank you all of you who shared your hard-earned supplies with Russell and the Brotherhood. Now, it’s time to kick back and enjoy the fruits of your labor.

Purveyor Super Sale This Weekend

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Because you delivered 175 million leather, Purveyor Murmrgh is opening her doors for a Legendary Super Sale event. Throughout this weekend, you’ll get 50% off any legendary weapons and armors you buy using Legendary Scrips. Head to her shop inside the Rusty Pick in the Ash Heap to take advantage of her generous offer before the event concludes on Monday. * Start: 12:00 p.m. ET on September 10 * End: 12:00 p.m. ET on September 14

A Second Helping of Meat Week

That’s not all! By turning in over 200,000,000 glass last week, the community has also secured another round of the Meat Week Seasonal Event. Grahm and Chally will be back in the Forest and ready to start grilling when the event returns on September 22. We’ll share another reminder with you in the coming weeks as we get closer to this sizzlin’ Seasonal Event.

Previous Posts

Title Post Date
Atomic Shop Weekly Update: September 8 - 15 2020-09-08 16:10:03
Fallout 76: Inside the Vault – Season 2 Preview: New S.C.O.R.E.board, Rewards, & More! 2020-09-03 15:05:01
Fallout 76: C.A.M.P. Creations- Summertime Escape 2020-09-02 15:45:02
Atomic Shop Weekly Update: September 1 – 8 2020-09-01 16:30:03
Inside the Vault – One Wasteland Preview 2020-08-27 15:15:03
submitted by PaulJP to fo76FilthyCasuals [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 16:43 kvv213 Using Arduino framework to create an industrial-grade device (on the example of an electrochromic controller).

Arduino: is it only for enthusiasts and their projects?

There is an opinion that Arduino is a system exclusively for schoolchildren and their parents who want to learn how to create electronic devices for LEDs winking, measuring the temperature in the pantry, and training a simple robot on the site in front of the house while catching the enthusiastic views of neighbors. I will not play hanky-panky, it was designed just for such purpose, for training and learning. With the help of Arduino, the entry barrier into the world of electronics was significantly reduced for all the newcomers.
The Arduino creators intend to simplify the entire system: the microcontroller itself, the development environment, language and even expansion cards that can be installed into each other without taking up lengthy soldering processes. The simplest system can be assembled literally on the knee and started up in minutes. But intentional simplification does not mean that Arduino cannot be used in more serious projects rather than the automation of home plumbing via sending consumption information to the smartphone of the responsible tenant.
It goes without saying that there is quite a variety of applications with different requirements and with different demands for the resulting quality and safety. For the automation of non-critical functions or production facilities, diverse tools can be used. And that includes those initially used for training purposes. This is one of such cases that I want to share with the readers.
Before starting the evaluation of a project of creating an industrial device, which performance, stability and overall quality have full control over a piece of very expensive equipment, I want to introduce some stipulation to avoid ambiguity and misunderstanding of my arguments and prerequisites by the reader.
Arduino, as a platform in general, has made a real revolution in the world of DIY electronics. In the pre-Arduino era the embedded systems enthusiasts, of course, existed. But they stewed, for the most part, in their own delicious juices and did not move from platform to platform since the threshold to enter the new platform was essential. It was necessary to study the architecture of the microcontroller, all its hardware, communication protocols, development environment, and the framework used. All this took time. Moreover, the system architecture philosophy of different microcontrollers’ producers is often quite different. That increased the level of difficulty when someone wanted to switch from one architecture to another.
But with the arrival of Arduino, everything changed. Programming an ATmega microcontroller board became as easy as writing a console program for Windows. A simplified framework, a lightweight programming language that does not require a prior declaration of all the variables and functions, a simple development environment, and finally means for downloading compiled code onto the board via just a USB-cable, attracted millions of users. Suddenly, a whole new big market emerged which many of hardware manufacturers and later even the major embedded chip manufacturers pointed their views to.
Arduino ecosystem began to develop, grow, spread, and change. To date, Arduino is already much more than a set of LEDs, press buttons, and Arduino Uno with a USB-cable.
For me, and as a part of this article, Arduino is an ecosystem that integrates the Arduino hardware platform (including both Arduino boards themselves and the variety of sensors developed for this platform), Arduino framework, which is applicable not only for ATmega microcontrollers, and Arduino IDE as an integrated development environment. With time however any popular ecosystem is gradually growing, absorbing many related areas, and thus its boundaries are blurring. For example, the variety of shields, whether temperature sensors or relays developed for the ESP8266 platform by WeMos or SparkFun can also be considered as a part of the Arduino ecosystem, even though ESP8266 can be programmed not only with Arduino framework and Arduino IDE but also with a proprietary RTOS IDF-Style SDK with a variety of compatible IDEs.
And if the use of Arduino ecosystem as an excellent DIY environment does not cause questions and the system is truly perfectly suited for beginners (yes, you can make it even easier - but is it really necessary?), then the use of Arduino as either an ecosystem or as its individual parts for industrial-suited devices still generates a certain skepticism among specialists, especially among those respected guys who belong to so-called "old school". Below I will try to show you whether Arduino can be used as something more serious rather than simply monitoring temperature and humidity in your country house.

New horizons require new equipment

In my company called Octoglass, we are engaged in the development of electrochromic systems. Electrochromic means that when a bias is applied towards an electrochromic device, a cascade of redox reactions are provoked, through which part of the substance of the device either acquires or loses color (i.e., begins to transmit accordingly either less or more radiation of certain wavelengths). In our company, we work with the effects of electrochromism within the visual range of the electromagnetic spectrum. One of the obvious applications of this electrochromic functionality is the consequential use of electrochromic devices in structural glazing, where at a user's request glass can be darkened or brightened (so the pure purpose is the adjustable electrical tinting). The processes that occur inside an electrochromic device are quite complex, and even a superficial description of them will require another article of at least a similar size. All these double dielectric layers, electrolytes, ions, current density distribution, and voltage drops along the glass surface, temperature dependencies, etc., require complex algorithms to control the proper voltage supply voltage to “electrochromic glass” (as we call the complete electrochromic device).

A sample of an electrochromic glass we work with
Our current commercial developments operate at a DC voltage of about one volt, while the current consumption in active phases of operation can reach more than one amp per square meter of the product surface (it should be noted that by the product here and thereafter I mean a glass triplex laminate ready for installation into an insulated glass unit (IGU) or a vehicle, including an internally co-laminated electrochromic device itself with the proper electrical outputs attached and ready to connect to the power supply terminals). In addition to the low operating voltage and high current, other requirements are imposed on the electrical power supply of the electrochromic system, such as the stability of the output voltage. Our devices require voltage delta accuracy of at least 0.1 volts, with spikes of less than 0.02 volts, as well as the capability of supplying voltage in short pulses, change the phasing of the voltage, and constant monitoring of not only the voltage itself but also the current and the temperature of the device. And as a cherry on top of this cake of requirements - the generation of an ultra-low voltage of 0.5 volts is necessary.
The main applications of our products - the electrochromic glass with variable light transmission - are the means of transport: cars, water, and railway transport, etc. Provision of a stable power supplement is a true challenge according to the conditions of this application niche. The controller, as we call our voltage source as a whole, must smooth out all the peaks, surges, and harmonic vibrations coming from its power circuits as well as from the feeding voltage. In general, we managed to implement an adequate hardware device on only the fourth attempt.
A specialized company from the capital engaged in electronics development has worked on the very first version of our controller. After a three-time delay, they were finally able to produce a solution that fully met our requirements from a hardware point of view. But we were not able to adopt the developed controller. Its cost was beyond reasonable limits and this important factor that complements all the performance of the device. We did not consider such a requirement as the cost of the controller in the first version of the specification. So, all in all, this controller did not move into serial production, and it turned out to be impossible to properly adapt and simplify it.
The second attempt has been made by a private developer who promised to implement all our ideas in just a month time and at a very low cost. But by the time when the prototype has been assembled, he died unexpectedly, which led us to a real despondency. The third version, strongly simplified, we have developed inhouse. The device was based on ESP8266 chip, and we wrote a very simple firmware that implemented only the basic functions. The controller did operate and performed its functions, but we could not implement all the necessary and sometimes complex control algorithms on a lightweight platform. We lacked quite a number of required hardware functions.
For this reason, a fourth and final attempt has been made to implement all our ideas in hardware. To do that we have hired another company that was also professionally engaged into electronics development. This time however in addition to all our requirements we have also restricted the developer to the cost of the final product. And we prudently decided to write the program code ourselves. We are constantly practicing hypotheses on our computer model of an electrochromic device and later testing them in practice. And because of such activities, we make changes - and quite significant at times - to the algorithms of the controller. Electrochromic devices are a complex thing and one can perform the research on them through his whole life constantly stumbling upon something new. Therefore, changes in control algorithms are made for practically every new major release of our technology.
It took the last contractor about two months to develop the device. But in the end, we once again were not satisfied with the result. STM32F103RB microcontroller chip consumed about 70% of its calculation power exclusively for voltage stabilization (the method of hardware PWM generation by the microcontroller with duty cycle correction to stabilize the required voltage level was used). Under such conditions, there was no room for additional business logic for maintenance of control algorithms, communication with the user, flashing of speech indicators. And even a slight delay in interrupt processing can lead to the voltage crawl beyond the dangerous limit.
The proposed board design and control method have been rejected: as it turned out, the developer implementing the project had happened to get acquainted with the requirements to the final product but understood them in its own specific way. The company managed to present the second version of the device prototype after only two weeks of “all come” development, with all their brains engaged into this work. The new device has been implemented on SMT32F103RE chip and the DAC system that is on board on this new chip was used as the basis for voltage generation.

An engineering sample of our 2 channel controller. STM32 chip is on the top next to a LED. Arduino is inside.
Thanks to the built-in hardware DAC and in general a more powerful and functional microcontroller, I - as the developer of the software part - had much more resources to implement all the business logic that has been originally planned. In the new design, again as originally planned, voltage correction is required no more than once per second, and sometimes even less. The stability of the DAC signal output allows me to set the required voltage and forget about it for a while until, for example, the next cycle of its correction is necessary depending on the device temperature shift.
After the approval of the prototype, it has taken the hardware developer about two more months to bring the hardware implementation to our very strict requirements in terms of voltage generation quality. And I in the meantime had the opportunity to understand the software part, or rather to understand what to implement it on, especially when the choice for the STM32 platform is extensive.

Dispute with an old engineer

I wrote my first code using Basic back in 1989 for Commodore 64. Basic interpreter was immediately loaded as soon as the set-top box connected to a TV and equipped with an external cassette memory device has been turned out. I didn't have any documentation for Commodore 64 Basic, so I had to study it using a manual for Soviet «Agat» computer.
Later there were IBM XT clones, "large" computers, and finally higher education and career in IT. I coded in Basic, Pascal, Prolog, Perl, C, Java, C#, PHP, JavaScript, Python, and many other languages. Gradually I came to realize that all programming languages are the same, one way or another because they are only tools for algorithms implementation. Yes, of course, they do have certain differences in syntax, paradigms, and frameworks used, but these are all trifles that serve only for ease of development and optimal results. And in the end, despite the theory, in practice everything turned out so that for me the development tool is now solely determined by the task and not by the personal preferences or qualifications of one particular developer. If I understand that a particular problem is better solved by means X then I would rather spend some of my resources on studying means X instead of using crutches to employ the more familiar means Y.
Returning to the STM32 platform. STMicroelectronics has spent a lot of resources on providing developers with various tools to work with their microcontrollers. On the one hand, this is good: it is possible to take the most of the specific hardware with a tool specifically designed for it. But on the other hand, switching to another platform from the same manufacturer can be difficult due to the lack of compatibility at the code level. STM32 family microcontrollers are much more complex than ATmega originally used in Arduino: only the initialization settings are ten times more complicated. So, the development tools for STM32 are obviously also more complex and diverse. You can program STM32 at least on: Low-Level API, CMSIS, HAL, Mbed, SPL, Arduino, Zephyr, and probably via a few other different ways that I’m not even aware of. And these are only frameworks. There are additionally also several integrated development environments from Kail to an online environment for Mbed.
Thanks to the presence of the prototypes of our controllers I had a unique chance to choose the most appropriate implementation tool for the task. There is no dedicated software developer in our company who could work on the development of the firmware for the controller starting in the morning and till evening; we couldn't even give this work to the outsource because the requirements have been constantly changing in accordance with the results of our R&D on the electrochromic devices themselves. And maintaining relevant specifications together with the correct management of requirements with an external company would have required more resources than developing the program code in-house. That is why I had to take over the role of the developer and combine it with my other activities.
So, my task was to create the built-in controller software for electrochromic glass in a short period of time with no extra work, using where possible the external libraries and in the most understandable format for future support.
Many of STM32 developers use HAL in conjunction with Keil IDE with the microcontroller pre-configuration in STM32Cube. This approach allows you to quickly and easily configure the chip and implement the simplest business logic. But at the very beginning of the process planning it has been clear to me that configuration and control of voltage generating is only a hundredth of the total code volume. All the rest is the business logic of the voltage management algorithms, user interaction, emergency checks, and emergency handling. Therefore, the idea of using HAL was not the most successful in terms of further development and increase of the controller's functions. Having provided myself easier work at the initial stage I could have spent much more resources at all the subsequent ones.
The next candidate was Mbed - a system actively promoted by STMicroelectronics as its own branded Arduino analogue. Mbed is positioned as a system that provides an easy entry for beginners, but at the same time has the capability to unlock all the potential inherent in STM32 chips. Mbed framework "out of the box" provides access to all the functions of the chips, from conventional I/O up to the operations with CAN-bus. In addition, Mbed supports RTOS mode, although RTOS feasibility on single-threaded processors embedded into STM32 chips remains in great doubt.
While studying the Mbed framework I’ve written trial firmware first for Nucleo 64 developing board with STM32F103RB chip and then for our controller prototypes with STM32F130RE. And I gave up using Mbed. Why? The new STMicroelectronics framework turned out to be not as good as described in promotional leaflets and on the manufacturer's website. It does work, it performs all its functions, there is a library repository, it has comprehensive documentation, there is an online editor, there is a specialized IDE for offline development and you can even use your favorite development environment such as PlatformIO. But I’ve also faced a number of significant downsides. Firstly, the Mbed framework is built in such an amazing way that it will recompile everything (the entire framework) when any changes are made to the code structure. It has been the first time in my life when I saw all the 16 cores of my PC 100% loaded for ten minutes straight while compiling the firmware for the microcontroller. And no settings, including modules disabling, could solve this problem in any IDE including STM Mbed IDE. It is not very comfortable to work in such conditions. And because of by-product constant recompilation of everything - the resulting firmware took much more resources than it should have. The second point, which seriously interfered with development, was the rawness of the framework itself. Despite the more or less detailed documentation, some tweaks did not work as described in the docs or even expected by a software developer. On many issues, I had to clarify these subtle points with more intelligent users of the system at forums and the situation was further complicated by the presence of two current versions of the Mbed framework (now they have three of them pushed to the mass) that have significant differences and are actually incompatible at the code level and libraries. And, thirdly, the set of libraries available through the branded repository was poor, to say the least, and the quality of the libraries left much to be desired.
In the end, a volitional decision has been made to start firmware development using an Arduino framework, or rather its clone for the STM32 platform. At that moment the Arduino framework for STM32 has been represented by two close sets differing mainly in kernels. The very first Arduino framework for STM32 with Maple kernel was not supported as actively as the newer implementation - STM32duino. The last became the framework that has been picked for the purpose of further development. By its structure, STM32duino is more a wrapper over standard STM32 frameworks (HAL, CMSIS) which provides compatibility of the ecosystem and primarily libraries written for Arduino with the STM32 platform. Hardware initialization occurs mainly during a function call: for example, if I need to use DAC on an output that can be used for a different purpose the output will be initialized as a DAC output the first time it is used and in no other way. Thus, the developer is relieved of the burden of initializing the chip, everything is done by the framework itself. The framework, which provides compatibility with Arduino, also opens access to a wide range of libraries written by countless users. Which is also very good. Finally, Arduino has my favorite String class which makes it easy to operate with string objects. Life is not nice without it and the usage of the standard string causes pain and existential suffering.
In general, rewriting the test program from Mbed to Arduino took about 1.5 evenings after dinner, however STM32duino framework was and still is actively developing primarily in terms of support for specific functions of STM32 chips. And while those are not implemented in the framework the developer has to "dive" into the underlying layers: HAL or CMSIS. And it has turned out to be the cornerstone of a dispute between me and another old embedded systems engineer.
My position is that even for a device that manages an expensive load but does not carry critical safety functions (such as for example a vehicle Traction Control or a series of steam line gate valves on a nuclear power plant) I would prefer the fastest and the least expensive way to write firmware. The old engineer, on the contrary, insisted that for any “serious” implementation only the most proven solutions supplied exclusively by the equipment manufacturer should be used. And the use of third-party libraries should be abandoned because even the authors of the libraries themselves are not aware of what nuances and errors may hide inside of them especially if they relate to Open Source or Public Domain.
From the old engineer's point of view, it is allowed to use only the code that you have written yourself or inside your company and which, accordingly, has passed through a sieve of internal checks and testing and meets the internal or accepted in your sector of industry quality standards. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting into an unpleasant situation where the code will contain errors and will not work at all as expected by the developer. Defending my position, I’ve argued that it is possible and necessary to conduct testing of not only your own code but also the code from a third-party supplier, both separately and as part of the entire hard- and software complex. And only in this case, you can be at least somewhat sure that the software product contains the minimum of errors.
In general, the discussion has been reduced to the fact that it is not worth using Arduino, especially if you have to “dig to a lower level” for some functions. But there were no special reasons announced why Arduino and other libraries should not be used for an industrial-grade device except for the potential presence of errors in them.
Therefore, I will address the reader in order to hear as many opinions as possible on this subject. I insist that for non-critical systems it is allowed and useful to use tools that facilitate and accelerate development, which saves resources, time, and money and allows the product to be released into series as soon as possible. That is especially true since the developer's work is in many cases much more expensive than the hardware on which this program code will be used. And the resulting quality depends more on the qualification of the developer, software architecture, approach and quality of testing, while whether the product has been written directly on JavaScript, Go or Erlang does not play any special role. Hence the use of the Arduino framework, which, on the one hand side, opens compatibility with many libraries accumulated over the years, and, on the other hand side, allows to implement ideas as quickly as possible, is quite viable not only in enthusiasts’ projects but also in industrial implementations. As for the errors - they are anyways somehow present in all more or less complex systems from frameworks to hardware itself.

Practice of application

So STM32duino framework has been chosen for the implementation of the firmware. A framework that provides compatibility with the original Arduino, libraries developed for the Arduino ecosystem and is a wrapper for standard STM32 frameworks such as HAL and CMSIS. Why didn't I write directly on HAL or CMSIS (the old engineer suggested exactly that way)? That’s because the business logic of the firmware is much easier to implement on the Arduino framework and working with buttons, LEDs and other I/O elements is better done through ready-made libraries than reinventing the bike every time. I do not argue that those developers who write on HAL constantly and only under the same platform have already grown all the necessary reliable libraries by third-party developers or had written them independently. But I really did not want to spend resources to create something that can be used ready-made.
It was necessary to decide whether to use RTOS (it is also available for the Arduino framework) or to proceed with the usual means before starting active development. STM32F103RE microcontroller chip uses a single microprocessor Cortex-M3 which is not multithreaded. Accordingly, we can’t talk accordingly about any parallel execution of user code there. Yes, M3 uses an entire of three processing pipelines for operations, but these tricks are available only at the level of the processor itself and for their effective use I would probably have to “dive” down to Assembler. Thus, there is no special sense in using RTOS to run individual threads: the same can be implemented by easier means with significantly less resource consumption.

Visual Studio Code with PlatfromIO IDE
Since it had been originally assumed that the controller firmware would be complex, I’ve divided it into separate classes. For example, I have a separate class for user interaction - it flashes LEDs, beeps buzzer; there is a class responsible for handling button presses and encoder rotations; of course, there is a separate class that handles voltage control algorithms. And C++ is used for implementation instead of conventional C since I use an object model.
To ensure interaction between classes, a message queue was implemented through which class instances can exchange messages. When a button is clicked, a message is generated in the instance of a class that handles the pressing of buttons and it is sent to the queue. Then, a class instance interested in button click processing accepts the message from the queue and deletes it. In the main loop of Arduino, only the class instance handlers are called, and all events are processed within the class instance handlers themselves depending on the logic of their work and the specific state of the controller.
Since our controllers are versatile and potentially can and should work with any our as well as, in most cases, other parties’ electrochromic devices, they must be configured for the specific devices or their series. We customize our controllers with the glass we produce for each individual piece of it thus providing maximum safety performance and minimizing the operational degradation of electrochromic components. A shell has been written to interact with an operator, perceiving commands through a terminal connection and outputting a variety of useful information. Thanks to the advanced command language several controllers can be clustered or controlled from an external device without buttons. Configuration settings of the controller can be entered in separate commands or can be loaded with batch files, which greatly facilitates the work at streaming release. All settings related to the controller are exclusively stored in the memory in an encrypted form.
I would prefer some more points as the peculiarities of software development for the Octoglass controller. Working with ultra-low voltages ranging from about 0.3V and below is difficult and unstable. We don't need such voltages, but with the help of the controller, it is possible to achieve and use them. The maximum voltage that our controller is capable of is 4 volts; at a DAC resolution of 12 bits, the program can set the operating voltage with an accuracy of 0.97 millivolts. This high accuracy is redundant for our application. An accuracy of 100 millivolts or higher is sufficient for careful application of the controller with a maximum allowable pulsation of 20 millivolts. The hardware designer has configured the system to operate in the range from 0.5 to 4 volts according to our specifications so the filtration and stabilization subsystem at voltages below 0.3 volts does not work well. Numerous bursts and fallings appear. In principle, it is possible to can live with them if there were no voltage control feedback.
At such low voltages, a feedback loop must be used because of the significant drop in voltage on the conductors between the controller and the load. Feedback can compensate this drop and ensure the optimal operation of the electrochromic device. But at ultra-low voltages, there are problems with measuring this voltage. Periodic polling of ADC with a calculation of average value is used and repeated cycle by cycle in order to measure the voltage. But if there are many peaks and dips in the output voltage, and the signal generally is noisy, then the exact measurement of voltage is significantly hampered because the process of measurement is discrete and there is a probability that all the consequential measurements will fall either on peaks or dips, which is even more likely when there are unfiltered harmonics on the input power or other pickups exist inside the circuit. Generating ultra-low-voltage without feedback is also not very good because the physical parts on a controller board also have their own tolerances and those significantly affect the end result from one controller board to another.
A bit more on the voltage feedback: initially it has been planned to keep up with the times and use a full-fledged PID algorithm to correct the output voltage. But the practice has shown that simplification to only the P part of the algorithm is quite enough. Due to the high performance of the microcontroller, our controller smoothly reaches the required voltage and supports it with enviable accuracy when using only P-algorithm.
In addition to the use of a loop in the implementation, there is another specific feature from Arduino. I am talking about interrupt handling. Our controllers are designed for installation in cars and are mainly controlled by conventional push-buttons. A pressing of a button is detected in the program via an interrupt, which somewhat unloads the main program cycle. But with Arduino, you can only use a function without parameters when specifying an interrupt handler because initially Arduino has used C. In C++ when you use instances of classes for calling any method from an instance, a pointer to an instance of this object is passed as a hidden parameter which makes it impossible to use class methods as interrupt handlers. You overcome this by specifying interrupt handlers at the function level in the main part of the code. In our case, these handlers send messages to the message queue where it is then processed by the corresponding class instances.
Instead of a conclusion Three years after the start of the epic with the development of controllers and six months after we had begun to supply our current-version controllers to our customers I can say with all certainty that the plan has finally been implemented. We have reached the desired result, sneaking through the thicket of trials and errors, but the achieved result does not just work, it also gives pleasure from the fruit of my hands, of hands of the entire team.

A customer vehicle with our glass installed. Controlled with one of the controllers.

Small Q&A section

Was it justified to use the Arduino framework to implement the software code for a STM32 microcontroller? Wasn't it easier to implement everything using native HAL and enjoy the result as many do?
HAL would allow you to implement all the hardware features of the controller "out of the box", as they say, but the price for relief at the initial stage would be increased development time for everything else that does not directly concern hardware. After all, working with hardware in the controller is less than 1% of the code, all the rest is business code, calculations, averages, forecasting, a search of values by tables, interaction with the outside world, and so on.
Has the reliability of the program been affected by using the wrapper-framework?
There are errors always and everywhere, every developer should remember this axiom. Both individuals and giant corporations with multi-level testing and trial systems make mistakes. During the development process, I found bugs in STM32duino as well, they had been reported to the framework developers and have been fixed in the next releases. Such efficiency is very pleasing. As for reliability, a lot depends on the code structure and programming quality. I always stick to simple rules that allow not to step on the obvious rakes. I write only simple code, clear, and understandable. I try never to use "hacks" available in C/C++ that allow me to type fewer characters on the keyboard to get results. I give clear names to classes, class instances, methods, functions, and variables. I always leave comments inside the source code, so I can edit the code that has been written 3 years ago after just half an hour of re-familiarizing myself with it. I don't build up “spaghetti structures” from a sequence of calls to objects, methods, and instances, so I don't "run out" of memory, never at all in my whole experience. All the devices for which I have coded operate for months and years without crashes and hangs from the software part. The controller developed in Octoglass can also work for months, which has been successfully confirmed by tests.
Has the overall performance decreased due to the use of the framework-wrapper?
STM32 microcontrollers are very powerful and their performance is usually enough for much more serious tasks. At the same time, modern compilers perform real miracles in terms of optimization during compilation. Nevertheless, the performance issue certainly worried me as well. But all the worries were in vain: the loop time and, therefore, the reaction time on events is only 0,5 milliseconds which is more than enough for our application conditions.
What other benefits do you get from using the Arduino framework?
Versatility and compatibility with other hardware platforms. After writing the code once it will be possible to transfer it to other platforms. For example, if there is a need to migrate from STM32 to ESP32 then it will only be required to change the hardware binding in the code and replace those of the code sections which were accessing the lower layers of frameworks stack for one reason or another. With the use of macros, you can generally write one program for several platforms at a time.
To summarize all of the above I can confidently state that the use of frameworks that facilitate and accelerate development - such as Arduino - is not only possible for commercially manufactured and used devices, but also makes perfect sense in terms of resource optimization. I would nevertheless also like to hear the reader’s opinion on the matter: please share in the comments your experience in developing "serious" things with "non-serious" means.
submitted by kvv213 to arduino [link] [comments]


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2020.09.09 12:02 ThrowRAfaraway I don't know how to move forward

In the art community, I [25] met someone [22M] that I had clicked almost instantly with since October of last year. Just like anyone else, we had similar interests: drawing/enjoying art in general (of course), creating characters and worlds with them, being apart of lgbt, similar traumatic pasts/life struggles, and more. Every single day, we would talk to one another and not miss a beat. Leaving one another morning greetings before starting the conversation of the day and leaving each other good nights to end the day with.
At first, I had felt a strong platonic endearment towards them and just absolutely loved spending time with them any moment I could get out of the day. I find myself to be a person that loves to love people especially upon first meeting them as long as I can somewhat fit my energy with theirs comfortably. I guess you can say that I 'fall in love' with the experience of meeting someone new that I actually enjoy talking to and going out of my way to do things with them, learn about them, talk to them, and just...to be around them until it progresses. The more that I feel comfortable with the person, the more that I open myself up and let the other person know about myself too as I am one known to be quite enigmatic around others.
I found that the more that I talked to him and shared deep parts of myself and opened up, the more that I was becoming somewhat enamored in different directions that I didn't realize myself. Constantly, I'd recognize a new flurry of feelings in me that I'd immediately let fly over my head and resolve it as being 'platonic love' for a dear friend. I planned on sending them a huge care package full of things they loved and liked from candies, plushies, and even my own drawings made especially for them. Along with all of these sweet materialistic things and homemade gifts, I attached my final gift to them which was a very long letter that basically explained how grateful I was to have met them and how much they meant to me. If I could remember correctly, I believe it was 10 handwritten pages of me writing from the heart rather than the mind.
It was then after I had finished that letter and reread it before sending it off, that I realized in such a slow reaction what exactly I had said in it and how I really felt. I knew then and there that I didn't love this person a whole lot as a friend, but more. A developing crush. I spend endless days and nights trying to convince myself that I really just loved this person as a beloved friend and nothing more. Nothing romantic nor anything sexual. Just. A. Friend.
Boy, did my brain and heart convince me otherwise.
Everyday then on, I had continued to talk normally to them as I had always done but the 'I love yous' felt a lot different. 'I love you my dear friend' began to feel more like, 'I love you, but, can you love me too? (romantically)'. I began to feel the pains of an unreciprocated crush in my heart and my head. I crushed on them so hard I gradually began to actually fall in love with them but constantly tried so hard to convince myself to get over it and to treat it just between friends and nothing more because I had the greatest fear that if they ever knew how I felt, our friendship would go a whole different direction and tear apart. That I would eventually end up losing them and that hurt my heart more than the feeling of being in love with them.
One night, we had our usual conversations and sharing the things we loved. At some point, I discussed past bad relationships that I had been in and the last one I was in that I broke off before I eventually first met them. I rambled and went on about how grateful I was to have met them during a time when I felt so incredibly sad constantly. It eventually led to me slipping up and confessing how, 'I'm sorry ahead of time if I end up catching hard feelings for you' and thus began the unraveling of all the feelings I had kept up inside of me. We talked about how I was feeling and how I had felt about them, how things would be and all the fears that I had kept up inside of me. I was scared confessing all of these things to them, crying as I typed away all my feelings from my heart into words for them to understand how I felt about them. At the same time, I kept constantly thinking about how this was it, this was how our friendship would spiral and get weird and awkward to the point where we'd just fall apart.
'I've done made him uncomfortable and all because of my stupid feelings'
To my surprise, he seemed to be on board with the way I was feeling. Being respectful, he told me that I should allow myself to feel these kinds of feelings because I always tend to bury them and hope for the best which he knew I was notorious at. He appreciated and was happy to hear that I was communicating to them exactly how I was feeling and that they might have been on board with reciprocating this crush back to me. He loved talking to me a whole lot and considered wanting to love me back romantically. He was new to concepts such as long distance relationships or the idea that someone had actually liked them for them as a whole rather than a specific trait of them such as their humor, face, or personality. But, he wanted to meet me first and go on dates with me in person before anything would progress on further. I felt a huge wave of relief wash over me and the weight burdening my heart and head had been lifted and more of the new weight of loving them despite the fact we werent exclusive or anything. We wanted to feel things out in person better since things are a lot different when in person rather than behind a screen through text sometimes.
I planned to meet them eventually in person in the next couple of months after that. We continued to talk daily with our usual conversations or exchanges of creative characteworld building and what not that happened in our everyday lives. Our conversations gradually drifted and became conversations touched more with words of love, endearment, and affection both romantically and even sexually.
When the day came that I was to fly over and see them for a week (We live about 10 hours away from each other in the same state), things began to change when I got there. They share an apartment with their friends as his roommates and we hung out with them too on and off. Before we were to see each other, he had made it clear to me that because of intimacy trauma and fears that he had in his past, he might grow to be distant at times which I understood completely and respected. The first few nights, we were close in contact and shared a bed with each other. Exchanged kisses, hugs, touches, and even shared our bodies with one another. Eventually, things began to spiral downwards, his intimacy fears struck and he grew distant from me. No more close contact nor affectionate exchanges occurred unless one of the days he felt good and in a good mood, otherwise, boundaries were made and I had gradually felt I couldnt be around them at all nor their friends. I felt awful. I didn't know how to have fun with his friends anymore nor did I know how to act. I didn't know what was and wasn't allowed. I distanced myself too. I really wanted to respect them and their space and I constantly kept to my own. It finally got to a point where I just felt that they no longer wanted to be near me or even spend time with me alone or at all. He constantly would stick close to his friends and not acknowledge me and I felt a huge wall between us. Was this the distancing he spoke of? I tried so hard to understand and be understanding. On the good days where he could be close to me, I just felt more and more confused. I finally came forward and asked bluntly if they liked me at all anymore or if something happened that I might have done that made them ping pong back and forth with things. If he wanted to pursue anything further, I wanted a straight answer.
He came clean to me and told me in all honesty that, he had realized he did not have the energy nor the emotional capacity for a relationship or anything romantic at all. His reasoning being that things in his life were changing and it was easier to conceptualize romance when they weren't going through things in life. He was apologetic for misleading me, telling me that they still loved me a lot as a friend and that they still wanted to continue talking to me and hanging out with me as we had always done before. My heart broke in that instant but, I needed to pick myself up and be understanding to this. I absolutely still loved him a whole lot, he was practically my best friend already at that point. So of course, I wanted to put these feelings behind me and not let it ruin our friendship. But the feelings, he felt it was important that I felt them and something that I must figure out on my own on how to move forward with them. He wasn't asking me to crush my feelings but to 'feel them out' as time passes. I decided at first that I had wanted to distance myself from them after this trip, that I wanted to help myself get over my feelings for them.
I completely failed my plan and didn't distance myself from them at all. I continued my attempts to talk to them daily and normally after that trip. The only thing I ended up doing was shutting my heart away from any feelings of loving them in that direction but, I also failed that too. I thought that this would have been fine if I still loved them a whole lot like this from afar instead. I didn't know if they still liked me like that anymore or if we could ever try again in the future. His words of me 'allowing myself to feel these feelings out and figuring out what to do with them' confused me more than ever because it gave me a space to allow myself to think that there could maybe...potentially be a chance that we could try again in the future when he felt ready since he did not explicitly tell me we had to stay as friends or that I should move on with my feelings of love for them. Everyday since then, I was just confused with my feelings. I was in a constant battle with myself if I should move on and just focus on our friendship or keep these feelings at bay inside of me and keep being, the usual in hopes for something...anything.
Everyday since then, I've just cried my heart out and would constantly try so hard to google so many sites, forums, and threads on 'How to get over your crush' or 'How do I move on?'. I didn't know how to because deep down inside, I was too stubborn to be apart from someone I liked. If someone picked me up and tried to separate me away from sitting next to the person I loved, I'd just come crawling back to sit right back next to them. I just wanted to be near them all the time! I didn't want to distance myself or 'give it a lot of time' and just hoped that maybe my feelings would figure themselves out and transition it's own kind of love back to the kind specially for a dear friend.
Then...he slowly began to stop talking to me. He put less effort in talking to me like we used to even when they were busy with their life. He no longer left me nice good morning messages or messages to let me know to have myself a wonderful day ahead of me or goodnight messages to let me know that he hoped my night had been well when I couldnt send off these messages on my own. I continued to put in the effort to talk to them as normally as I did but it felt like talking out into the void now. I receive one-liners or cheap wordings as replies. We don't even explore artistically anymore or talk much about anything no longer. I'm beginning to fear the worst happening that we wouldn't know how to talk to each other anymore like we used to as friends and that we'd grow apart and just...not be friends anymore. I'm afraid to lose them at all and I don't know what to say anymore or what to bring up. I keep overthinking and coming up with a million thoughts about how maybe I should give them breathing space and that maybe they'd come back around since maybe talking everyday was a little exhausting since they were now busy with things in their life. But then, the fear that if I give too much space, days of not talking anymore will turn into weeks then months then...who knows when we would talk again. Everyday this pain and fear eats away at me that I even have dreams almost everyday about them both good and bad. My heart aches every day and a part of me really just wants reassurance from them about whatever is going on with this silence between us now (but letting my overthinking believe its just...people being busy and that they'll come around) and the other part just, almost feels like giving up and letting them go completely and let this silence leave us broken apart.
I don't know how to let go of my feelings for them and I dont know how to approach them and communicate anything without feeling like Im going back to square one when they told me that I should just feel what I feel and go with the flow with it and figure it out while this new obstacle of us not talking anymore has occured. I dont know how to move forward at all and I dont know how to talk to my beloved best friend anymore...these confusing lingering unknowns are leaving me feeling very insecure that even Im afraid that I'll end up being the one that pushes the friendship away from being too overbearing with my worrisome anxieties.
TLDR; Met through art community and hit it off as great friends. Ended up confused with my strong platonic feelings that transitioned gradually to strong romantic feelings. Accidentally let my feelings slip through conversation months into the friendship and had the crush reciprocated. Decided we would figure out how to take these feelings after meeting in person. Planned a trip to see them for a week. Flirted a lot and got very close before seeing each other in person. Went down to see them and things go downhill. Was told they had no emotional capacity for a relationship due to life changing things but still very much loved me as a friend and wanted to keep hanging with me as friends. Told me its important to feel how I feel and to figure out how to move forward with my own feelings. Came back home and constantly feel strong yet confusing feelings for them and want to get over it but cant put distance or time between us by myself. They end up changing suddenly and dont talk to me as usual anymore and I can't tell if we are going to fall apart and no longer be friends with the radio silence between us now and I strongly want to believe and tell myself that they're just busy and that when they come around, we'll click and talk again. I don't know how to approach them or how to talk to them anymore but I still love them with all my heart and fear for our friendship.
submitted by ThrowRAfaraway to wemetonline [link] [comments]


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